Welcome to the MAPS lab!
At the Memory and Perception of Speech (MAPS) Lab, we broadly investigate how learning and memory support our perception and production of speech.
Our current projects fall into one of three areas:
Memory consolidation of perceptual learning
We are conducting a series of studies into the effects of post-training wake/sleep on the perception and production of newly learned speech contrasts. We combine behavioral methods with actigraphy/sleep polysomnography, and neuroimaging (fMRI, EEG/ERP) techniques, in order to discover the time course for establishing speech sound and speech motor representations. We are interested in how this occurs in individuals with typical language, and also where this process breaks down in individuals with idiopathic speech and language disorders.
Division of labor between memory systems during perceptual learning
Several of our projects focus on defining the separable contributions of the declarative and procedural memory systems to perceptual learning. As declarative and procedural memory are thought to undergo different consolidation processes, our emerging framework for the time course of speech learning is informed by this division of labor. This line of work allows us to ask if the differences in perceptual ability in disordered populations (e.g. developmental language disorder, dyslexia) are attributable to weaknesses in a specific memory system.
Time-of-day effects on perceptual learning
We are launching a new series of studies into how the time of day informs the strategy that people use to learn new perceptual categories. We will examine how the “optimal” time of day of learning differs across individuals at different stages of adolescence, as young adults undergo drastic changes to their chronotype. Visit our participation tab for information on how to participate in this fully online study!
Our work is supported by the National Institutes of Health/National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders (R21DC016391), the American Speech and Hearing Foundation (New Century Scholars Research Grant), and the University of Delaware Research Foundation. The content of this website is solely the responsibility of F. Sayako Earle and does not necessarily represent the official views of the National Institutes of Health, the American Speech and Hearing Foundation, or the University of Delaware Research Foundation.
We are located on the 5th floor of the STAR tower. Contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org!
Our newest research article, “Overnight consolidation of speech sounds predicts decoding ability in skilled adult readers,” examines the relationship between speech-perceptual learning, specifically offline consolidation of new acoustic-phonetic information, and...
Our new research article, "Literacy-supporting skills in college students with specific reading comprehension deficit and developmental language disorder," analyzes language-related skills that support literacy with a focus on comparing those skills in individuals...
Our article, "Deficits of learning in procedural memory and consolidation in declarative memory in adults with Developmental Language Disorder," evaluates performance on procedural and declarative memory tasks on adults with and without developmental language disorder...
Check out our new theoretical review paper, "A case for the role of memory consolidation in speech-motor learning," in Psychonomic Bulletin & Review by Anne van Zelst as lead author. Congrats, Anne!
Our Principal Investigator, Dr. Sayako Earle, was recently named the 2020 recipient of the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA) Award for Early Career Contributions in Research! Congratulations!! We're always proud to have members of the MAPS Lab...
Welcome Kevin Gyamfi and Erin Willis to the MAPS Lab! Kevin is a McNair scholar from UD, and Erin is a visiting Summer Research Scholar from Towson. Both of them are helping us conduct our human subjects research online while our lab facilities are closed due to...
100 Discovery Blvd Room 527 Newark, DE 19713