Genus Pelitropis Van Duzee, 1908

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[Back to North American Tropiduchidae]

Family Tropiduchidae Stål, 1866

Subfamily Tropiduchinae Stål, 1866

= Tambiniinae Kirkaldy, 1907 by Fennah (1982: 634).

Tribe Tangiini Melichar, 1914

Subtribe Neotangiina Fennah, 1982

Genus Pelitropis Van Duzee, 1908
Type species (in original combination):

Pelitropis rotulata Van Duzee, 1908.

Synonyms:

None.

Distribution:

USA: AL, FL, MS, NC, SC; Cuba, Hispaniola, Bahamas

Recognized species

There are 4 species currently in the genus:

  1. Pelitropis cazieri Metcalf 1954b: 9 – Bahamas
  2. Pelitropis haitiana Fennah 1965: 97 – Haiti
  3. Pelitropis insularis Schmidt 1932: 38 – Cuba
  4. Pelitropis rotulata Van Duzee 1908: 474 – USA: AL, FL, MS, NC, SC; Cuba(?) (Discover Life has a photo of this species from GA)
Economic Importance:

Limited.

Known host plants:

Pelitropis rotulata – Ilex (Aquifoliaceae), Baccharis halimifolia L. (Asteraceae), Elaeagnus multiflora Thunb. (Elaeagnaceae, cherry silverberry), Lyonia sp. (staggerbush), Rhododendron sp., Vaccinium corymbosum L. (highbush blueberry), Vaccinium sp. (Ericaceae), Quercus phellos L. (Fagaceae), Liquidambar styraciflua L. (Hamamelidaceae), Hypericum edisonianum (Small) P. Adams & N. Robson (Arcadian St. Johnswort, Clusiaceae [was Hypericaceae]), Persea borbonia (L.) Spreng. (redbay; Lauraceae), Myrica cerifera L. (wax myrtle, Myricaceae), Ligustrum amurense Carrière (Amur privet; Oleaceae), Coccoloba uvifera(L.) L. (seagrape, Polygonaceae), Prunus serotina Ehrh. (black cherr), Pyrus communis L. (common pear, Rosaceae), Ulmus alata Michx. (winged elm; Ulmaceae), Parthenocissus quinquefolia (L.) Planch. (Virginia creeper), Vitis rotundifolia Michx. (muscadine, Vitaceae)

Hosts from Wilson and Wheeler (1984); plant names from USDA PLANTS or Tropicos.

Recognition:

Distinctive among US fauna.

Median carina of frons absent; veins of forewings spotted with brown, lateral fields of pronotum narrower than medial fields.

Pelitropis rotulata

Pelitropis rotulata

Pelitropis rotulata 

Pelitropis rotulata (All photos by Kimberley Shropshire, Department of Entomology, University of Delaware)

Pelitropis rotulata

Pelitropis rotulata

Pelitropis_haitiana

Pelitropis haitiana

Online resources.

3i.
EOL.
Bugguide.
Discover Life.
FLOW.
Hoppers of North Carolina.
Kunzweb Gallery. (Link to family)
American Insects.
BOLD.

Collecting

Most often at lights (sometimes beating).

Molecular resources:

As of this writing, data for Pelitropis is not available on Genbank, but data is on Barcode of life.

Selected references:

Bartlett, C. R., L. B. O’Brien and S. W. Wilson. 2014. A review of the planthoppers (Hemiptera: Fulgoroidea) of the United States. Memoirs of the American Entomological Society 50: 1-287.

Fennah, R. G. 1945. Tropiduchidae and Kinnaridae from the Greater Antilles (Homoptera: Fulgoroidea). Psyche 52: 119-138.

Fennah, R. G. 1949. On a small collection of Fulgoroidea (Homoptera) from the Virgin Islands. Psyche 56(2): 51-65.

Fennah, R. G. 1965. New Species of Fulgoroidea (Homoptera) from the West Indies. Transactions of the Royal Entomological Society of London 117(4): 95-126.

Fennah, R. G. 1971. Fulgoroidea from the Cayman Islands and adjacent Areas. Journal of Natural History 5: 299-342.

Fennah, R. G. 1982. A tribal classification of the Tropiduchidae (Homoptera: Tropiduchidae), with description of new species on tea in Malaysia. Bulletin of Entomological Research 72: 631-643.

Gnezdilov, V. M. 2013. Contribution to the taxonomy of the family Tropiduchidae Stl (Hemiptera, Fulgoroidea) with description of two new tribes from Afrotropical Region. Deutsche entomologische Zeitschrift 60(2): 179-191.

Kirkaldy, G. W. 1907. Leafhoppers supplement. (Hemiptera). Bulletin. Hawaiian Sugar Planters’ Association Experiment Station. Division of Entomology 3: 1-186 [9].

Melichar. L. 1914f. Monographie der Tropiduchinen (Homoptera). Verhandlungen des Naturforschenden Vereines in Brünn 1914:1-145.

Metcalf, Z. P. 1954a. General Catalogue of the Hemiptera. Fascicle IV, Fulgoroidea, Part 11 Tropiduchidae. North Carolina State University, Raleigh, North Carolina.

Metcalf, Z. P. 1954. Homoptera from the Bahama Islands. American Museum Novitates. Published by the American Museum of Natural History. New York City 1698: 1-46 [11]

Metcalf, Z. P. 1954b. Homoptera from the Bahama Islands. American Museum Novitates 1698: 1-46.

Metcalf, Z. P. and S. C. Bruner. 1930. Cuban Fulgorina. 1. The families Tropiduchidae and Acanaloniidae. Psyche 37: 395-424.

O’Brien, L. B. 1992. The Tropiduchidae of the United States (Homoptera: Fulgoroidea). Annals of the Entomological Society of America 85(2): 121-126.

Schmidt, E. 1932. Neue und bekannte Zikadengattungen und Arten der neuen Welt . (Hemipt.-Homopt.). Entomologische Zeitung. Herausgegeben von dem entomologischen Vereine zu Stettin 93: 35-54.

Stål, C. 1859. Hemiptera. Species novas descripsit. Fregatten Eugenies Resa. Arkiv for Zoologi 4: 219-298.

Stål, C. 1866. Hemiptera Homoptera Latr. Hemiptera Africana vol. 3-4. Officina Norstedtiana, Stockholm, Sweden. 200 + 276 pp.

Van Duzee, E. P. 1908. Studies in North American Fulgoridae. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 1907: 467-498.

Van Duzee, E. P. 1917. Catalogue of the Hemiptera of America North of Mexico (excepting the Aphididae, Coccidae and Aleurodidae). University of California Publications, Technical Bulletins, vol. 2. University of California Press, Berkeley, pp. i-xiv, 1-902.

Walker, F. 1851. List of the specimens of Homopterous Insects in the collection of the British Museum. British Museum, London. 2: 261-636.

Wilson, S. W., C. Mitter, R. F. Denno and M. R. Wilson. 1994. Evolutionary patterns of host plant use by delphacid planthoppers and their relatives. In: R. F. Denno and T. J. Perfect, (eds.). Planthoppers: Their Ecology and Management. Chapman and Hall, New York. Pp. 7-45 & Appendix.

Wilson, S. W. and A. G. Wheeler Jr. 1984. Pelitropis rotulata (Homoptera: Fulgoroidea: Tropiduchidae) Host plants and descriptions of third, fourth and fifth instars. Florida Entomolologist 67: 164 168.

 

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