North American Nogodinidae


Nogodinidae from Tiskita Jungle Lodge in Costa Rica (Biolleyana sp. poss. costalis); photo by Brian Cutting, University of Delaware, Department of Entomology)

The Nogodinidae are a poorly defined group.  The phylogenetic analyses of Urban and Cryan (2007) indicates that Nogodinidae as currently defined are polyphyletic (as does Song and Liang 2013). In recent years, several planthopper taxa of uncertain affinities have been moved to Nogodinidae (viz. the Tonginae from the Acanaloniidae; Gnezdilov 2007, 2008, and Colpopterini Gnezdilov 2003 from the Issidae; Gnezdilov 2012). The type species of the type genus Nogodinia is Neotropical (a second species currently placed in Nogodina is from Taiwan), and so Nogodinidae in the strict sense would be Neotropical.

Fennah (1978) revised the higher classification of Nogodinidae, but defined the family differently than modern authorities.  Later, Fennah (1984) removed a series of North American genera (Bladinini subtribe Gaetuliina) from Issidae to Nogodinidae. Gaetuliini (sensu Gnezdilov 2007) includes 10 genera and 62 species north of Mexico [2 Gaetuliini occur in Mexico but not the US], all of which are southwestern, with 8 genera and 55 species from California. Gnezdilov (2007) moved the Gaetuliini to the Tropiduchidae, leaving no taxa in this family north of Mexico, but he subsequently (2012) moved Colpopterini from Issidae [as Colpopterinae], which includes a single adventive species from Florida. The Gaetuliini was subsequently subsumed under Elicini Melichar, 1915 (Tropiduchidae) (Gnezdilov 2013).

Neotropical Nogodinidae can be best recognized using the key in Metcalf (1938).  The common Neotropical genus Bladina was revised by Kramer (1976).NOGODINIDAE2

Type specimen of Nogodinia reticulata (Fabricius 1803) from the Fabricius collection.  Photo courtesy Niels Kristensen, Natural History Museum of Denmark, University of Copenhagen.

Bladinia fowleri from Belize (Photograph by Kimberley Shropshire, University of Delaware)

Bladinia fowleri from Belize (Photograph by Kimberley Shropshire, University of Delaware)

Synopsis of New World Nogodinidae (updated from O’Brien, unpublished)

Gastriniinae Fennah, 1987
Gastriniini Fennah, 1987

  • Gastrinia Stål, 1859: 319 (type species Gastrinia vaginata Stål, 1859: 319) (3 species? Gastrinia lacerdae (Signoret, 1861) syn of Gastrinia vaginata (Stål, 1859) by Fennah (1987): 365) – Brazil
Gastrinia vaginata

Gastrinia vaginata type specimen (from Gnezdilov 2017)

Nogodininae Schmidt 1912: 83
Nogodinini Schmidt 1912
Nogodinina Schmidt 1912 (sensu Fennah 1978).

  • Biolleyana Distant, 1909: 335 (type-species: Nogodina pictifrons Stål, 1864: 53) (3 species, Mesoamerica, northern South America).
  • Neovarcia Schmidt 1919: 161 (type-species: Varcia aequata Melichar, 1898) (apparently 2 species, Brazil).
  • Nogodina Stål 1859: 326 (type-species: Flata reticulata Fabricius 1803) (1 extant species, widespread in South and Mesoamerica, plus doubtfully included species from Taiwan).
  • Orthothyreus Schmidt 1919: 164 (type-species: Sassula apicalis Schmidt, 1905: 189) (Ecuador).
  • Varciopsis Jacobi 1916: 312 (type-species: Ricania trigutta Walker, 1858) (apparently 3 species, South America).

Vutinina Fennah, 1978

  • Vutina Stål, 1862: 70 (type-species: Flata atrata Fabricius, 1803) (5 species, tropical south America, reported Mesoamerica).

Bladinini Kirkaldy, 1907 (status Fennah, 1978).
Bladinina Kirkaldy, 1907 (Neotropical).

Colpopterinae Gnezdilov, 2003 (sensu Gnezdilov 2012).

  • Bumerangum Gnezdilov, 2012: 767 (type species Bumerangum deckerti Gnezdilov, 2012; monotypic, South Africa).
  • Caudibeccus Gnezdilov & O’Brien 2008: 22 (type species Colpoptera carlota Myers 1928; 5 species, Cuba, Bahamas, Dominica).
  • Colpoptera Burmeister, 1835: 155 (type species Colpoptera sinuata Burmeister, 1835: 155; 23 species, widespread Caribbean, Mesoamerica, northern South America).

Leptophara Stål, 1869: 102 (preoccupied; type species Flata rustica Fabricius, 1803: 53), replaced by Hesperophara Kirkaldy, 1904: 279; synonym by Gnezdilov & O’Brien (2008: 21).

  • Dozierana Gnezdilov, 2018 (Type species Thionia gibbicollis Dozier, 1931, monotypic, Haiti).
  • Jamaha Gnezdilov & O’Brien 2008: 24 (type species Colpoptera elevans Walker 1858) (2 species – Jamaica and Haiti).
  • Jatoba† Poinar, Vega & Stroinski, 2020 (type species Jatoba losbrachi† Poinar, Vega & Stroinski, 2020; monotypic, Dominican Amber)
  • Neocolpoptera Dozier 1931: 22 (type species Neocolpoptera portoricensis Dozier 1931:22; 5 species, Puerto Rico, Virgin Islands, Dominica).
  • Ugoa Fennah 1945: 505 (type species Ugoa glauca Fennah 1945: 505; monopasic, Trinidad).

Note: Gnezdilov et al. (2004) transferred Eupilis Walker, 1857: 93 (type species Eupilis albilineola Walker, 1857), Tempsa Stål, 1866: 208 (type species Issus malaya Stål 1854: 246), Gabaloeca Walker, 1870 (type species Gabaloeca retiferaWalker, 1870: 171 [monotypic]), and Cheiloceps Uhler 1895 (type species Cheiloceps musca Uhler, 1895: 68 [monotypic]), to Colpopterinae, but these were subsequently transferred to Issini [Issidae] by Gnezdilov (2012).

Colpoptera species from Florida (Image courtesy of Susan Halbert, FSCA).

Colpoptera species from Florida (Image courtesy of Susan Halbert, FSCA).

Selected Literature

Burmeister, H. C. C. 1835. Schnabelkerfe. Rhynchota. Fascicule 1. In: H.C.C. Burmeister. Handbuch der Entomologie 2: 99-183.

Caldwell, J.S. 1945. Notes on Issidae from Mexico (Homoptera, Fulgoroidea). Annals of the Entomological Society of America, 38: 89-120.

Caldwell, J.S. and L.F. Martorell. 1951. Review of the Auchenorynchous Homoptera of Puerto Rico. Part II. The Fulgoroidea except Kinnaridae. Journal of Agriculture of the University of Puerto Rico [1950], 34(2): 133-269.

Distant, W. L. 1909b. Rhynchotal notes xlviii. Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 8) 4: 73-87.

Distant, W. L. 1909e. New Malayan Rhynchota. Transactions of the Entomological Society of London 1909: 385-396.

Distant, W. L. 1909f. Rhynchotal notes. — XLIX. Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 8) 4: 320-338.

Dozier, H. L. 1931. New and interesting West Indian Homoptera. American Museum Novitates 510: 1-24.

Fabricius, J. C. 1803. Systema Rhyngotorum secundum ordines, genera, species, adiectis synonymis, locis, observationibus, descriptionibus. 1803: 314 pp.

Fennah, R. G. 1945. The Fulgoroidea, or lanternflies, of Trinidad and adjacent parts of South America. Proceedings of the United States National Museum 95: 411-520. [UgoaVarciopsis tenguelana described]

Fennah, R. G. 1952. A revision of Bladina Stål (Nogodinidae: Fulgoroidea). Journal of Natural History Series 12 5(58): 910-928.

Fennah, R. G. 1955. Lanternflies of the family lssidae of the Lesser Alltilles (Homoptera: Fulgoroidea). Proceedings of the United States National Museum 105: 23-47.

Fennah, R.G. 1965. New Species of Fulgoroidea (Homoptera) from the West Indies. Transactions of the Royal Entomological Society of London 117: 95-125.

Fennah, R. G. 1978. The higher classification of the Nogodinidae (Homoptera: Fulgoroidea) with a description of a new genus and species. Entomologist’s Monthly Magazine 113(1977): 113-120.

Fennah, R. G. 1984. Revisionary notes on the classification of the Nogodinidae (Homoptera, Fulgoroidea), with descriptions of a new genus and a new species. Entomologist’s Monthly Magazine 120: 81 86.

Fennah, R. G. 1987. A new subfamily of Nogodinidae (Homoptera: Fulgoroidea) with the description of a new species of Gastrinia. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 89(2): 363-366.

Fowler, W.W. 1900. Order Rhynchota. Suborder Hemiptera-Homoptera. (Continued). Key to the genera of the subfamily Ricaniinae and descriptions of the n. spp. of this subfamily and the family Derbidae. Biologia Centrali-Americana; contributions to the knowledge of the fauna and flora of Mexico and Central America 1: 57-76.

Gerstaecker, C.E.A. 1895. Ueber einige bemerkenswerthe Fulgorinen der Greifswalder zoologischen Sammlung. Mittheilungen des Naturwissenschaftlichen Vereines für Neu-Vorpommern und Rügen 27: 1-50.

Gnezdilov, V. M. 2003. A new tribe of the family Issidae with comments on the family as a whole (Homoptera: Cicadina). Zoosystematica Rossica 11(2): 305-309.

Gnezdilov, V. M. 2007. On the systematic positions of the Bladinini Kirkaldy, Tonginae Kirkaldy, and Trienopinae Fennah (Homoptera, Fulgoroidea). Zoosystematica Rossica 15: 293-297.

Gnezdilov, V. M. 2008. To the taxonomy of higher Fulgoroidea. Bulletin of Insectology 61: 119-120.

Gnezdilov, V. M. 2009. Revisionary notes on some tropical Issidae and Nogodinidae (Hemiptera: Fulgoroidea). Acta Entomologica Musei Nationalis Pragae 49: 75-92.

Gnezdilov, V. M. 2012. Revision of the tribe Colpopterini Gnezdilov, 2003 (Homoptera, Fulgoroidea: Nogodinidae). Entomologicheskoe Obozrenie 91(4): 757-774 [in Russian (how’s your Russian? (English))].

Gnezdilov, V. M. 2013. Contribution to the taxonomy of the family Tropiduchidae Stål (Hemiptera, Fulgoroidea) with description of two new tribes from Afrotropical Region. Deutsche Entomologische Zeitschrift 60(2): 179-191.

Gnezdilov, V. M. 2018. New genus for Thionia gibbicollis Dozier, 1931 (Hemiptera: Auchenorrhyncha: Fulgoroidea: Nogodinidae) from Haiti. Proceedings of the Zoological Institute RAS 322(4): 457-462

Gnezdilov, V. M., S. Drosopoulos and M. R. Wilson. 2004. New data on taxonomy and distribution of some Fulgoroidea (Homoptera, Cicadina). Zoosystematica Rossica 12(2): 217-223

Gnezdilov, V. M. and L. B. O’Brien. 2008. New taxa and combinations in Neotropical Issidae (Hemiptera: Fulgoroidea). Insecta Mundi 31: 1-26.

Jacobi, A. 1916. Kritische Bemerkungen über die Ricaniinae (Rhynchota Homoptera). Deutsche entomologische Zeitschrift 1915: 299-314.

Kirkaldy, G. W. 1904. Bibliographical and nomenclatorial notes on the Hemiptera No. 3. Entomologist 37: 279-283.

Kirkaldy, G. W. 1907. Leafhoppers supplement (Hemiptera). Bulletin of the Experiment Station of the Hawaiian Sugar Planters’ Association, Entomological Series 3:1-186, plus 20 plates.

Kramer, J. P. 1976. Revision of the Neotropical planthoppers of the genus Bladina (Homoptera: Fulgoroidea: Nogodinidae). Transactions of the American Entomological Society 102: 1-40.

Lallemand, V. & H. Synave. 1952. Contribution à l’étude des Homoptères. II. Détermination d’Homoptères de l’Institut royal des Sciences naturelles de Belgique. Bulletin de l’Institut Royal des Sciences Naturelles de Belgique 28(29): 1-28.

Lethierry, L. F. 1890. Voyage de M. E. Simon au Venezuela (Décembre 1887-Avril 1888) 9e mémoire Hémiptères Homoptères. Annales de la Société Entomologique de France (Ser. 6) 10: 147-160.

Matsumura, S. 1938. Homopterous insects collected by Mr. Tadao Kano at Kotosho, Formosa. Insecta Matsumurana 12: 147-153.

Melichar, L. 1898. Vorläufige Beschreibnungen neuer Ricaniiden. Verhandlungen der Kaiserlich-Königlichen Zoologisch-botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien 48: 384-400.

Melichar, L. 1915. Monographie der Lophopinen. Annales Historico-Naturales Musei Nationalis Hungarici 13: 337-385.

Melichar, L. 1923. Homoptera; fam. Acanaloniidae, Flatidae et Ricaniidae. Genera Insectorum 182: 1-185.

Metcalf, Z. P. 1938. The Fulgorina of Barro Colorado and other parts of Panama. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard College 82: 277-423. [Available from]

Metcalf, Z. P. 1954. General Catalogue of the Hemiptera. Fascicle IV, Fulgoroidea, Part 12 Nogodinidae. North Carolina State University, Raleigh, North Carolina. 74 pp.

Metcalf, Z.P. 1958. General Catalogue of the Homoptera, Fascicle IV, Fulgoroidea. Part 15. Issidae.  North Carolina State College, Raleigh, NC. p. 1-561.

Muir, F.A.G. 1924. New and little-known Fulgorids from the West Indies (Homoptera). Proceedings of the Hawaiian Entomological Society 5: 461-472.

Myers, J. G. 1928. Notes on Cuban Fulgoroid Homoptera. Studies on Cuban insects. 1928: 11-31 (Cambridge, Harvard University Press).

O’Brien, L.B. 1988. Taxonomic changes in North American Issidae (Homoptera: Fulgoroidea). Annals of the Entomological Society of America 81(6): 865-869.

Osborn, H. 1935. Insects of Porto Rico and the Virgin Islands. Homoptera (exclusive of Sternorhynchi). Scientific Survey of Porto Rico and the Virgin Islands  14: 111-260.

Penny, N. D. and L. B. O’Brien. 2000. A synopsis of the Neotropical Nogodinidae (Hemiptera; Fulgoromorpha). In: Abstract book I – XXI-International Congress of Entomology, Brazil, August 20-26, 2000. P. 913.

Poinar, G., F.E. Vega & A. Stroinski. 2020. Jatoba gen. nov. (Hemiptera: Fulgoromorpha: Nogodinidae), a new genus of planthoppers from Dominican amber. Historical Biology

Petrulevicius, J. F. 2005. A plant hopper (Nogodinidae) from the Upper Palaeocene of Argentina: Systematics and taxonomy. Palaeontology 48(2): 299-308.

Petrulevicius, J. F. 2011. Paleogene insects from Maíz Gordo Formation, northwest Argentina: taphonomy, diversity and paleobiogeography. In: J.A. Salfity and R.A. Marquillas (eds.). Cenozoic Geology of the Central Andes of Argentina. SCS Publisher, Salta, Argentina. Pp. 337-347.

Schmidt, E. 1905. Die Ricaniiden des Stettiner Museums. Entomologische Zeitung (Stettin) 66: 168-198.

Schmidt, E. 1912. Diagnosen neuer Fulgoriden-Gattungen und Arten nebst einigen bemerkungen. Entomologische Zeitung.Herausgegeben von dem entomologischen Vereine zu Stettin 73: 67-102.

Schmidt, E. 1919. Zur Kenntnis der Ricaniinae (Rhynchota Homoptera) I und II. Entomologische Zeitung. Herausgegeben von dem entomologischen Vereine zu Stettin 80: 132-175.

Solórzano Kraemer, M. M. and J. F. Petrulevičius. 2007. A new planthopper (Insecta: Hemiptera: Nogodinidae) from Chiapas amber, middle Miocene of Mexico. Geobios 40: 827-832.

Song, N. and A. P. Liang. 2013. A preliminary molecular phylogeny of planthoppers (Hemiptera: Fulgoroidea) based on nuclear and mitochondrial DNA sequences. PLOS One 8(3): e58400.

Stål, C. 1859. Novae quaedam Fulgorinorum formae speciesque insigniores. Berliner Entomologische Zeitschrift 3: 313-327.

Stål, C. 1862. Bidrag till Rio de Janeiro-tratkens Hemipterfauna.II. Handlingar. Kongliga Svenska Vetenskaps Akademien 3(6): 1-75.

Stål, C. 1864. Hemiptera mexicana enumeravit speciesque novas descripsit. (Continuatio). Entomologische Zeitung. Herausgegeben von dem entomologischen Vereine zu Stettin 25: 49-86.

Stål, C. 1866. Hemiptera Homoptera Latr. Hemiptera Africana 4: 1-276.

Stål, C. 1869. Hemiptera Fabriciana. Fabricianska Hemipterarter, efter de Köpenhamn och Kiel förvarade typexemplaren granskade och beskrifne. 2. Handlingar. Kongliga Svenska Vetenskaps Akademien. Stockholm 8(1): 1-130.

Stroinski, A. and J. Szwedo. 2000. Tonacatecutlius gibsoni gen. and sp nov from the Oligocene/Miocene Mexican amber (Hemiptera : Fulgoromorpha : Nogodinidae). Annales Zoologici 50(3): 341-345.

Szwedo, J. and A. Stroiński. 1999. Redescription of Tritophania patruelis Jacobi, 1938 from Eocene Baltic amber (Hemiptera: Nogodinidae). Annales Zoologici 49(3): 203-207.

Szwedo, J. and A. Stroiński. 2001. Tainosia quisqueyae gen. and sp. nov. from the Oligocene/Miocene Dominican amber (Hemiptera: Fulgoroidea: Nogodinidae). Genus (Wrocaw) 12(1): 29-34.

Uhler, P. R. 1895. An enumeration of the Hemiptera-Homoptera of the Island of St. Vincent, W. I. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London. London 55-84.

Urban, J. M. and J. R. Cryan. 2007. Evolution of the planthoppers (Insecta: Hemiptera: Fulgoroidea). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 42: 556-772.

Van Duzee, E.P. 1907. Notes on Jamaican Hemiptera: A report on a collection of Hemiptera made on the Island of Jamaica in the spring of 1906. Bulletin of the Buffalo Society of Natural Sciences 8(5): 3-79.

Wolcott G. N. 1936. “Insectae Borenquenses.” A revised annotated check-list of the insects of Puerto Rico. Journal of Agriculture of the University of Puerto Rico 20: 1-600.

Walker, F. 1851. List of the specimens of Homopterous insects in the collection of the British Museum. 2: 261-636.

Walker, F. 1857. Catalogue of the Homopterous insects collected at Singapore and Malacca by Mr. A. R. Wallace, with descriptions of new species. Journal of the Proceedings of the Linnean Society 1: 82-100.

Walker, F. 1858. Supplement. List of the specimens of Homopterous Insects in the collection of the British Museum 1858: 1-307.

Walker, F. 1870. Catalogue of the Homopterous insects collected in the Indian Archipelago by Mr. A. R. Wallace, with descriptions of new species. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 10: 82-193.

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