North American Nogodinidae


Nogodinidae from Tiskita Jungle Lodge in Costa Rica (Biolleyana sp. poss. costalis); photo by Brian Cutting, University of Delaware, Department of Entomology)

The Nogodinidae are a poorly defined group.  The phylogenetic analyses of Urban and Cryan (2007) indicates that Nogodinidae as currently defined are polyphyletic (as does Song and Liang 2013), and in recent years several planthopper taxa of uncertain affinities have been moved to Nogodinidae (including the Tonginae from the Acanaloniidae; Gnezdilov 2007, 2008, and Colpopterini Gnezdilov 2003 [by Gnezdilov 2012]). Nogodinia is Neotropical, and so Nogodinidae in the strict sense are Neotropical, but as currently comprised, Nogodinidae includes Old World taxa whose affinities need formal phylogenetic examination.

Fennah (1978) revised the higher classification of Nogodinidae, but defined the family differently than modern authorities.  Later, Fennah (1984) removed a series of North American genera (Bladinini subtribe Gaetuliina) from Issidae to Nogodinidae. Gaetuliini (sensu Gnezdilov 2007) include 10 genera and 62 species north of Mexico [2 Gaetuliini occur in Mexico but not the US], all of which are southwestern, with 8 genera and 55 species from California. Gnezdilov (2007) moved the Gaetuliini to the Tropiduchidae, leaving no taxa in this family north of Mexico, but subsequently (2012) moved Colpopterini from Issidae [as Colpopterinae], which includes a single adventive species from Florida. The Gaetuliini were subsequently subsumed  under Elicini Melichar, 1915 (Tropiduchidae) (Gnezdilov 2013).

Neotropical Nogodinidae can be best recognized using the key in Metcalf (1938).  The common Neotropical genus Bladina was revised by Kramer (1976).


Type specimen of Nogodinia reticulata (Fabricius 1803) from the Fabricius collection.  Photo courtesy Niels Kristensen, Natural History Museum of Denmark, University of Copenhagen.

Bladinia fowleri from Belize (Photograph by Kimberley Shropshire, University of Delaware)

Bladinia fowleri from Belize (Photograph by Kimberley Shropshire, University of Delaware)

Synopsis of Neotropical Nogodinidae (from O’Brien, unpublished)

Gastriniinae Fennah, 1987
Gastriniini Fennah, 1987

  • Gastrinia Stål, 1859: 319 (type species Gastrinia vaginata Stål, 1859: 319) (3 species? Gastrinia lacerdae (Signoret, 1861) syn of Gastrinia vaginata (Stål, 1859) by Fennah (1987): 365)

Nogodininae Schmidt 1912: 83
Nogodinini Schmidt 1912
Nogodinina Schmidt 1912 (sensu Fennah 1978).

Vutinina Fennah, 1978

  • Vutina Stål, 1862: 70 (type-species: Flata atrata Fabricius, 1803) (6 species).

Bladinini Kirkaldy, 1907 (status Fennah, 1978).
Bladinina Kirkaldy, 1907 (Neotropical).

Colpopterinae Gnezdilov, 2003 (sensu Gnezdilov 2012).

  • Bumerangum Gnezdilov, 2012: 767 (type species Bumerangum deckerti Gnezdilov, 2012; [South Africa])
  • Caudibeccus Gnezdilov & O’Brien 2008: 22 (type species Colpoptera carlota Myers 1928)
  • Colpoptera Burmeister, 1835: 155 (type species Colpoptera sinuata Burmeister, 1835: 155) = Leptophara Stål, 1869: 102 (preoccupied; type species Flata rustica Fabricius, 1803: 53), replaced by Hesperophara Kirkaldy, 1904: 279; synonym by Gnezdilov & O’Brien (2008: 21).
  • Dozierana Gnezdilov, 2018 (Type species Thionia gibbicollis Dozier, 1931, monotypic, Haiti)
  • Jamaha Gnezdilov & O’Brien 2008: 24 (type species Colpoptera elevans Walker 1858).
  • Neocolpoptera Dozier 1931: 22 (type species Neocolpoptera portoricensis Dozier 1931:22).
  • Ugoa Fennah 1945: 505 (type species Ugoa glauca Fennah 1945: 505).

Note: Gnezdilov et al. (2004) transferred Eupilis Walker, 1857: 93 (type species Eupilis albilineola Walker, 1857), Tempsa Stål, 1866: 208 (type species Issus malaya Stål 1854: 246), Gabaloeca Walker, 1870 (type species Gabaloeca retiferaWalker, 1870: 171 [monotypic]), and Cheiloceps Uhler 1895 (type species Cheiloceps musca Uhler, 1895: 68 [monotypic]), to Colpopterinae, but these were subsequently transferred to Issini [Issidae] by Gnezdilov (2012).

Colpoptera species from Florida (Image courtesy of Susan Halbert, FSCA).

Colpoptera species from Florida (Image courtesy of Susan Halbert, FSCA).

Selected Literature:

 [still some things to add]

Burmeister, H. C. C. 1835. Schnabelkerfe. Rhynchota. Fascicule 1. In: H.C.C. Burmeister. Handbuch der Entomologie 2: 99-183.

Distant, W. L. 1909b. Rhynchotal notes xlviii. Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 8) 4: 73-87.

Distant, W. L. 1909e. New Malayan Rhynchota. Transactions of the Entomological Society of London 1909: 385-396.

Distant, W. L. 1909f. Rhynchotal notes. — XLIX. Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 8) 4: 320-338.

Dozier, H. L. 1931. New and interesting West Indian Homoptera. American Museum Novitates 510: 1-24.

Fabricius, J. C. 1803. Systema Rhyngotorum secundum ordines, genera, species, adiectis synonymis, locis, observationibus, descriptionibus. 1803: 314 pp.

Fennah, R. G. 1945. The Fulgoroidea, or lanternflies, of Trinidad and adjacent parts of South America. Proceedings of the United States National Museum 95: 411-520. [UgoaVarciopsis tenguelana described]

Fennah, R. G. 1952. A revision of Bladina Stål (Nogodinidae: Fulgoroidea). Journal of Natural History Series 12 5(58): 910-928.

Fennah, R. G. 1978. The higher classification of the Nogodinidae (Homoptera: Fulgoroidea) with a description of a new genus and species. Entomologist’s Monthly Magazine 113(1977): 113-120.

Fennah, R. G. 1984. Revisionary notes on the classification of the Nogodinidae (Homoptera, Fulgoroidea), with descriptions of a new genus and a new species. Entomologist’s Monthly Magazine 120: 81 86.

Fennah, R. G. 1987. A new subfamily of Nogodinidae (Homoptera: Fulgoroidea) with the description of a new species of Gastrinia. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 89(2): 363-366.

Gnezdilov, V. M. 2003. A new tribe of the family Issidae with comments on the family as a whole (Homoptera: Cicadina). Zoosystematica Rossica 11(2): 305-309.

Gnezdilov, V. M. 2007. On the systematic positions of the Bladinini Kirkaldy, Tonginae Kirkaldy, and Trienopinae Fennah (Homoptera, Fulgoroidea). Zoosystematica Rossica 15: 293-297.

Gnezdilov, V. M. 2008. To the taxonomy of higher Fulgoroidea. Bulletin of Insectology 61: 119-120.

Gnezdilov, V. M. 2009. Revisionary notes on some tropical Issidae and Nogodinidae (Hemiptera: Fulgoroidea). Acta Entomologica Musei Nationalis Pragae 49: 75-92.

Gnezdilov, V. M. 2012. Revision of the tribe Colpopterini Gnezdilov, 2003 (Homoptera, Fulgoroidea: Nogodinidae). Entomologicheskoe Obozrenie 91(4): 757-774 [in Russian (how’s your Russian?)].

Gnezdilov, V. M. 2013. Contribution to the taxonomy of the family Tropiduchidae Stål (Hemiptera, Fulgoroidea) with description of two new tribes from Afrotropical Region. Deutsche Entomologische Zeitschrift 60(2): 179-191.

Gnezdilov, V. M. 2018. New genus for Thionia gibbicollis Dozier, 1931 (Hemiptera: Auchenorrhyncha: Fulgoroidea: Nogodinidae) from Haiti. Proceedings of the Zoological Institute RAS 322(4): 457-462

Gnezdilov, V. M., S. Drosopoulos and M. R. Wilson. 2004. New data on taxonomy and distribution of some Fulgoroidea (Homoptera, Cicadina). Zoosystematica Rossica 12(2): 217-223

Gnezdilov, V. M. and L. B. O’Brien. 2008. New taxa and combinations in Neotropical Issidae (Hemiptera: Fulgoroidea). Insecta Mundi 31: 1-26.

Jacobi, A. 1916. Kritische Bemerkungen über die Ricaniinae (Rhynchota Homoptera). Deutsche entomologische Zeitschrift 1915: 299-314.

Kirkaldy, G. W. 1904. Bibliographical and nomenclatorial notes on the Hemiptera No. 3. Entomologist 37: 279-283.

Kirkaldy, G. W. 1907. Leafhoppers supplement (Hemiptera). Bulletin of the Experiment Station of the Hawaiian Sugar Planters’ Association, Entomological Series 3:1-186, plus 20 plates.

Kramer, J. P. 1976. Revision of the Neotropical planthoppers of the genus Bladina (Homoptera: Fulgoroidea: Nogodinidae). Transactions of the American Entomological Society 102: 1-40.

Lethierry, L. F. 1890. Voyage de M. E. Simon au Venezuela (Décembre 1887-Avril 1888) 9e mémoire Hémiptères Homoptères. Annales de la Société Entomologique de France (Ser. 6) 10: 147-160.

Melichar, L. 1898. Vorläufige Beschreibnungen neuer Ricaniiden. Verhandlungen der Kaiserlich-Königlichen Zoologisch-botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien 48: 384-400.

Melichar, L. 1915. Monographie der Lophopinen. Annales Historico-Naturales Musei Nationalis Hungarici 13: 337-385 [379].

Metcalf, Z. P. 1938. The Fulgorina of Barro Colorado and other parts of Panama. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard College 82: 277-423. [Available from]

Metcalf, Z. P. 1954. General Catalogue of the Hemiptera. Fascicle IV, Fulgoroidea, Part 12 Nogodinidae. North Carolina State University, Raleigh, North Carolina. 74 pp.

Myers, J. G. 1928. Notes on Cuban Fulgoroid Homoptera. Studies on Cuban insects. 1928: 11-31 (Cambridge, Harvard University Press).

Penny, N. D. and L. B. O’Brien. 2000. A synopsis of the Neotropical Nogodinidae (Hemiptera; Fulgoromorpha). In: Abstract book I – XXI-International Congress of Entomology, Brazil, August 20-26, 2000. P. 913.

Petrulevicius, J. F. 2005. A plant hopper (Nogodinidae) from the Upper Palaeocene of Argentina: Systematics and taxonomy. Palaeontology 48(2): 299-308.

Petrulevicius, J. F. 2011. Paleogene insects from Maíz Gordo Formation, northwest Argentina: taphonomy, diversity and paleobiogeography. In: J.A. Salfity and R.A. Marquillas (eds.). Cenozoic Geology of the Central Andes of Argentina. SCS Publisher, Salta, Argentina. Pp. 337-347.

Schmidt, E. 1905. Die Ricaniiden des Stettiner Museums. Entomologische Zeitung (Stettin) 66: 168-198.

Schmidt, E. 1912. Diagnosen neuer Fulgoriden-Gattungen und Arten nebst einigen bemerkungen. Entomologische Zeitung.Herausgegeben von dem entomologischen Vereine zu Stettin 73: 67-102.

Schmidt, E. 1919. Zur Kenntnis der Ricaniinae (Rhynchota Homoptera) I und II. Entomologische Zeitung. Herausgegeben von dem entomologischen Vereine zu Stettin 80: 132-175.

Solórzano Kraemer, M. M. and J. F. Petrulevičius. 2007. A new planthopper (Insecta: Hemiptera: Nogodinidae) from Chiapas amber, middle Miocene of Mexico. Geobios 40: 827-832.

Song, N. and A. P. Liang. 2013. A preliminary molecular phylogeny of planthoppers (Hemiptera: Fulgoroidea) based on nuclear and mitochondrial DNA sequences. PLOS One 8(3): e58400.

Stål, C. 1859. Novae quaedam Fulgorinorum formae speciesque insigniores. Berliner Entomologische Zeitschrift 3: 313-327.

Stål, C. 1862. Bidrag till Rio de Janeiro-tratkens Hemipterfauna.II. Handlingar. Kongliga Svenska Vetenskaps Akademien 3(6): 1-75.

Stål, C. 1864. Hemiptera mexicana enumeravit speciesque novas descripsit. (Continuatio). Entomologische Zeitung. Herausgegeben von dem entomologischen Vereine zu Stettin 25: 49-86.

Stål, C. 1866. Hemiptera Homoptera Latr. Hemiptera Africana 4: 1-276.

Stål, C. 1869. Hemiptera Fabriciana. Fabricianska Hemipterarter, efter de Köpenhamn och Kiel förvarade typexemplaren granskade och beskrifne. 2. Handlingar. Kongliga Svenska Vetenskaps Akademien. Stockholm 8(1): 1-130.

Stroinski, A. and J. Szwedo. 2000. Tonacatecutlius gibsoni gen. and sp nov from the Oligocene/Miocene Mexican amber (Hemiptera : Fulgoromorpha : Nogodinidae). Annales Zoologici 50(3): 341-345.

Szwedo, J. and A. Stroiński. 1999. Redescription of Tritophania patruelis Jacobi, 1938 from Eocene Baltic amber (Hemiptera: Nogodinidae). Annales Zoologici 49(3): 203-207.

Szwedo, J. and A. Stroiński. 2001. Tainosia quisqueyae gen. and sp. nov. from the Oligocene/Miocene Dominican amber (Hemiptera: Fulgoroidea: Nogodinidae). Genus (Wrocaw) 12(1): 29-34.

Uhler, P. R. 1895. An enumeration of the Hemiptera-Homoptera of the Island of St. Vincent, W. I. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London. London 55-84.

Urban, J. M. and J. R. Cryan. 2007. Evolution of the planthoppers (Insecta: Hemiptera: Fulgoroidea). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 42: 556-772.

Walker, F. 1851. List of the specimens of Homopterous insects in the collection of the British Museum. 2: 261-636.

Walker, F. 1857. Catalogue of the Homopterous insects collected at Singapore and Malacca by Mr. A. R. Wallace, with descriptions of new species. Journal of the Proceedings of the Linnean Society 1: 82-100.

Walker, F. 1858. Supplement. List of the specimens of Homopterous Insects in the collection of the British Museum 1858: 1-307.

Walker, F. 1870. Catalogue of the Homopterous insects collected in the Indian Archipelago by Mr. A. R. Wallace, with descriptions of new species. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 10: 82-193.

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