Genus Tylanira Ball, 1936

Genus Tylanira Ball, 1936
Type species (in original combination): 

Tylanira bifurca Ball, 1936.

Synonyms:

None.

Distribution:

Southwestern US and Mexico.

Recognized species

There are two species currently assigned to this genus.

Tylanira bifurca Ball, 1936 – USA: AZ, TX; Mexico (Coahuila)

Tylanira ustulata (Uhler, 1876) – USA: AZ, CO, NM; Mexico (Tiburón Island)
Tylana ustulata Uhler, 1876: 354. = Hysteropterum ustulata (Uhler, 1876); comb. by O’Brien 1988a: 868.
Hysteropterum morum Van Duzee, 1923: 191; syn. by O’Brien 1988a: 868.
Tylanira ustulata (Uhler, 1876); comb. by Gnezdilov & O’Brien 2006b: 223.

Economic Importance:

Limited.

Known host plants:
  • Tylanira bifurca – Prosopis sp. (mesquite, Fabaceae)
  • Tylanira ustulata – Prosopis juliflora (Sw.) DC.

Hosts from Wilson et al. 1994; plant names from USDA PLANTS or Tropicos.

Recognition:

Hind wings absent or rudimentary, body elongate (not rounded as in Paralixes), wings not strongly reticulate; intermediate carinae of front present, raised; Vertex deeply emarginate at apex forming lateral triangular projections inclined upward.

TylanirabifurcaDV-0088 Tylanirabifurcafrons0090

Tylanira bifurca (photographs by Kimberley Shropshire, University of Delaware)

Tylanira bifurca (photographs by Kimberley Shropshire, University of Delaware)

Online resources

This genus is not present on Bugguide.

Arizona state (Flickr).

Collecting

Adults are evidently taken sweeping or beating.

Molecular resources:

There are no data for this genus on Genbank; Barcode of Life has data for Tylanira ustulata.

Selected references:

Ball, E. D. 1936. Some new Issidae, with notes on others-(Homoptera-Fulgoridae). Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 49: 155-157.

Bartlett, C. R., L. B. O’Brien and S. W. Wilson. 2014. A review of the planthoppers (Hemiptera: Fulgoroidea) of the United States. Memoirs of the American Entomological Society 50: 1-287.

Caldwell, J. S. 1945. Notes on Issidae from Mexico (Homoptera: Fulgoroidea). Annals of the Entomological Society of America 38: 89-120.

Doering. K. C. 1938. A contribution to the taxonomy of the subfamily Issinae in America north of Mexico (Fulgoroidea: Homoptera. Part II. University of Kansas Science Bulletin 25(20): 447-575.

Gnezdilov, V. M. 2016. Notes on the phylogenetic relationships of planthoppers of the family Issidae (Hemiptera, Fulgoroidea) of the Western Palaearctic fauna, with descriptions of two new genera. Entomologicheskoe Obozrenie 95(2): 362-382.

Gnezdilov, V. M. and L. B. O’Brien. 2006. Generic changes in United States Issini (Hemiptera, Fulgoroidea, Issidae). Insecta Mundi 20(3-4): 217-225.

Metcalf, Z. P. 1958. General Catalogue of the Homoptera. Fascicle IV, Fulgoroidea, Part 15, Issidae. Waverly Press, Inc., Baltimore, Maryland.

O’Brien, L. B. 1988. Taxonomic changes in North American Issidae (Homoptera: Fulgoroidea). Annals of the Entomological Society of America 81(6): 865-869.

Spinola, M. 1839a. Essai sur les Fulgorelles, sous-tribu de la tribu des Cicadaires, ordre des Rhyngotes. Annales de la Société Entomologique de France 8: 133-337.

Spinola, M. 1839b. Essai sur les Fulgorelles, sous-tribu de la tribu des Cicadaires, ordre des Rhyngotes. (Suite). Annales de la Société Entomologique de France 8: 339-454.

Uhler, P. R. 1876. List of Hemiptera of the Region West of the Mississippi River, including those collected during the Hayden Exploration of 1873. Bulletin of the United States Geological and Geographical Survey of the Territories 1(5): 269-361.

Van Duzee, E. P. 1923. Expedition of the California Academy of Sciences to the Gulf of California in 1921 – The Hemiptera (True Bugs, etc.). Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 4) 12: 123-200.

Wang, M.L., Y.L. Zhang and T. Bourgoin. 2016. Planthopper family Issidae (Insecta: Hemiptera: Fulgoromorpha): Linking molecular phylogeny with classification. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 105:224-234.

Ward, C. R., C. W. O’Brien, L. B. O’Brien, D. E. Foster and E. W. Huddleston. 1977. Annotated checklist of New World insects associated with Prosopis (Mesquite). USDA Technical Bulletin Number 1557. Pp. i-v, 1-115.

Wilson, S. W., C. Mitter, R. F. Denno and M. R. Wilson. 1994. Evolutionary patterns of host plant use by delphacid planthoppers and their relatives. In: R. F. Denno and T. J. Perfect, (eds.). Planthoppers: Their Ecology and Management. Chapman and Hall, New York. Pp. 7-45 & Appendix.

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