Genus Calyptoproctus Spinola, 1839

[Back to North American Fulgoridae]

Family Fulgoridae Latreille, 1807

Subfamily Poiocerinae Haupt, 1929

Tribe Poiocerini Haupt, 1929

Subtribe Calyptoproctina Metcalf, 1938

Genus Calyptoproctus Spinola, 1839: 266.

Type species (in original combination): Fulgora elegans Olivier, 1788.


None (although Metcalf 1947 lists several misspellings).


Southern US, Central America to South America (?)

Distribution of Calyptoproctus from FLOW 2 Jan 2021

Distribution of Calyptoproctus from FLOW (as of 2 Jan 2021).

Recognized species

This genus has 10 species, only one of which is found north of Mexico (and the placement of that species is in doubt). [see Metcalf 1947: 65]

Calyptoproctus aridus Stål, 1869: 88 – “South America”
Calyptoproctus coloratus Distant, 1906: 196 – Ecuador
Calyptoproctus confusus Distant, 1906: 195 – Mexico, Guatemala
Calyptoproctus elegans (Olivier, 1791) – Surinam, Brazil, French Guiana, Honduras
= Fulgora elegans Stoll, 1788: 81. (I think this work may be suppressed)
= Fulgora elegans Olivier, 1791: 574.
= [Lystra] elegans (Olivier), comb. by Germar, 1830: 54.
= [Poiocera elegans (Olivier)], comb. by Burmeister, 1835: 165.
= Calyptoproctus elegans (Olivier), comb. by Spinola, 1839: 269.
Calyptoproctus exsiccatus (Stål, 1854) – Brazil
= L[ystra] exsiccata Stal, 1854: 245.
= C[alyploproctus] exsiccatus (Stal, 1854), comb. by Stal, 1862: 304.
Calyptoproctus fuscipennis Distant, 1906: 197 – Ecuador
Calyptoproctus guttipes (Walker, 1858) – Mexico
= Poiocera guttipes Walker, 1858: 50.
= Calyptoproctus guttipes (Walker, 1858), comb. by Stål 1862: 486.
Calyptoproctus marmoratus Spinola, 1839: 271 – USA: AL, AZ, FL, GA, MS, NC, NM, OK, SC, TN, TX, UT, VA
Crepusia glauca Metcalf, 1923: 173; syn. by Ball 1933b: 145 (error?).
Alphina glauca auctt. (“auctorum”, i.e., in the sense of subsequent authors)
Calyptoproctus stigma (Fabricius, 1803)- Brazil, Guatemala
= Lystra stigma Fabricius, 1803: 58.
= Calyptoproctus stigma (Fabricius, 1803), comb. by Stål 1869: 87.
= Calyptoproctus lystroides Spinola, 1839: 269 synonym by Stål 1869: 88.
Calyptoproctus weyrauchi Lallemand, 1956 – Peru, French Guiana

Note: Because the type specimen of Alphina glauca (Metcalf, 1923), is misplaced, it is not possible to determine whether this species is the same as Calyptoproctus marmoratus Spinola, 1839 (see note at Alphina).  This problem is the subject of an ongoing study.  Eastern specimens are interpreted as beingC alyptoproctus marmoratus.

Economic Importance


Plant associations

None reported (but possibly on trunks of deciduous trees).

Host from Wilson et al. (1994); plant names from USDA PLANTS or Tropicos.


Calyptoproctus marmoratus can be recognized from other North American forms by head not strongly produced, head with eyes narrower than pronotum; transverse carina at the posterior margin of pronotum; sides of frons not parallel, widened in distinct lobe just above clypeal suture; ninth abdominal tergite of female elongate, medially carinate, usually hiding tenth and eleventh; forewings almost translucent, mottled with dark and clear areas.  The distinctions between Calyptoproctus marmoratus and Alphina glauca are not entirely clear.

Calyptoproctus marmoratus

Calyptoproctus marmoratus (Eastern US)

Calyptoproctus sp. (Costa Rica)

Calyptoproctus sp. (Costa Rica)


Calyptoproctus sp. (Peru)

Calytoproctus fuscipennis_TPopp-1

Calytoproctus fuscipennis (Image by Tanja Popp, Wiki here)

Calyptoproctus sp. (from Costa Rica; photo by Sara Laskowski, University of Delaware)

Calyptoproctus sp. (from Costa Rica; photo by Sara Laskowski, University of Delaware)

Online resources

Cahurel entomologie (4 species pictured – aridus, coloratus, stigma, weyrauchi)
Discover Life.
Hoppers of North Carolina.


“Calyptoproctus marmoratus” comes to lights.  It may be possible to find this genus on the trunks of trees. Calyptoproctus in the Neotropics come readily to lights, but I have seldom collected this genus in other circumstances.

Molecular resources

Genbank has several genes for Calyptoproctus sp.; Barcode of life has data for C. marmoratus and C. elegans.

Selected references

Bartlett, C. R., L. B. O’Brien and S. W. Wilson. 2014. A review of the planthoppers (Hemiptera: Fulgoroidea) of the United States. Memoirs of the American Entomological Society 50: 1-287.

Burmeister, H. 1835. Handbuch der Entomologie. Berlin, G. Reimer 2(1): 1-396.

Distant, W. L. 1906. Rhynchotal notes xxxix. Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) 18: 191-208.

Dozier, H. L. 1928 [dated 1922 or 1926]. The Fulgoridae or planthoppers of Mississippi, including those of possible occurrence. Technical Bulletin of the Mississippi Agricultural Experiment Station 14: 1-152.

Fabricius J. C. 1803. Rhyngota. In: Fabricius J. C. 1803. Systema Rhyngotorum secundum ordines, genera, species, adiectis synonymis, locis, observationibus, descriptionibus, 1803. p. 1-101.

Fick, W. 1985. Zur Morphologie und histologie des Darmtraktes von Hyalodictyon truncatum, Calyptoproctus elegans und Fulgora laternaria (Homoptera, Auchenorrhyncha, Fulgoromorpha). Mitteilungen der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Allgemeine und Angewandte Entomologie 4(4-6): 180-183.

Germar, E. F. 1830. Species Cicadarium enumeratae et sub genera distributae. Thon’s Entomologisches Archiv 2(2): 1-57.

Goemans, G. 2006. The Fulgoridae (Hemiptera Fulgoromorpha) of Guatemala. In: E. B. Cano. Biodiversidad de Guatemala, 1. Universidad del Valle de Guatemala, Guatemala (Guatemala). p. 337-344.

Haupt, H. 1929b. Neueinteilung der Homoptera-Cicadina nach phylogenetisch zu wertenden Merkmalen. Zoologische Jahrbücher. Abteilung für Systemetik, Okologie und Geographie der Tiere. Jena 58: 173-286.

Hoffman, R. L. 2004. Calyptoproctus marmoratus, a striking planthopper, arrives in Virginia from parts south (Homoptera: Fulgoridae). Banisteria 23: 48-49.

Lallemand, V. 1956. Contribution à l’étude des Fulgoridae (Hemiptera) (1re note). Bulletin de l’Institut Royal des Sciences Naturelles de Belgique XXXII(39): 1-7.

Latreille, P. A. 1807. Sectio secunda. Familia quarta. Cicadariae. Cicadaires. Genera Crustaceorum et Insectorum secundum ordinem naturalem in familias disposita, iconibus exemplisque plurimis explicata 3: 1-258.

Metcalf, Z. P. 1938. The Fulgorina of Barro Colorado and other parts of Panama. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard Coll. 82: 277-423.

Metcalf, Z. P. 1947. General Catalogue of the Homoptera. Fascicle IV Fulgoroidea. Part 9 Fulgoridae. Smith College, Northhampton, Massachusetts. (see p. 65)

Olivier, G. A. 1791. Fulgore, Fulgora. Encyclopedie méthodique. Histoire naturelle des animaux. Insectes 6: 561-577.

Porion, T. 1994. Fulgoridae I: catalogue illustre de la faune americaine. Sciences Nat, Venette.

Spinola, M. 1839. Essai sur les Fulgorelles, sous-tribu de la tribu des Cicadaires, ordre des Rhyngotes. Annales de la Société Entomologique de France 8: 133-337. (p. 266)

Stål, C. 1854. Nya Hemiptera. Ofversigt af Kongliga Svenska Vetenskaps-Akademiens Förhandlingar 11: 231-255.

Stål, C. 1862a. Novae vel minus cognitae Homopterorum formae et species. Berliner Entomologische Zeitschrift 6: 303-315.

Stål, C. 1862b. Synonymiska och systematiska anteckningar öfver Hemiptera. Öfversigt af Kongliga Svenska Vetenskaps-Akademiens Förhandlingar 19: 479-504.

Stål, C. 1869. Hemiptera Fabriciana. Fabricianska Hemipterarter, efter de Köpenhamn och Kiel förvarade typexemplaren granskade och beskrifne. 2. Handlingar. Kongliga Svenska Vetenskaps Akademien 8(1): 1-130.

Urban J. M. and J. R. Cryan. 2009. Entomologically famous, evolutionarily unexplored: The first phylogeny of the lanternfly family Fulgoridae (Insecta: Hemiptera: Fulgoroidea). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 50: 471-484.

Walker, F. 1858. Supplement. List of the specimens of Homopterous insects in the collection of the British Museum. [Published by] Order of Trustees, London. 307 pp. (see p. 288)

Wilson, S. W., C. Mitter, R. F. Denno and M. R. Wilson. 1994. Evolutionary patterns of host plant use by delphacid planthoppers and their relatives. In: R. F. Denno and T. J. Perfect, (eds.). Planthoppers: Their Ecology and Management. Chapman and Hall, New York. Pp. 7-45 & Appendix.

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