Genus Yucanda Ball and Hartzell, 1922

[Back to North American Dictyopharidae]

Family Dictyopharidae Spinola, 1839

Subfamily Orgeriinae Fieber, 1872

Tribe Orgeriini Fieber, 1872

Genus Yucanda Ball & Hartzell, 1922: 141.
Type species (in original combination): Orgamara albida Ball 1909: 200.



Distribution of Yucanda from FLOW (4 Oct. 2018)

Southwestern US.

Recognized species

There are 3 species currently in the genus [see Metcalf 1946: 200 for genus and all 3 species]:

Yucanda albida (Ball, 1909) – USA: CA, NV; Mexico (Baja California)
Orgamara albida Ball, 1909: 200.
Yucanda albida (Ball, 1909); comb. by Ball & Hartzell, 1922: 141.
Yucanda miniata Ball, 1937 – USA: AZ
Yucanda ornata Ball, 1937 – USA: AZ

Economic Importance:


Plant associations:

Yucanda albida – Yucca baccata Torr. (banana yucca, Agavaceae).

Hosts from Wilson et al. (1994); plant names from USDA PLANTS or Tropicos.


Brachypterous, leaving several terga visible from above, tegulae hidden (all Orgeriinae); callosity present behind eye; head more than 2x length of eyes; cephalic process, as seen from the side, truncate at the extremity, five angled, process parallel margined; apex, as seen from the side, slightly enlarged, projecting at an angle with the vertex.

Keys to genus of US Orgeriinae in Doering & Darby 1943 and Doering (1955: 196).

Description of genus from Ball and Hartzell 1922

Cephalic process long, more than three times the length of the eye, parallel margined as seen from the side, curving upwards at an angle slightly less than 45°, widening toward the truncate tip, where it is five-angled. Front of equal width throughout, tricarinate, the lateral carinae widening and the median carina elevated toward the apex of the cephalic process. Oblique carina extending two-thirds the length of the cephalic process, pustulate below. Pronotum narrow, pustulate, median tablet not differentiated. Eye separated from scutellum by an elongate callosity. Anterior tablet of scutellum raised, tricarinate, lateral projections pustulate. Elytra abbreviated, irregularly reticulate. Abdomen long, oval, obese. Rostrum definitely exceeds the abdomen. Legs long, slender; hind tibia with 4-5 weak spines.

This genus is readily distinguished from Orgamara by its curved and apically truncate cephalic process. Type of genus Orgamara albida Ball.


Yucanda albida (All photos by Rick Donovall or Kimberley Shropshire, Department of Entomology, University of Delaware)

Yucanda albida Ball

Yucanda albida Ball

Yucanda albida Ball

Yucanda albida Ball

Yucanda albida Ball from Ball and Hartzell 1922

Online resources:

Yucanda on:
Discover Life.
Bugguide (N/A, link is to Orgeriinae taxonomy tree)
3I Interactive Keys and Taxonomic Databases (Dmitry Dmitriev)
BOLD. (genus not present, link to subfamily)


Found by inspecting hosts.

Molecular resources: 

As of this writing (4 Oct. 2018), data for this genus is not available on Genbank or on Barcode of life.

Selected references:

Ball, E. D. 1909.  Some remarkable new leaf-hoppers of the family Fulgoridae. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 22: 197-204.

Ball, E. D. 1937. Some new Fulgoridae from Western United States. Bulletin of the Brooklyn Entomological Society 32: 171-183.

Ball, E. D. and A. Hartzell. 1922. A review of the desert leafhoppers of the Orgerini (Rhynchota Fulgoridae). Annals of the Entomological Society of America 15: 137-152.

Bartlett, C. R., L. B. O’Brien and S. W. Wilson. 2014. A review of the planthoppers (Hemiptera: Fulgoroidea) of the United States. Memoirs of the American Entomological Society 50: 1-287.

Doering, K. C. 1955. Some taxonomic and morphological studies of two genera of North American Dictyopharidae. University of Kansas Science Bulletin 37(7): 195-221.

Doering, K. C. 1956. The taxonomic value of the pretarsal structures in the classification of certain Fulgoroidea. University of Kansas Science Bulletin 37: 627-643. pdf [Yucanda studied]

Doering, K. C. and H. H. Darby. 1943. A contribution to the taxonomy of the genus Orgerius in America, north of Mexico (Fulgoridae, Homoptera). Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 16(2-3): 64-98.

Emeljanov, A. F. 1983. Dictyopharidae from the Cretaceous deposits on the Taymyr Peninsula (Insecta, Homoptera). Paleontologicheskii Zhurnal 3: 79-85 [In Russian; translated in: Paleontological Journal 17(3): 77-82].

Fieber, F. X. 1872a. Katalog der europäischen Cicadinen, nach Originalien mit Benützung der neuesten Literatur. Carl Gerold’s Sohn, Wein [Vienna, Austria]. Pp.: i-iv, 1-19.

Metcalf, Z. P. 1946. General Catalogue of the Homoptera. Fascicle IV Fulgoroidea. Part 8 Dictyopharidae. Smith College, Northhampton, Massachusetts.

Spinola, M. 1839a. Essai sur les Fulgorelles, sous-tribu de la tribu des Cicadaires, ordre des Rhyngotes. Annales de la Société Entomologique de France 8: 133-337.

Wilson, S. W., C. Mitter, R. F. Denno and M. R. Wilson. 1994. Evolutionary patterns of host plant use by delphacid planthoppers and their relatives. In: R. F. Denno and T. J. Perfect, (eds.). Planthoppers: Their Ecology and Management. Chapman and Hall, New York. Pp. 7-45 & Appendix.

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