Genus Bulldolonia Gnezdilov, 2012

[Back to North American Acanaloniidae]

Family Acanaloniidae Amyot & Serville, 1843

Subfamily Acanaloniinae Amyot & Serville, 1843

Tribe Acanaloniini Amyot & Serville, 1843

Genus Bulldolonia Gnezdilov, 2012: 303.

Type species (in original combination): Acanalonia depressa Melichar, 1901.

Distribution: Caribbean.

Recognized species

There are 3 species as follows:

Bulldolonia brevifrons (Muir, 1924) – Puerto Rico, Mona (St. Thomas, St. Croix, Anegada possibly in error).
  = Acanalonia brevifrons Muir, 1924: 467, pl. 12, figs 5, 5 a–b.
  = Bulldolonia brevifrons (Muir, 1924); comb. by Gnezdilov 2012: 305.

Bulldolonia depressa (Melichar, 1901) – Virgin Islands (St. John [type locality, as ‘St. Jean’], Jost Van Dyke, St. Croix, Tortola, Guana, Beef, Virgin Gorda, St. John, Beef, Great Camanoe)
   = Acanalonia depressa Melichar, 1901: 190; 1902: 251, taf. 1, fig. 6; Fennah, 1949: 52, pl. 4,  figs. 18–19.
   = Acanalonia brevifrons Caldwell & Martorell, 1950 (misidentification, nec Muir): 265, pls. 52, 53; see Gnezdilov 2012.
   = Bulldolonia depressa (Melichar, 1901); comb. by Gnezdilov, 2012: 303.

Bulldolonia impressa (Metcalf & Bruner, 1930) – Cuba.
   = Acanalonia impressa Metcalf and Bruner, 1930: 408, pls. 21, 22, 25.
   = Bulldolonia impressa (Metcalf & Bruner, 1930); comb. by Gnezdilov, 2012: 305.

Plant associations:

Bulldolonia impressaCinnamomum elongatum (Vahl ex Nees) Kosterm. (laurel avispillo; Lauraceae; as Phoebe elongata Vahl ex Nees )

Host data from Metcalf & Bruner, 1930; Wilson et al. (1994); scientific names, authorship and common names from the USDA Plants database, except where absent, then try Tropicos or The Plant List).

Economic Importance: Limited.


Recognized compared to Acanalonia by the ‘shelf-like’ depressed vertex.

Verbatim from Gnezdilov 2012:

“Diagnosis. The border between metope and coryphe indistinct, both without intermediate carinae (Figs 2–3). Coryphe + metope is depressed from above (Figs 1–3), with nearly lobe-shaped lateral keels (Fig. 3). Metopoclypeal suture acutely angulate. Ocelli present. Pro- and mesonotum with no carinae. Scutellum is separated by a groove. Forewings widely rounded apically (almost straight) (Fig. 1), without hypocostal plate. Basal cell large, radius bifurcate, median at least pentafurcate, cubitus anterior simple (R 2 M 5 (main branches) CuA 1). Clavus long, almost reaching the wing apex. Hind tibia with 7 teeth apically and with no lateral teeth. First metatarsomere with 2 latero-apical and 7 intermediate teeth in the entire row.”

Bulldolonia depressa (lectotype) from Gnezdilov, 2013

Bulldolonia depressa (Melichar 1901) lectotype

Fig. 3 (Gnezdilov 2012) Bulldolonia depressa (Melichar 1901) lectotype 1 lateral view; 2 frontal view


Bulldolonia depressa from Guana Island, BVI (Photos by Kimberley Shropshire, University of Delaware)

Buldonia depress

Buldonia depressa from Tortola, British Virgin Islands

Bulldonia brevifrons

Bulldonia brevifrons (as Acanalonia) from Caldwell & Martorell 1951

Bulldonia brevifrons

Bulldonia brevifrons (as Acanalonia) from Caldwell & Martorell 1951

Acanalonia impressa from Metcalf and Bruner 1930

 Acanalonia impressa from Metcalf and Bruner 1930

Bulldonia impressa Metcalf & Bruner, holotype (image from Bob Blinn at NCSU)

Bulldonia impressa Metcalf & Bruner, holotype (image from Bob Blinn at NCSU)

Label information for the holotype of Bulldonia impress (from Bob Blinn, NCSU)


3I Interactive Keys and Taxonomic Databases (Dmitry Dmitriev)
SYMBIOTA SCAN. (family, nothing there to speak of in July 2018)
EOL. (link to family)

This genus not on Bugguide, Discover Life, EOL

Molecular resources: GenBank has data for ” A”. depressa. Barcode of Life does not have data on Bulldolonia.

Selected references: (should include all the above references, links to BHL incomplete)

Amyot, C. J. B. and J. G. Serville. 1843. Deuxième partie. Homoptères. Homoptera Latr. Histoire Naturelle des insectes. Hemiptères 1843: 1-676.

Bartlett, C.R. 2000. An annotated list of planthoppers (Hemiptera: Fulgoroidea) of Guana Island (British West Indies). Entomological News 111(2):120-132.

Caldwell, J. S. and L. F. Martorell. 1951 [dated1950]. Review of the Auchenorynchous [sic] Homoptera of Puerto Rico. Part II. The Fulgoroidea except Kinnaridae. Journal of Agriculture of the University of Puerto Rico 34(2): 133-269.

Fennah, R.G. 1949. On a small collection of Fulgoroidea (Homoptera) from the Virgin Islands. Psyche 56(2): 51-65.

Fennah, R. G. 1955. Lanternflies of the Family Issidae of the Lesser Antilles (Homoptera: Fulgoroidea). Proceedings of the United States Museum 105(3350): 23-47.

Fennah, R. G. 1965. New Species of Fulgoroidea (Homoptera) from the West Indies. Transactions of the Royal Entomological Society of London 117: 95-125.

Gnezdilov, V. M. 2012a. On the composition and distribution of the family Acanaloniidae Amyot et Serville (Homoptera, Fulgoroidea). Entomologicheskoe obozrenie 91(3): 157–161. [In Russian]

Gnezdilov, V. M. 2012b. On the taxonomy of some Fulgoroidea (Hemiptera).  Proceedings of the Zoological Institute RAS 316(3): 239–247.

Gnezdilov, V. M. 2012c. A new genus of the family Acanaloniidae (Homoptera: Fulgoroidea) from the Caribbean Basin. Zoosystematica Rossica 21(2): 302-305.

Melichar, L. 1901a. Monographie der Acanaloniiden und Flatiden (Homoptera). Annalen des k.k Naturhistorischen Hofmuseums 16: 178-258.

Melichar, L. 1923. Homoptera; fam. Acanaloniidae, Flatidae et Ricaniidae. Genera Insectorum. Bruxelles 182: 1-185.

Metcalf, Z. P. 1954. General Catalogue of the Hemiptera. Fascicle IV, Fulgoroidea, Part 14 Acanaloniidae. North Carolina State University, Raleigh, North Carolina.

Metcalf, Z. P. and S. C. Bruner. 1930. Cuban Fulgorina. 1. The families Tropiduchidae and Acanaloniidae. Psyche 37(4): 395-424.

Osborn, H. 1929b. Notes on Porto Rican Homoptera. The Journal of the Department of Agriculture Puerto Rico 13: 81-112.

Spinola, M. 1839a. Essai sur les Fulgorelles, sous-tribu de la tribu des Cicadaires, ordre des Rhyngotes. Annales de la Societe Entomologique de France 8: 133-337.

Spinola, M. 1839b. Essai sur les Fulgorelles, sous-tribu de la tribu des Cicadaires, ordre des Rhyngotes. (Suite). Annales de la Societe Entomologique de France 8 :339-454.

Wilson, S. W., C. Mitter, R. F. Denno and M. R. Wilson. 1994. Evolutionary patterns of host plant use by delphacid planthoppers and their relatives. Pp. 7-45 & appendix. In: R. F. Denno and T. J. Perfect, (eds.). Planthoppers: Their Ecology and Management. Chapman and Hall, New York.

Print Friendly, PDF & Email