“Preservation Through Production”: Lessons from Hatch Show Print and Dickinson Saltworks

By Elizabeth Palms, WPAMC Class of 2020

This past year, my classmates and I have encountered examples of people preserving historic craftsmanship by using the traditional techniques to make objects in the 21st century. To name a few, we witnessed traditional ceramics production at Gladstone Pottery in Stoke-on-Trent on our British Design History Trip, and we had the treat of working with craftspeople in Colonial Williamsburg’s Historic Trades during last semester’s Preindustrial Craftsmanship course. During our most recent Southern Field Study Trip, we visited more places where historic craft is alive and well. For now, I am going to discuss two in particular: Hatch Show Print in Nashville, Tennessee and the J.Q. Dickinson Salt Works in Charleston, West Virginia.

A poster with a white background reading, “KEEPING/ PRINT/ ALIVE.” The words “KEEPING” and “PRINT” are justified to the poster margins and are in printed in red ink. The “I” in “PRINT” is shown as an upside-down exclamation mark. Below the word “PRINT” is a red bar with five white stylized human skills. A thin blue line strikes through these skulls. Below this bar, the word “ALIVE,” also justified to the margins appears in blue letters with some red trim around it. Another red bar with 6 white skills and a thin blue line striking through it appears below “ALIVE.” Below this, in the lower left third of this poster is a blue circle with the words “HATCH/ SHOW/ PRINT/ NASHVILLE/ TENNESSEE” printed inside of it. A slightly larger blue circle frames this internal blue circle with the print. To the right of this circle are the words “SINCE/ 1879” with a left-pointing arrow separating the “SINCE” AND “1897.” (This arrow is pointing to the circle advertising Hatch Show Print to the left). Two parallel blue lines run across the bottom of the page forming a border of sorts, the upper of the two being thinner. Below these lines in tiny, tiny print is a line of copyright text.

Poster from Hatch Show Print’s Online Collection. I think this particular poster nicely captures Hatch’s Preservation Through Production mission. Courtesy of Hatch Show Print.

In Nashville, our class visited Hatch Show Print, presently housed in the Country Music Hall of Fame and Museum building. While it has a rich history, Hatch Show Print is not a museum, but rather an active artistic institution using the same letterpress techniques that its founders, Charles and Herbert Hatch, used when they founded the shop in 1879. Our wonderful hosts, Lauryn Blakkolb and Vicki Chittams, accordingly emphasized Hatch Show Print’s mission: Preservation Through Production. Hatch is preserving the true craft that is letterpress printing in its daily operations, using a variety of 20th-century printing presses, inked by hand, to produce posters that its workers design and set by hand. By appealing to printing connoisseurship, the Hatch website warrants the shop’s invaluable preservation effort: “Today, in this digital era, many consider the results of  letterpress printing unrivaled for its subtleties of texture and color; Hatch Show Print carries on this centuries-old process with a 21st-century design sensibility.”[1] Hatch’s team of printer-designers pull from the thousands of pieces of wood type, many of which have been in use at Hatch for over a hundred years, to make their designs. With the equipment and historic wood blocks on hand, they often print restrikes of some of Hatch’s most famous posters, notably for country, folk, and rock and roll music greats such as Johnny Cash, Elvis, Dolly Parton, and more. Some of my classmates and I purchased some of these to take home. The restrike process provides an avenue for Hatch’s printer-designers to practice—and thus preserve—the block printing art form, but they also do so when they design new posters for today’s musical artists and other businesses. New commissions allow them to practice their craft, and execute their individual artistic visions within Hatch’s historical and unique stylistic framework. Hatch’s website describes these prints as “new work inspired by the celebrated blocks.”[2]  These new posters, especially those from local Nashville musicians, preserve the Hatch’s original business ethos.

A young woman with brown hair in a salmon-pink dress poses with her arms half raised in front of a wall of colorful posters. Some of the posters around her include one for Elvis Presley (above her head) and Dolly Parton (left). On the shelf above the woman’s head to the left of the Elvis poster is an example of a wood block that has been cut with a design and previously inked.

Photo of the author at Hatch Show Print.

Furthermore, the “Preservation through Production” motto rings true at Hatch on an even deeper level. Not only are the printer-designers keeping the art form of letterpress printing alive in their daily operations, but they are preserving the very woodblocks that have and continue to make it possible by using them. Indeed, the fact that they are using century-old woodblocks is special on a sentimental level—especially for material culture geeks like ourselves.We have learned at Winterthur that utilitarian objects fare best in museum or private collections when they continue to be used. In this sense, Hatch is doing its massive type collection a great service by continuing to keep it in service.

A left hand holding a square wood block cut to make the letter “C”. The person holding the block was also taking the picture. Previous ink use on this wood block accentuate the grain of the wood running at a slight diagonal across the “C.”

A “C” woodblock from Hatch Show Print. Photo by author, June 13, 2019.

On our drive back to Delaware, we stopped at the J. Q. Dickinson Saltworks in Charleston, West Virginia, where we further saw a “preservation through production” ethos at work. Now, when you think of material culture studies at Winterthur, salt probably does not come to mind! However, Assistant Events Coordinator, Ashton Pence, introduced us to the rich history of salt production in Kanawha County, West Virginia that stretches all the way back to the early 1800s. We learned about the ancient Iapetus Ocean that lies trapped beneath the Appalachian Mountains, making it a perfect and unique spot to harvest salt. William Dickinson, who drilled the first salt well on the property in 1817, founded the saltworks, and Dickinson salt went on to win worldwide acclaim for its high quality. Decades after the saltworks closed, Nancy Bruns and Lewis Payne, brother and sister and 6th-generation decedents of William Dickinson, reopened the saltworks. According to the company’s website, they “have reinvented [the saltworks’s] storied tradition, transforming the process by using natural and environmentally friendly concepts to produce small-batch finishing salt.”[1]

Two hands cupped together facing upward and protruding into the image from the upper margin (hands pointing downwards in the image). These cupped hands are holding a pile of coarse-grained white salt. Beneath these hands are three planks of some sort of unfinished wood. Above this picture reads, “J.Q. Dickinson [underlined]/ SALT- WORKS.”

An image taken from the J.Q. Dickinson Salt-Works website. Screenshot from http://www.jqdsalt.com/our-salt/

Ms. Pence walked us through the production process from harvesting the salt brine out of the earth to the various stages of evaporation that occur in the property’s various greenhouses. She continued, showing us how the Dickinson staff members rake the salt, hand-pick out any impurities in the dried salt, grind the salt to different grain sizes, and package it themselves. While Dickinson has obviously updated some of its equipment and strives to be eco-friendly in the most modern sense possible, its daily production creates a hand-crafted, time-honored product. People from all over the world today can taste the salt acclaimed as “The Best Salt in the World” at London’s 1851 World’s Fair because Dickinson continues to operate.[1] Moreover, the ongoing production today preserves the history of Kanawha County and the generations of people past and present who worked at Dickinson. It is much easier to engage the public with this history when there is a special product—the salt—coming out of the very same historic place in the present. Preservation through production, indeed.

A bed of shallow water with square salt crystals scattered throughout it. This large, flat drying bed is located among others in a greenhouse. A man with brown hair, a brown beard, and glasses stands on the other side of the salt bed with his arms crossed.

A bed of salt brine in the final evaporating stage. The water’s salinity at this point is high enough for the salt crystals to form. (Cameo: Tom Guiler). Photo by the author, June 14, 2019.

So to the letterpress printers and natural salt makers of the world, thank you. Not only are you creating incredibly meaningful products, but you are also preserving centuries-old trades—and the histories that go with them—with every print and batch you produce.

[1] http://www.jqdsalt.com/our-story/

[1] http://www.jqdsalt.com/timeline/

[1] https://hatchshowprint.com/what-is-letterpress/

[2] https://hatchshowprint.com/haley-gallery/

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *