For the most comprehensive and updated information, see the Gold Database of Research maintained by the Gold Foundation, and the Literature, Arts Medicine Database maintained by NYU Langone.

The following representative samples of foundational work are drawn from Rita Charon’s Principles and Practice of Narrative Medicine (NY: Oxford University Press, 2016). More recent studies appear at the end of this list.

Arntfield, Shannon, Kris Slesar, Jennifer Dickson, and Rita Charon. “Narrative Medicine as a Means of Training Medical School Students toward Residency Competencies.” Patient Education and Counseling 91 (2013): 280–86.

Aronson, Louise, Brian Niehaus, Laura Hill-Sakurai, Cindy Lai, and Patricia S. O’Sullivan. “A Comparison of Two Methods of Teaching Reflective Ability in Year 3 Medical Students.” Medical Education 46 (2012): 807–14.

Baldwin, Clive. “Narrative Ethics for Narrative Care.” Journal of Aging Studies 34 (2015): 183–89.

Baron, Richard J. “An Introduction to Medical Phenomenology: I Can’t Hear You While I’m Listening.” Annals of Internal Medicine 103, no. 4 (1985): 606–11.

Boudreau, J. Donald, Stephen Liben, and Abraham Fuks. “A Faculty Development Workshop in Narrative-based Reflective Writing.” Perspectives in Medical Education 1 (2012): 143–54.

Branch, William T., Jr., Richard Frankel, Catherine F. Gracey, Paul M. Haidet, Peter F. Weissmann, Paul Cantey, Gary A. Mitchell, and Thomas S. Inui. “A Good Clinician and a Caring Person: Longitudinal Faculty Development and the Enhancement of the Human Dimensions of Care.” Academic Medicine 84, no. 1 (2009): 117–26.

Branch, William T. Treating the Whole Patient: Passing Time-Honoured Skills for Building Doctor-Patient Relationships on to Generations of Doctors. Medical Education 48, no. 1 (2014): 67-74.

Chambers, Sarah, and Julie Glickstein. “Making a Case for Narrative Competency in the Field of Fetal Cardiology.” Literature and Medicine 29, no. 2 (Fall 2011): 376–95.

Charon, Rita. “At the Membranes of Care: Stories in Narrative Medicine.” Academic Medicine 87, no. 3 (2012): 342–47.

Charon, Rita. “Why Read and Write in the Clinic? The Contributions of Narrative Medicine to Health Care.” In Routledge Handbook of Language and Health Communication, edited by Heidi Hamilton and Wen-Ying Sylvia Chou, 245–58. New York: Routledge, 2014.

Charon, Rita. “Writing in the Clinic, or What Might Be Expressed?” In The Future of Scholarly Writing: Critical Interventions, edited by Angelika Bammer and Ruth-Ellen Boetcher Joeres, 87–99. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2015.

Clark, Phillip G. “Emerging Themes in Using Narrative in Geriatric Care: Implications for Patient-Centered Practice and Interprofessional Teamwork.” Journal of Aging Studies 34 (2015): 177–82.

Clark, Phillip G. “Narrative in Interprofessional Education and Practice: Implications for Professional Identity, Provider-Patient Communication and Teamwork.” Journal of Interprofessional Care 28, no. 1 (2014): 34–39.

DasGupta, Sayantani, and Rita Charon. “Personal Illness Narratives: Using Reflective Writing to Increase Empathy.” Academic Medicine 79, no. 4 (April 2004): 351–56.

Devlin, Michael, Boyd Richards, Hetty Cunningham, Urmi Desai, Owen Lewis, Andrew Mutnick, Mary Ann Nidiry, Prantik Saha, and Rita Charon. “‘Where Does the Circle End?’: Representation as a Critical Aspect of Reflection in Teaching Social and Behavioral Sciences in Medicine.” Academic Psychiatry 39, no. 6 (2014): 669–77.

Donzelli, Gianpaolo, Erika Maria Paddeu, Francesca D’Alessandro, and Alessandro Nanni Costa. “The Role of Narrative Medicine in Pregnancy after Liver Transplantation.” Journal of Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine 28, no. 2 (2015): 158–61.

Epstein, Ronald. “Qualitative Analysis of Medical Student Impressions of a Narrative Exercise in the Third-Year Psychiatry Clerkship.” Academic Medicine 86, no. 1 (2011): 85–89.

Frank, Arthur W. “Narrative Ethics as Dialogical Story-Telling.” Narrative Ethics: The Role of Stories in Bioethics, special report, Hastings Center Report 44 (2014): S16–S20.

Greer, Annette G., Maria Clay, Amy Blue, Clyde H. Evans, and David Garr. “The Status of Interprofessional Education and Interprofessional Prevention Education in Academic Health Centers: A National Baseline Study.” Academic Medicine 89, no. 5 (2014): 799–805.

Guillemin, Marilys, and Lynn Gillam. “Emotions, Narratives, and Ethical Mindfulness.” Academic Medicine 90, no. 6 (2015): 726–31.

Hellerstein, David. “‘The City of the Hospital’: On Teaching Medical Students to Write.” Journal of Medical Humanities 36, no. 4 (2015): 269–89.

Hojat, Mohammadreza, Michael J. Vergare, Kaye Maxwell, George Brainard, Steven K. Herrine, Gerald A. Isenberg, Jon Veloski, and Joseph S. Gonnella. “The Devil is in the Third Year: A Longitudinal Study of Erosion of Empathy in Medical School.” Academic Medicine 84, no. 9 (2009): 1182–91.

Huyler, Frank. “The Woman in the Mirror: Humanities in Medicine.” Academic Medicine 88, no. 7 (2013): 918–20. Jones, Anne Hudson. “Literature and Medicine: Narrative Ethics.” Lancet 349, no. 9060 (1995): 1243–46.

Lewis, Bradley. “Narrative Medicine and Healthcare Reform.” Journal of Medical Humanities 32, no. 9 (2011): 9–20.

Leys, Ruth. “The Turn to Affect: A Critique.” Critical Inquiry 37, no. 3 (Spring 2011): 434–72.

Liben, Stephen, Kevin Chin, J. Donald Boudreau, Miriam Boillat, and Yvonne Steinert. “Assessing a Faculty Development Workshop in Narrative Medicine.” Medical Teacher 34, no. 12 (2012): e813–e819.

Lieberman, Matthew D., Ruth Gaunt, Daniel T. Gilbert, and Yaacov Trope. “Reflexion and Reflection: A Social Cognitive Neuroscience Approach to Attributional Inference.” Advances in Experimental Social Psychology 34 (2002): 199–249.

Mahr, Greg. “Narrative Medicine and Decision-Making Capacity.” Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice. 21 (2015): 503–7.

Mann, Karen, Jill Gordon, and Anna MacLeod. “Reflection and Reflective Practice in Health Professions Education: A Systematic Review.” Advances in Health Science Education 14 (2009): 595–621.

Martinez, Cecilia. “Feeding the Soul with Words: Narrative Medicine in Pediatrics Helps Doctors, Patients with Treatment.” Connections: Columbia Women’s and Children’s Health (Spring 2015): 12–13.

Moran, Judith. “Families, Law, and Literature: The Story of a Course on Storytelling.” University of San Francisco Law Review 49, no. 1 (2015): 1–56.

National Endowment for the Arts and Santa Fe Institute, eds. “How Creativity Works in the Brain: Insights from a Santa Fe Institute Working Group, co-sponsored by the National Endowment for the Arts.” Washington, DC: National Endowment for the Arts.

Nowaczyk, Malgorzata J. M. “Narrative Medicine in Clinical Genetics Practice.” American Journal of Medical Genetics Practice Part A, 158A (2012): 1941–47.

Oatley, Keith. “Fiction Hones Social Skills.” Scientific American Mind 22, no. 5 (November/December 2011).

Oatley, Keith. “In the Minds of Others.” Scientific American Mind 22, no. 5 (November/December 2011): 62–67. O’Toole, John. “The Story of Ethics: Narrative as a Means for Ethical Understanding and Action.” JAMA 273, no. 17 (1995): 1387–90.

Pearson, A. Scott, Michael P. McTigue, and John L. Tarpley. “Narrative Medicine in Surgical Education.” Journal of Surgical Education 65 (2009): 99–100.

Rian, Johanna, and Rachel Hammer. “The Practical Application of Narrative Medicine at Mayo Clinic: Imagining the Scaffold of a Worthy House.” Culture, Medicine, and Psychiatry 37 (2013): 670–80.

Sandhu, Sima, Eleonora Arcidiacono, Eugenio Aguglia, and Stefan Priebe. “Reciprocity in Therapeutic Relationships: A Conceptual Review.” International Journal of Mental Health (2015). doi:10.1111/inm.12160.

Sands, Stephen, Patricia Stanley, and Rita Charon. “Pediatric Narrative Oncology: Interprofessional Training to Promote Empathy, Build Teams, and Prevent Burnout.” Journal of Supportive Oncology 6 (2008): 307–12.

Shapiro, Johanna. “The Feeling Physician: Educating the Emotions in Medical Training.” European Journal for Person Centered Healthcare 1, no. 2 (2013): 310–16.

Shapiro, Johanna, Deborah Kasman, and Audrey Shafer. “Words and Wards: A Model of Reflective Writing and Its Uses in Medical Education.” Journal of Medical Humanities 27 (2006): 231–44.

Street, Richard L., Jr., Howard Gordon, and Paul Haidet. “Physicians’ Communication and Perceptions of Patients: Is It How They Look, How They Talk, or Is It Just the Doctor?” Social Science and Medicine 65 (2007): 586–98.

Vannatta, Seth, and Jerry Vannatta. “Functional Realism: A Defense of Narrative Medicine.” Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 38 (2013): 32–49.

Wald, Hedy S., Jeffrey Borkan, Julie Scott Taylor, David Anthony, and Shmuel P. Reis. “Fostering and Evaluating Reflective Capacity in Medical Education: Developing the REFLECT Rubric for Assessing Reflective Writing.” Academic Medicine 97 (2012): 355.

Wald, Hedy S., Stephen W. Davis, Shmuel Reis, Alicia D. Monroe, and Jeffrey M. Borkan. “Reflecting on Reflections: Enhancements of Medical Education Curriculum with Structured Field Notes and Guided Feedback.” Academic Medicine 84 (2009): 830–37.

Wear, Delese, Joseph Zarconi, Rebecca Garden, and Therese Jones. “Reflection in/and Writing: Pedagogy and Practice in Medical Education.” Academic Medicine 87 (2012): 603–9.

White, Michael. “Working with People Who Are Suffering the Consequences of Multiple Trauma: A Narrative Perspective.” The International Journal of Narrative Therapy and Community Work 1 (2004): 44–75.

Winkel, Abigail Ford, Nellie Hermann, Mark J. Graham, and Rini B. Ratan. “No Time to Think: Making Room for Reflection in Obstetrics and Gynecology Residency.” Journal of Graduate Medical Education 2 (2010): 610–15.

Woods, Angela. “The Limits of Narrative: Provocations for the Medical Humanities.” Medical Humanities 37 (2011): 73–78.  

Representative Samples of Recent Research on Narrative Medicine

Schoonover, Kimberly et al. Impact of Poetry on Empathy and Professional Burnout of Health-Care Workers: A Systematic Review. Journal of Palliative Care 2019, Vol. XX(X) 1-6.: 

Print Friendly, PDF & Email