For the most comprehensive and updated information, see the Gold Foundation’s Gold Databases of Research on humanism in medicine, and the Literature Arts Medicine Database maintained by NYU Langone Health.

Baikie, K. A. (2008). Who does expressive writing work for? Examination of alexithymia, splitting, and repressive coping style as moderators of the expressive writing paradigm. British Journal of Health Psychology, 13, 61-66.

Barclay, L. J., & Skarlicki, D. P. (2009). Healing the wounds of organizational injustice: Examining the benefits of expressive writing. Journal of Applied Psychology, 94(2), 511.

Beckwith, K. M., Greenberg, M. A., & Gevirtz, R. (2005). Autonomic effects of expressive writing in individuals with elevated blood pressure. Journal of Health Psychology, 10, 197-209.

Broderick, J. E., Stone, A. A., Smyth, J. M., Kaell, A. T. (2004). The feasibility and effectiveness of an expressive writing intervention for rheumatoid arthritis via home-based videotaped instructions. Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 27, 50-59.

Creswell, J. D., Lam, S., Stanton, A. L., Taylor, S. E., Bower, J. E., & Sherman, D. K. (2007). Does self-affirmation, cognitive processing, or discovery of meaning explain cancer-related health benefits of expressive writing? Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin, 33, 238-250.

De Moor, C., Sterner, J., Hall, M., Warneke, C., Gilani, Z., Amato, R., et al. (2002). A pilot study of the effects of expressive writing on psychological and behavioral adjustment in patients enrolled in a phase II trial of vaccine therapy for metastatic renal cell carcinoma. Health Psychology, 21, 615-619.

Floyd, K., Mikkelson, A. C., Hesse, C., & Pauley, P. M. (2007). Affectionate writing reduces total cholesterol: Two randomized controlled trials. Human Communication Research, 33, 119-142.

Frisina, P. G., Borod, J. C., & Lepore, S. J. (2004). A meta-analysis of the effects of written emotional disclosure on the health outcomes of clinical populations. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 192, 629-634.

Graham, H. E., Glaser, R., Loving, T. J., Malarkey, W. B., Stowell, J. R., & Kiecolt-Glaser, J. K. (2009). Cognitive word use during marital conflict and increases in proinflammatory cytokines. Health Psychology, 28, 621–30.

Graybeal, A., Seagal, J. D., & Pennebaker, J. W. (2002). The role of story-making in disclosure writing: The psychometrics of narrative. Psychology and Health, 17, 571–81.

Halpert, A., Rybin, D., & Doros, G. (2010). Expressive writing is a promising therapeutic modality for the management of IBS: a pilot study. American Journal of Gastroenterology, 105(11), 2440-2448.

Hamilton-West, K. E., & Quine, L. (2007). Effects of written emotional disclosure on health outcomes in patients with ankylosing spondylitis. Psychology and Health, 22, 637-657.

Kellogg, R. T., Mertz, H. K., & Morgan, M. (2010). Do gains in working memory capacity explain the written self-disclosure effect? Cognition and Emotion, 24(1), 86-93.

Koschwanez, H. E., Kerse, N., Darragh, M., Jarrett, P., Booth, R. J., & Broadbent, E. (2013). Expressive writing and wound healing in older adults: A randomized controlled trial. Psychosomatic Medicine, 75(6), 581-590.

Low, C. A., Stanton, A. L., & Danoff-Burg, S. (2006). Expressive disclosure and benefit finding among breast cancer patients: mechanisms for positive health effects. Health Psychology, 25(2), 181-189.

Matthiesen, S., Klonoff-Cohen, H., Zachariae, R., Jensen-Johansen, M. B., Nielsen, B. K., Frederiksen, Y., … Ingerslev, H. J. (2012). The effect of an expressive writing intervention (EWI) on stress in infertile couples undergoing assisted reproductive technology (ART) treatment: a randomized controlled pilot study. British Journal of Health Psychology, 17(2), 362-378.

Mosher, C. E., DuHamel, K. N., Lam, J., Dickler, M., Li, Y., Massie, M. J., & Norton, L. (2012). Randomised trial of expressive writing for distressed metastatic breast cancer patients. Psychological Health, 27(1), 88-100.

Petrie, K. J., Fontanilla, I., Thomas, M. G., Booth, R. J., & Pennebaker. J. W. (2004). Effect of written emotional expression on immune function in patients with HIV infection: A randomized trial. Psychosomatic Medicine, 66, 272-275.

Smith, H. E., Jones, C. J., Theasom, A., Horne, R., Bowskill, R., Nakins, M., & Frew, A. J. (2009). Writing about emotional experiences reduces B-agonist use in patients with asthma — 3-month follow up of a randomized controlled trial. The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, 123, S80. doi:10.1016/j.jaci.2008.12.280

Smith, S., Anderson-Hanley, C., Langrock, A., & Compas, B. (2005). The effects of journaling for women with newly diagnosed breast cancer. Psycho-oncology, 14(12), 1075-1082.

Wagner, L. J., Hilker, K. A., Hepworth, J. T., & Wallston, K. A. (2010). Cognitive adaptability as a moderator of expressive writing effects in an HIV sample. AIDS Behavior, 14(2), 410-420.

Willmott, L., Harris, P., Gellaitry, G., Cooper, V., & Horne, R. (2011). The effects of expressive writing following first myocardial infarction: A randomized controlled trial. Health Psychology, 30(5), 642-650.    

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