Vegetable Crop Insects – August 5, 2016

Joanne Whalen, Extension IPM Specialist; jwhalen@udel.edu

Cole Crops
As soon as plants are set in the field, be sure to sample for cabbage looper and diamondback larvae. A treatment will be needed before larvae move into the hearts of the plants. You should also watch for the first Harlequin bugs in cole crops. In general, most of the “worm” materials are not effective on Harlequin bugs. The pyrethroids have provided control in years past.

Lima Beans
As soon as pin pods are present, be sure to watch carefully for plant bug and stinkbug adults and nymphs. Also be sure to begin sampling the earliest planted fields for corn earworm. A treatment will be needed for corn earworm if you find one corn earworm larvae per 6 foot-of-row.

Peppers
Depending on local trap catches, sprays should be applied on a 7 to 10-day schedule once pepper fruit is ¼ – ½ inch in diameter. Be sure to check local moth catches in your area by calling the Crop Pest Hotline (302-831-8851) or visit our website at http://agdev.anr.udel.edu/trap/trap.php. You will also need to consider a treatment for pepper maggot. Be sure to also watch carefully for beet armyworm larvae since they can quickly defoliate plants. In addition, be sure to use a material that provides beet armyworm control – the pyrethroids have not provided control of this insect in past years.

Snap Beans
You will need to consider a treatment for corn borer and corn earworm populations in processing and fresh market snap beans. Sprays are needed at the bud and pin stages on processing beans for corn borer control. As earworm trap catches increase, an earworm spray may also be needed at the pin stage. You will need to check our website (http://agdev.anr.udel.edu/trap/trap.php) or call the Crop Pest Hotline (302-831-8851) for the most recent trap catches to help decide on the spray interval between the pin stage and harvest for processing snap beans. http://extension.udel.edu/ag/insect-management/insect-trapping-program/ecb-and-cew-moth-catch-thresholds-for-processing-snap-beans/

Once pin pods are present on fresh market snap beans, a 7 to 10-day schedule should be maintained for corn borer and corn earworm control.

Sweet Corn
Continue to sample all fields through pre-tassel stage for whorl feeders. A treatment should be applied if 12-15% of the plants are infested with larvae (regardless of the species). The predominant whorl feeder continues to be the fall armyworm. Since fall armyworm (FAW) feed deep in the whorls, sprays should be directed into the whorls and multiple applications are often needed to achieve control. FAW can also be a problem in silk stage sweet corn, especially in outbreak years. The first silk sprays will be needed as soon as ear shanks are visible. Be sure to check both blacklight and pheromone trap catches since the spray schedules can quickly change. Trap catches are generally updated on Tuesday and Friday mornings on our website (http://agdev.anr.udel.edu/trap/trap.php) and the Crop Pest Hotline (302-831-8851). Information on scouting sweet corn and how to use the trap catch information can be found at http://extension.udel.edu/ag/insect-management/insect-trapping-program/action-thresholds-for-silk-stage-sweet-corn/.  You should also watch for aphids and apply sprays before populations explode. Be sure to refer to the commercial production recommendations for materials labeled on sweet corn for aphid control.

http://extension.udel.edu/ag/vegetable-fruit-resources/commercial-vegetable-production-recommendations/.

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