Vegetable Crop Insects – September 2, 2011

Joanne Whalen, Extension IPM Specialist;

Continue to sample for cabbage looper, diamondback larvae, fall armyworm, beet armyworm and Harlequin bug. Be sure to select controls options based on the complex of insects present in the field, especially beet armyworm which are difficult to control.

Lima Beans
Continue to scout for stink bugs, lygus bugs, soybean loopers, beet armyworm and corn earworm. Moths can still be found laying eggs in fields. A treatment will be needed if you find one corn earworm larvae per 6 ft-of-row.

At this time of year, corn borer, corn earworm, beet armyworm and fall armyworm are all potential problems in peppers. So be sure to select the material that will control the complex of insects present in the field. Be sure to check local corn borer and corn earworm moth catches in your area by calling the Crop Pest Hotline (in state: 1-800-345-7544; out of state: 302-831-8851) or check our webpage at We continue to see economic levels of aphids, especially in fields where pyrethroids have been used on a weekly basis. Materials labeled for aphids are only effective if applied before populations explode.

Snap Beans
With the sustained high trap catches, you will need to consider a treatment for both corn borer and corn earworm. You should also watch for beet armyworms and soybean loopers. Sprays are needed at the bud and pin stages on processing beans for worm control. With the diversity of worm pest that may be present in fields, be sure to scout fields and select materials that will control the complex of insects present. For the most recent trap catches in your area and to help decide on the spray interval between the pin stage and harvest for ECB control in processing snap beans, you will need to call the Crop Pest Hotline (in state: 1-800-345-7544; out of state: 302-831-8851) or check our website and

Both webworms and beet armyworms moths are active at this time and controls need to be applied when worms are small and before they have moved deep into the hearts of the plants. Generally, at least 2 applications are needed to achieve control of webworms and beet armyworm.

Sweet Corn
With the continued high corn earworm trap catches, be sure that a spray is applied as soon as ear shanks are visible on plants (i.e. before you see any silk). If fall armyworms are present in the whorl, you will need multiple whorl sprays for this insect before the ear shank spray to achieve effective control and to prevent larvae from dropping into the ear zone. Once fields are silking, you will need to check both blacklight and pheromone trap catches for silk spray schedules since the spray schedules can quickly change. Check our website or call the Crop Pest Hotline (in state: 1-800-345-7544; out of state: 302-831-8851). Be sure to check all labels for days to harvest and maximum amount allowed per acre.

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