Genus Agalmatium Emeljanov, 1971

[Return to North American Issidae]

Family Issidae Spinola, 1839

Subfamily Issinae Spinola, 1839

Tribe Hysteropterini Melichar, 1906

[Higher taxonomy revised by Wang et al. 2016; formerly placed in Issinae, Issini, subtribe Hysteropterina; see also Gnezdilov 2016]

Subtribe Agalmatiina Gnezdilov, 2002
Genus Agalmatium Emeljanov, 1971
Type species (in original combination):

Cercopis grylloides Fabricius, 1794; junior syn. of Fulgora flavescens Olivier, 1791.

Synonyms:

None.

Distribution:

A Palearctic genus adventive in California.

Recognized species

There are 5 species currently in this genus

Agalmatium abruptum (De Bergevin, 1920) – Morroco

Agalmatium bilobum (Fieber, 1877) – USA: CA (adventive); Bulgaria, France, Georgia, Greece, Israel, Italy (inc. Sardinia and Sicily), Lebanon, Palestine, Portugal, Romania, Russia (Krasnodar territory), Spain (Inc. Canary Islands), Syria, Tunisia, Turkey, Ukraine (inc. Crimea)
Hysteropterum bilobum Fieber 1877: 16.
Agalmatium bilobum (Fieber, 1877); comb. by implication Emeljanov 1971: 353.
= Hysteropterum angustum Melichar 1906: 130; syn. by Dlabola 1980: 234.
Hysteropterum dubium Melichar 1906: 131; syn. by Dlabola 1984: 29.
Hysteropterum inconspicuum Matsumura 1910: 27; syn. by Dlabola 1984: 29.
Hysteropterum severini Caldwell & DeLong, 1948: 176; syn. by Gnezdilov & O’Brien 2006a: 51.
Hysteropterum beameri Doering, 1958: 101; syn. with H. severini Caldwell & Delong, 1948 by O’Brien 1988a: 868; syn. with A. bilobum by Gnezdilov & O’Brien 2006a: 51. Metcalf 1958, Doering 1958, O’Brien 1988a, Gnezdilov & O’Brien 2006a

Agalmatium costale (Matsumura, 1910) – Grenada, Spain, Portugal
= Hysteropterum dubiosum Matsumura, 1910; synonym by Dlabola (1984)

Agalmatium curtulum (Melichar, 1906) – Spain, Portugal

Agalmatium flavescens (Olivier, 1791) – Mediterranean region; southern parts of central Europe, southern Russia (Krasnodor)  [Algeria , Armenia, Bulgaria, France, Italy (inc. Sardegna), Morocco, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Spain (inc. Canary Islands), Turkey]

Agalmatium grylloides (Fabricius, 1794) – Morocco, Jordan  [may = the previous]

Distribution information from Metcalf (1958) and Holzinger et al. (2003) and FLOW.

Economic Importance:

Unclear, apparently low impact.

Schlinger (1958) describes the biology of Agalmatium bilobum (as Hysteropterum beameri) in California, which creates ‘mud cases’ for its eggs (see also Boulard 1987).

Known host plants:
  • Agalmatium bilobum – Avena sativa L. (common oat, Poaceae); Cannabis sativa L. (Rosales, Cannabaceae); Chenopodium sp. (Caryophyllales, Amaranthaceae); Cistus salviifolius L. (Malvales, Cistaceae); Cupressus sp. (Cupressales, Cupressaceae); Eleagnus sp. (Rosales, Elaeagnaceae); Fraxinus sp. (Lamiales, Oleaceae);  Medicago sativa L. (Fabales, Fabaceae); Olea europea L. (Lamiales, Oleaceae); Pinus sp. (Pinales, Pinaceae);  Pistacia sp. (Sapindales, Anacardiaceae); Platanus sp. (Hamamelidales, Platanaceae); Populus sp. (Malpighiales, Salicaceae);  Prunus amygdalus Batsch (Rosales, Rosaceae); Prunus armeniaca L. (Rosales, Rosaceae); Prunus domestica L. (Rosales, Rosaceae);  Pyrus sp. (Rosales, Rosaceae); Quercus sp. (Fagales, Fagaceae); Sesamum indicum L. (Lamiales, Pedaliaceae); Sinapis sp. (Brassicales, Brassicaceae); Spartium junceum L. (Fabales, Fabaceae); Tamarix sp. (Caryophyllales, Tamaricaceae); Triticum sp. (Poales, Poaceae);  Verbascum sp. (Lamiales, Scrophulariaceae).
  • Agalmatium grylloides Ficus (figs, Moraceae); Ficus carica L. (Rosales, Moraceae); Medicago sativa L. (Fabales, Fabaceae); Olea europea L. (Lamiales, Oleaceae); Pinus sp. (Pinales, Pinaceae); Populus sp. (Malpighiales, Salicaceae); Prunus amygdalus Batsch (Rosales, Rosaceae); Tamarix sp. (Caryophyllales, Tamaricaceae); Ulmus minor Mill. (Rosales, Ulmaceae).

See FLOW for a list of host associations; host associations from FLOW, Wilson et al. 1994, Lodos & Kalkandelen (1981), Gnezdilov et al. (2014); plant names from USDA PLANTS or Tropicos.

Recognition:
Agalmatium bilobum (all photographs by Lois O'Brien)

Agalmatium bilobum (all photographs by Lois O’Brien)

Agalmatiumbilobumfrons-scaledcrop Agalmatiumlateralcrop

This genus is not on Bugguide.

Collecting

Adults are taken by sweeping or beating.

Molecular resources:

As of this writing, there is no data on Agalmatium in Genbank or Barcode of Life.

Selected references:

Bartlett, C. R., L. B. O’Brien and S. W. Wilson. 2014. A review of the planthoppers (Hemiptera: Fulgoroidea) of the United States. Memoirs of the American Entomological Society 50: 1-287.

Bodenheimer, F. S. 1958. Türkiye’de ziraate zararh olan böcekler ve bunlarla savaş hakkında bir etüd. (Çeviren N. Kenter). Bayur Matbaası, Ankara 347.

Boulard, M. 1987. Contribution a l’etude des Issidae. L’ootheque terreuse des ‘Hysteropterum’, un probleme evolutif (Hom. Fulgoroidea). Bulletin de la Societé Entomologique de France 92(1-2): 5-17.

Demir, E. 2006. Preliminary report on the Auchenorrhyncha (Hemiptera) fauna of Kazdaği National Park with two new records for Turkey. Acta Entomologica Slovenica 14(1): 89-102. (record of Agalmatium bilobum in Turkey).

Dlabola, J. 1965. Jordanische Zikaden (Homoptera Auchenorryncha). (Bearbeitung der von J. Klapperich im Jahre 1956-9 in Jordanien, Libanon und Syrien gesammelten Ausbeute). Sborník entomologického oddelení Národního Musea v Praze 36: 419-450.

Dlabola, J. 1980. Tribus-Einteilung, neue Gattungen und Arten der Subf.Issinae in der eremischen Zone (Homoptera, Auchenorrhyncha). Acta Musei Nationalis Pragae 36B(4): 173-248.

Dlabola, J. 1984. Typenrevision einiger mediterraner bzw. nordafrikanischer Hysteropterum (s.l.). (Auchenorrhyncha – Issidae). Acta Faunistica Entomologica Musei Nationalis Pragae 17(195): 27-67.

Emeljanov, A. F. 1971. New genera of leafhoppers of the families Cixiidae and Issidae (Homoptera, Auchenorrhyncha) in the USSR. Entomologicheskoe Obozrenie 50: 619-627 [624].

Fabricius, J. C. 1794. Entomologia systematica emendata et aucta. Secundum classas, ordines, genera, species adjectis synonimis, locis, observationibus, descriptionibus. 4: 472 pp. [54]

Gjonov, I. V. and A. Lapeva-Gjonova. 2017.  Agalmatium flavescens (Hemiptera, Issidae) and Camponotus aethiops (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) – an unknown trophobiotic association. ZooNotes 109: 1-3.

Gnezdilov, V. M. 2002. Morphology of the ovipositor in the subfamily Issinae (Homoptera, Cicadina, Issidae). Entomologicheskoe Obozrenie 81(3): 605-626, 780.

Gnezdilov, V. M. 2016. Notes on the phylogenetic relationships of planthoppers of the family Issidae (Hemiptera, Fulgoroidea) of the Western Palaearctic fauna, with descriptions of two new genera. Entomologicheskoe Obozrenie 95(2): 362-382.

Gnezdilov, V. M. and L. B. O’Brien. 2006aHysteropterum severini Caldwell & Delong, 1948, a new synonym of Agalmatium bilobum (Fieber, 1877) (Hemiptera: Fulgoroidea: Issidae). Pan-Pacific Entomologist. 82: 50-53.

Gnezdilov, V. M., W. E. Holzinger and M.R. Wilson. 2014. The western Palaearctic Issidae (Hemiptera, Fulgoroidea): An illustrated checklist and key to genera and subgenera. Proceedings of the Zoological Institute RAS 318 (Supplement 1): 1-121.

Holzinger, W. E., I. Kammerlander and H. Nickel. 2003. Fulgoromorpha, Cicadomorpha excluding Cicadellidae. Volume 1. The Auchenorrhyncha of Central Europe. Brill Academic Publishing, Leiden, Netherlands.

Kuznetsova, V. G., A. Maryanska-Nadachowska and S. Nokkala. 2009. Karyotype characterization of planthopper species Hysteropterum albaceticum Dlabola, 1983 and Agalmatium bilobum (Fieber, 1877) (Homoptera: Auchenorrhyncha: Issidae) using AgNOR-, C- and DAPI/CMA(3) -banding techniques. Comparative Cytogenetics 3(2): 111-123.

Lodos, N. and A. Kalkandelen. 1981. Preliminary list of Auchenorrhyncha with notes on distribution and importance of species in Turkey IV. Family Issidae Spinola. Türkiye Bitki koruma Dergisi 5(1): 5-21.

Logvinenko, V. N. 1975. Fulgoroidea. Fauna Ukraini 20(2): 1-287.

Matsumura, S. 1910. Neue Cicadinen aus Europa und Mittelmeergebiet (Schluss). Journal of the College of Sciences, Imperial University of Tokyo. Tokyo 27(18): 1-38.

Melichar, L. 1906a. Monographie der Issiden. (Homoptera). Abhandlungen der Kaiserlich-Königliche Zoologisch-Botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien 3: 1-327.

Metcalf, Z. P. 1958. General Catalogue of the Homoptera. Fascicle IV, Fulgoroidea, Part 15, Issidae. Waverly Press, Inc., Baltimore, Maryland.

Olivier, G. A. 1791. Fulgore, Fulgora. Encyclopedie méthodique. Histoire naturelle des animaux. Insectes 6: 561-577.

Oromi, P., S. De la Cruz and M. Báez. 2010. Hemiptera. Pp. 234-253. In: M. Arechavaleta, S. Rodriguez, N. Zurita and A. Garcia. 2010. Lista de especies silvestres de Canarias. Hongos, plantas y animales terrestres. 2009., Gobierno de Canarias, Tenerife (Spain).

Schlinger, E. I. 1958. Notes on the biology of a mud egg-case making fulgorid, Hysteropterum beameri Doering (Homoptera: Fulgoroidea). Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 31(2): 104-106.

Silvestri, F. 1934. Compendio di Entomologia Applicata (Agraria-Forestale-Medica-Veterinaria). Parte speciale. Vol. 1 (Fogli 1-28). Portici. Stab. Tip. Bellavista. 448 pp. (re: Agalmatium bilobum behavior).

Spinola, M. 1839a. Essai sur les Fulgorelles, sous-tribu de la tribu des Cicadaires, ordre des Rhyngotes. Annales de la Société Entomologique de France 8: 133-337.

Spinola, M. 1839b. Essai sur les Fulgorelles, sous-tribu de la tribu des Cicadaires, ordre des Rhyngotes. (Suite). Annales de la Société Entomologique de France 8: 339-454.

Wang, M. L., Y. L. Zhang and T. Bourgoin. 2016. Planthopper family Issidae (Insecta: Hemiptera: Fulgoromorpha): Linking molecular phylogeny with classification. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 105:224-234.

Wilson, S. W., C. Mitter, R. F. Denno and M. R. Wilson. 1994. Evolutionary patterns of host plant use by delphacid planthoppers and their relatives. In: R. F. Denno and T. J. Perfect, (eds.). Planthoppers: Their Ecology and Management. Chapman and Hall, New York. Pp. 7-45 & Appendix.

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