Genus Ormenaria Metcalf and Bruner, 1948

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Family Flatidae Spinola, 1839

Subfamily Flatinae Spinola, 1839

Tribe Nephesini Melichar, 1923

Genus Ormenaria Metcalf and Bruner, 1948: 78.
Type species (in original combination): Poeciloptera rufifascia Walker, 1851458.



USA: Georgia, Florida; Cuba, Isla de la Juventud (as Isle of Pines).

Distribution of Ormenaria from FLOW (29 Sept. 2018)

Recognized species

There are two species currently assigned to this genus:

Ormenaria rufifascia (Walker, 1851: 458) (the “palm flatid”) [Metcalf 1957: 352] – USA: Georgia, Florida; Cuba, Isla de la Juventud (as Isle of Pines), Jamaica.

Ormenaria barberi (Van Duzee, 1912) [Metcalf 1957: 290]
= Ormenis barberi Van Duzee, 1912 (original combination)
= Ormenaria barberi (Van Duzee, 1912), comb. by Bartlett et al. (2014: 164) – USA: AZ

List compiled primarily from FLOW, also Metcalf (1957), Bartlett et al. (2014).

Economic Importance:

Possibly limited, but common on sabal palmetto and possibly a disease vector  (see Halbert et al. 2014)

Plant associations:

Ormenaria rufifascia – Sabal palmetto (Walter) Lodd. ex Schult. & Schult. f. (Arecaceae) (Wilson 1987); Latania lontaroides H.E. Moore (red latan plant, Arecaceae)

Hosts from Wilson (1987), Wilson et al. (1994); plant names from USDA PLANTS or Tropicos. See also hosts from FLOW.

Wilson & Tsai 1984 table of plant associated with Ormenaria rufifascia


This genus was described by Metcalf and Bruner (1948) as follows:


A common species in the extreme southwest US.  Distinctively patterned among North American Flatidae (and among Caribbean taxa that I have seen); Ormenaria barberi has pink markings on the legs,.


 Ormenaria rufifascia.  Photos by Kimberley Shropshire (Dept. Entomology, University of Delaware)

Ormenaria rufifascia.  Photos by Kimberley Shropshire (Dept. Entomology, University of Delaware)


Ormenaria at FLOW. Ormenaria is present at Discover Life here, and at Encyclopedia of Life here.Ormenaria is present on Bugguide here.  (Most of these sites have good photos.)


Ormenaria can be taken by inspection of palms; also sometimes shows up at lights.

Molecular resources: 

Ormenaria is on GenBank (as ‘unverified as of 7 June 2017), and sequence data is present on Barcode of Life.

Selected references:

Bartlett, C. R., L. B. O’Brien and S. W. Wilson. 2014. A review of the planthoppers (Hemiptera: Fulgoroidea) of the United States. Memoirs of the American Entomological Society 50: 1-287.

Bourgoin, T. 2013 (and updates). FLOW (Fulgoromorpha Lists on The Web): a world knowledge base dedicated to Fulgoromorpha.  Version 8, updated 18.ii.2013.

Halbert S., S. W. Wilson, B. Bextrine and S. B. Youngblood. 2014.  Potential planthopper vectors of palm phytoplasmas in Florida with a description of a new species of the genus Omolicna (Hemiptera: Fulgoroidea). Florida Entomologist 97(1): 90-97.

Howard, F. W. and S. Halbert. 2005. Flatid planthopper, Ormenaria rufifascia (Walker) (Insecta: Hemiptera: Auchenorrhyncha: Flatidae). Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida. document EENY-351 (IN643), pdf

Metcalf, Z. P. 1957. General Catalogue of the Homoptera. Fascicle IV, Fulgoroidea, Part 13, Flatidae and Hypochthonellidae. North Carolina State College, Raleigh, North Carolina. Pp. 1-565.

Metcalf, Z. P. and S. C. Bruner. 1948. Cuban Flatidae with new species from adjacent regions. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 41: 63-118.

Spinola, M. 1839. Essai sur les Fulgorelles, sous-tribu de la tribu des Cicadaires, ordre des Rhyngotes. (Suite). Annales de la Société Entomologique de France 8: 339-454.

Van Duzee, E. P. 1912a. Hemipterological gleanings. Bulletin of the Buffalo Society of Natural Science 10: 477-512.

Walker, F. 1851. List of the specimens of Homopterous Insects in the collection of the British Museum. British Museum, London. 2: 261-636.

Wilson, M. R. 1987. The Auchenorrhyncha (Homoptera) associated with palms. Pp. 327-342. In: M. R. Wilson and L. R.  Nault. Proceedings of the 2nd International Workshop on Leafhoppers and Planthoppers of Economic Importance. Provo, Utah, USA, 28th July-1st August 1986., CAB International Institute of Entomology, London (Great Britain). pdf

Wilson, S. W. and J. H. Tsai. 1984. Ormenaria rufifascia (Homoptera: Fulgoroidea: Flatidae): descriptions of nymphal instars and notes on field biology. Journal of the New York Entomological Society 92(4): 307-315. pdf

Wilson, S. W., C. Mitter, R. F. Denno and M. R. Wilson. 1994. Evolutionary patterns of host plant use by delphacid planthoppers and their relatives. In: R. F. Denno and T. J. Perfect, (eds.). Planthoppers: Their Ecology and Management. Chapman and Hall, New York. Pp. 7-45 & Appendix.

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