Genus Ticida Uhler, 1891

[Back to North American Dictyopharidae]

Family Dictyopharidae Spinola, 1839

Subfamily Orgeriinae Fieber, 1872

Tribe Orgeriini Fieber, 1872

Genus Ticida Uhler, 1891: 143
Type species (in original combination): Ticida cingulata Uhler, 1891.

Loxophora Van Duzee, 1908 (Type species Loxophora transversa Van Duzee, 1908); syn. by Emeljanov 2006: 73.

Subgenera were established by Emeljanov, 2006 (see below).


Southwestern US and adjacent Mexico.

Distribution of Ticida from FLOW (9 Oct. 2018)

Recognized species

There are 6 species currently in the genus as follows [Metcalf 1946: 222]:

Subgenus Heicophora Emeljanov, 2006 (type species Loxophora dammersi Van Duzee, 1934).
Ticida dammersi (Van Duzee, 1934) – USA: CA, NV, Mexico (Baja California)
= Loxophora dammersi Van Duzee, 1934: 191.
= Ticida (Heicophora) dammersi (Van Duzee, 1934); comb. by Emeljanov 2006: 74.

Subgenus Ticida Uhler, 1891 (Type species Ticida cingulata Uhler, 1891).
Ticida cingulata Uhler, 1891: 144 – USA: CA, CO, NV, UT
Ticida transversa (Van Duzee, 1908) – USA: AZ, CA, NV, UT; Mexico (Baja California)<
= Loxophora transversa Van Duzee, 1908: 473.
= Ticida (Ticida) transversa (Van Duzee 1908); comb. by Emeljanov 2006: 73.

Subgenus Timodema Ball, 1909: 201 (Type species Timodema miracula Ball, 1909); generic status revised by Emeljanov 2006a: 74 (reduced to subgenus ofTicida).
Ticida miracula (Ball, 1909) – USA: AZ, CA; Mexico (Baja California)
= Timodema miracula Ball, 1909: 201.
= Ticida (Timodema) miracula (Ball, 1909); revised status by Emeljanov 2006: 74.

Ticida rakitovi Emeljanov, 2006 – USA: CA; Mexico (Baja California)
Ticida subapplanta Emeljanov, 2006 – USA: AZ, NV

Economic Importance:


Known host plants:

Hosts from personal obs., although I am sure these are published somewhere; Plant names from USDA PLANTS or Tropicos.


Brachypterous, leaving several terga visible from above, tegulae hidden (all Orgeriinae); no callosity behind eye; head rounded or angulate, produced in front of eyes for distance less than 2/3 width of eyes. Vertex broad and short; apical cell of vertex (areolet) absent; Front with horizontal black band above frontoclypeal suture; pronotum without lateral carinae, posterior margin shallowly concave; forewing with median and claval veins as evident carinae (Most similar to Ticrania, which does not have a black band above the frontoclypeal suture).

Keys to genus of US Orgeriinae in Doering & Darby 1943 and Doering (1955).  Status of Ticida, including establishment of subgenera and subsuming Loxophorawas considered by Emeljanov, 2006.

Ticida 1 Ticida 2

 Ticida cingulata (All photos by Rick Donovall or Kimberley Shropshire, Department of Entomology, University of Delaware)

Ticida cingulata (All photos by Rick Donovall or Kimberley Shropshire, Department of Entomology, University of Delaware)


Ticida on…
Discover Life
3I Interactive Keys and Taxonomic Databases (Dmitry Dmitriev)


Found by inspecting hosts.

Molecular resources: 

As of this writing, data for Ticida subapplanta is available on Genbank, although there is no data for this genus or on Barcode of life.

Selected references:

Ball, E. D. 1909.  Some remarkable new leaf-hoppers of the family Fulgoridae. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 22: 197-204.

Ball, E. D. 1937. Some new Fulgoridae from Western United States. Bulletin of the Brooklyn Entomological Society 32: 171-183.

Ball, E. D. and A. Hartzell. 1922. A review of the desert leafhoppers of the Orgerini (Rhynchota Fulgoridae). Annals of the Entomological Society of America 15: 137-152.(p. 149)

Bartlett, C. R., L. B. O’Brien and S. W. Wilson. 2014. A review of the planthoppers (Hemiptera: Fulgoroidea) of the United States. Memoirs of the American Entomological Society 50: 1-287.

Doering, K. C. 1955. Some taxonomic and morphological studies of two genera of North American Dictyopharidae. University of Kansas Science Bulletin 37(7): 195-221.

Doering, K. C. 1956. The taxonomic value of the pretarsal structures in the classification of certain Fulgoroidea. University of Kansas Science Bulletin 37: 627-643. pdf [Ticida studied]

Doering, K. C. and H. H. Darby. 1943. A contribution to the taxonomy of the genus Orgerius in America, north of Mexico (Fulgoridae, Homoptera). Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 16(2-3): 64-98.

Emeljanov, A. F. 1983. Dictyopharidae from the Cretaceous deposits on the Taymyr Peninsula (Insecta, Homoptera). Paleontologicheskii Zhurnal 3: 79-85 [In Russian; translated in: Paleontological Journal 17(3): 77-82].

Emeljanov, A. F. 2006. Taxonomic changes in American Ogeriinae (Homoptera; Dictyopharidae). Zoosystematica Rossica 15:73-76.

Fieber, F. X. 1872a. Katalog der europäischen Cicadinen, nach Originalien mit Benützung der neuesten Literatur. Carl Gerold’s Sohn, Wein [Vienna, Austria]. Pp.: i-iv, 1-19.

Henshaw, S. 1903b. The Hemiptera described by Philip Reese Uhler. IV. Psyche 10: 224-230.

Melichar, L. 1912a. Monographie der Dictyophorinen (Homoptera). Abhandlungen der K. K. Zoologisch-botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien. 7 (1): 1-221. Plate(s): 1-5.  (P. 196) (Loxophora p. 210)

Metcalf, Z. P. 1946. General Catalogue of the Homoptera. Fascicle IV Fulgoroidea. Part 8 Dictyopharidae. Smith College, Northhampton, Massachusetts. [p. 222]

Spinola, M. 1839a. Essai sur les Fulgorelles, sous-tribu de la tribu des Cicadaires, ordre des Rhyngotes. Annales de la Société Entomologique de France 8: 133-337.

Uhler, P. R. 1891. Remarkable new Homoptera. Transactions of the Maryland Academy of Sciences 1: 143-147.

Van Duzee, E. P. 1908d. Studies in North American Fulgoridae. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 1907: 467-498.

Van Duzee, E. P. 1914c. Nomenclatural and critical notes on Hemiptera. Canadian Entomologist 46: 377-389. (p. 387)

Van Duzee, E. P. 1916a. Check list of Hemiptera (excepting the Aphididae, Aleurodidae and Coccidae) of America North of Mexico. New York Entomological Society, New York. 111 pp. [see p. 78 onward, Ticida on P. 79]

Van Duzee, E. P. 1917b. Catalogue of the Hemiptera of America North of Mexico (excepting the Aphididae, Coccidae and Aleurodidae). University of California Publications, Technical Bulletins, vol. 2. University of California Press, Berkeley, pp. i-xiv, 1-902. [from Google books] [see p. 716 onward] (see p. 726)

Van Duzee, E. P. 1934a. An interesting new fulgoroid (Hemiptera). Pan-Pacific Entomologist 10: 191-192. [Loxophora dammersi]

Wilson, S. W., C. Mitter, R. F. Denno and M. R. Wilson. 1994. Evolutionary patterns of host plant use by delphacid planthoppers and their relatives. In: R. F. Denno and T. J. Perfect, (eds.). Planthoppers: Their Ecology and Management. Chapman and Hall, New York. Pp. 7-45 & Appendix.

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