Classification of the Dictyopharidae

[formative draft]

Members of Dictyopharidae are found in every part of the world, excluding Arctic and Antarctic regions, with highest diversity in the tropical and subtropical zones.  The Dictyopharidae are moderate to small in size (compared to Fulgoridae, their sister group) and usually bear an elongate head process. The head process is common to both families, but not unique.   Most dictyopharines are dicot feeders, with a few economically important agricultural pests.

The Dictyopharidae have a long taxonomic history, with some species described by Linnaeus (1758, 1767); however, most were described between the mid 19th and 20th century. Spinola (1839) first recognized dictyopharids as a subfamily (as “Dyctiophoroïdes”) of Fulgoridae (as “Fulgorites”). Fieber (1872) segregated the Orgeriinae from Dictyopharinae (nomw treated as subfamilies; Orgeriinae are brachypterous and associated with arid environments whereas most Dictyopharinae are macropterous, with some important exceptions).  Melichar (1912) conducted the first major study focused on the World Dictyopharidae, describing 76 genera and 305 species, and defined several tribes (he recognized 1 subfamily and 5 tribes).  Metcalf (1946) published the first catalogue of Dictyopharidae, containing 119 genera and 489 species and detailed synonymies, and utilized the following classification.

Metcalf catalog 1946 dictyopharid classification

Classification of Dictyopharidae adopted in the Metcalf (1946) catalog.

Emeljanov (1969) revised the higher classification of Orgeriinae, and presented a detailed hypothesis concerning the origins of this group.  He excluded from the Orgeriinae several superficially similar micropterous taxa, functionally defining the Orgeriinae as being in the arid regions of the northern hemisphere. In so doing, he transferred the curious fauna from southern Africa (viz. Fennah 1962, 1967), into Dictyopharinae, then to the Fulgoridae.

Little substantive change occurred in the higher classification of the Dictyopharinae until Emeljanov (1979) began to investigate features that differentiated Dictyopharidae from Fulgoridae, and moved several groups into the later taxa.  He subsequently moved several additional taxa from Dictyopharidae to Fulgoridae and changed classification schemes several times (only the current schema is presented below).   Emeljanov (1983) described the fossil tribe Netutelini, and suggested that the Dictyopharini (sensu Metcalf, 1946) was not a natural group. He further defined 7 additional tribes: Orthopagini, Lappidini, Nersiini, Hastini, Taosini, Scoloptini, and Phylloscelini. He subsequently revised his tribal classification for the Dictyopharinae in Emeljanov (2008, 2011b). In addition, Emeljanov (1997) described a micropterous tribe Cleotychini from Australia, and Szwedo (2008) added the second extinct tribe Worskaitini in Dictyopharinae.  Emeljanov (2014) described the third micropterous tribe Rancodini from Chile, and Song et al., (2016d) separated a new tribe Arjunini from Aluntiini based on a quantitative phylogenetic phylogeny inferred from morphological data.

The Orgeriinae are currently comprised of 4 tribes (Almanini, Colobocini, Orgeriini, and Ranissini); Dictyopharinae 13 extant tribes (Aluntiini, Arjunini, Capenini, Cleotychini, Dictyopharini, Hastini, Lappidini, Nersiini, Orthopagini, Phylloscelini, Rancodini, Scoloptini, and Taosini) and two extinct tribes (Netutelini and Worskaitini).  Most of the recent tribes were erected by Emeljanov (1969, 1983, 1997, 2014). Most Dictyopharinae tribes are macropterous or brachypterous; however, some taxa, such as Capenini, Cleotychini, and Rancodini, are micropterous, like the Orgeriinae.

Little quantitative phylogenetic work has been published on the Dictyopharidae, with most of that morphological work conducted on a single tribe or genus.   There have been no published molecular phylogenies for the Dictyopharidae.   Recent phylogenetic analyses (based on morphology) has been conducted (primarily by Zhi-Shun Song and colleagues) on Miasa, Aluntiini, Orthopagini, and Centromeria (additional work in press at this time).  The Aluntiini s.l. was shown to be distinctly paraphyletic and was separated two tribes, including the new tribe Arjunini (Song et al., 2016d).

Relationships among Orthopagini by Song et al. 2014

Phylogenetic tree from Song et al. 2016

Below is an overview of the classification of the Dictyopharidae, including taxa transferred elsewhere.  This is primarily based on FLOW (and will soon need to be updated).

The following list is supposed to include all described genera and subgenera; however, some subgenera may have been inadvertently omitted and I have not fully reviewed synonomies.

Dictyopharidae Spinola, 1839: 202

Subfamily DICTYOPHARINAE Spinola, 1839 (Onuki, 1901)
Tribe Aluntiini Emeljanov, 1979 (new status – from subfamily of Fulgoridae – by Emeljanov 2008)
Aluntia Stål, 1866
Dictyomorpha Melichar, 1912 (= Amboina Kirkaldy, 1913; syn. Em., 2011: 1144) (to Aluntiini by Emeljanov 2008)
Dendrophora Melichar, 1903
Indodictyophara Liang & Song, 2012
Madagascaritia Song & Liang, 2016

Tribe Arjunini Song & Szwedo, 2016
Arjuna Muir, 1934 (see also Emeljanov 2008)
Pippax Emeljanov, 2008

 Tribe Capenini Emeljanov 1979
= CAPENINAE Emeljanov, 1979; new status (tribe) by Emeljanov 2011: 1125.
Capena Stål, 1866
Diasphax Fennah, 1962
Menenches Fennah, 1962

Tribe Cleotychini Emeljanov, 1997b
Cleotyche Emeljanov, 1997b

Tribe Dictyopharini Spinola, 1839 (also Melichar, 1912: 28 http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/5566506)
Aethiocera Emeljanov 2008
Afronersia Fennah, 1958
Subgenus Afronersia Fennah, 1958
Subgenus Cryptophanella Emeljanov, 2011
Subgenus Mesophanella Emeljanov, 2011
Subgenus Oxyphanella Emeljanov, 2011
Aselgeia Walker, 1851
Avephora Bierman, 1910 (= Indagnia Emeljanov, 2008; = Avephore missp. by Em., 2011: 1144; = Electryone Kirkaldy, 1913)
Callodictya Melichar, 1912
Carphotoma Emeljanov, 2008
Chiltana Mushtaq and Akbar, 1995
Cormophana Emeljanov 2011
Daploce Emeljanov 2008
Dictyophara Germar, 1833 (=Togaphora Matsumura, 1940)
Subgenus Ancylocrius Emeljanov, 2003
Subgenus Chanithus Kolenati, 1857
Subgenus Conopenchus Emeljanov, 2003
Subgenus Dictyophara Germar, 1833
Subgenus Euthremma Emeljanov, 2003
Doryphorina Melichar, 1912 (= Tropidophara Bierman, 1910; syn. Em. 2011: 1144)
Emeljanovina Xing & Chen, 2013 (=Glochina Emeljanov, 2011 nomen praeoccupatum replaced by Emeljanovina Xing & Chen, 2013: 68)
Engela Distant, 1906
Gilgitia Mushtaq, 1991
Indrival Fennah, 1978
Mathertris Emeljanov 2011
Neodictya Synave, 1965
Neodictyophara Distant, 1910
Neomiasa Fennah, 1947
Paradictya Melichar, 1912
Paradictyopharina Song & Liang, 2011
Paranagnia Melichar, 1912
Philotheria Melichar, 1912
Pseudophanella Fennah, 1958
Putala Melichar, 1903
Raivuna Fennah, 1978
Raphiophora Schaum, 1851
Rhaba Distant, 1906
Sinodictya Matsumura, 1940
Symplana Kirby, 1891
Tenguella Matsumura, 1910
Tupala Stroinski & Szwedo, 2015
Tylacra Emeljanov 2008
Zaputala Emeljanov 2008
Zedochir Fennah, 1978

Tribe Hastini Emeljanov, 1983a
Anasta Emeljanov, 2008
Articrius Emeljanov, 2008
Dorimargus Melichar, 1912
Eudictya Melichar, 1912
Hasta Kirkaldy, 1906
Lucinda Kirkaldy, 1906
Niculda Kirkaldy, 1906
Thanatodictya Kirkaldy, 1906
Subgenus Lucinda Kirkaldy, 1906
Subgenus Niculda Kirkaldy, 1906
Subgenus Thanatodictya Kirkaldy, 1906

Tribe Lappidini Emeljanov, 1983a
= Lappidina Emeljanov; status by Emeljanov 2008; returned to tribal status Emeljanov 2011: 1122.
Hydriena Melichar, 1912
Igava Melichar, 1912
Lappida Amyot and Serville, 1843
Neomiasa Fennah, 1947 (moved to Dictyopharini by ?)
Toropa Melichar, 1912

Tribe Nersiini Emeljanov, 1983a
Coronesia Emeljanov 2011
Crocodictya Emeljanov, 2008
Deltoplana Emeljanov 2011
Dictyopharoides Fowler, 1900 (= Paramisia Melichar, 1912 synonym by Metcalf 1938)
Digitocrista Fennah, 1944c [Metcalf, 1946:66]
Hyalodictyon Fennah, 1944c
Malogava Emeljanov, 2008
Megadictya Melichar, 1912
Melicharoptera Metcalf, 1938
Mitrops Fennah, 1944c
Neoterpe Emeljanov 2011
Neonotostrophia Xing & Chen, 2013 (= Notostrophia Emeljanov, 2011 [preoccupied?] replaced by  Neonotostrophia Xing & Chen, 2013: 68)
Nersia Stål, 1862
Nersiella Emeljanov, 2008
Parahasta Melichar, 1912
Paralappida Melichar, 1912
Pharodictyon Fennah, 1944c
Plegmatoptera Spinola, 1839
Pteroplegma Melichar, 1912
Pukuakanga Baptista, Serrão & Da-Silva, 2010
Retiala Fennah, 1944c
Rhynchomitra Fennah, 1944c
Sicoris Stål, 1866
Trimedia Fennah, 1944c
Trigava O’Brien, 1999
Xenochasma Emeljanov, 2011

Tribe Netutelini† Emeljanov, 1983
Netutela† Emeljanov, 1983

Tribe Orthopagini Emeljanov, 1983a
Alicodoxa† Emeljanov & Shcherbakov, 2011
Centromeria Stål, 1870
Centromeriana Melichar, 1912
Dictyomeria Song, Webb & Liang, 2016
Dictyotenguna Song & Liang, 2012
Dictyopharina Melichar, 1903
Ellipoma Emeljanov, 2008
Fernandea Melichar, 1912
Indomiasa Song, Webb & Liang, 2014
Leprota Melichar, 1912 (= Orodictya Kirkaldy, 1913; syn by Em., 2011: 1144)
Litocras Emeljanov 2008
Macronaso Synave, 1960 (to Orthopagini by Emeljanov 2008: 312)
Medeusa Emeljanov 2011
Metaurus Stål, 1866
Miasa Distant, 1906 (= Putalamorpha Bierman, 1910: 9. Type species. Stenocranus  productus Lethierry, 1888; by original designation. Synonymized by Melichar1912: 79)
Nesolyncides Fennah, 1958
Orthopagus Uhler, 1896
Phaenodictyon Fennah, 1958
Protolepta Melichar, 1912
Saigona Matsumura, 1910 (=Piela Lallemand, 1942 syn by. Liang & Song 2006: 28).
Tenguna Matsumura, 1910
Truncatomeria Song & Liang, 2011

Tribe Phylloscelini Emeljanov 1983: 83 (Emeljanov, 2011: 1125?)
Phylloscelis Germar, 1839

Tribe Rancodini Emeljanov, 2014
Rancoda Emeljanov, 2014

Tribe Scoloptini Emeljanov, 1983a
Scolops Schaum, 1850

Tribe Taosini Emeljanov, 1983 (sensu Emeljanov 2011)
= Taosina Emeljanov; new status by Emeljanov 2008; returned to tribe by Emeljanov 2011: 1124.
Brachytaosa Muir, 1931
Netaosa Emeljanov, 2011
Phormotegus Emeljanov 2011
Sicorisia Melichar, 1912
Taosa Distant, 1906
Subgenus Taosa Distant, 1906
Subgenus Cuernavaca Kirkaldy, 1913

Tribe Worskaitini† Szwedo, 2008
Worskaito† Szwedo, 2008

Dictyopharinae – incertae sedis
Chondrodire Emeljanov, 2011 (replacement name for Chondrodera Melichar, 1912 nec Karsch 1890; = Taractellus Metcalf, 1948 (Fennah 1947: 10; restored Fennah 1965: 260))
Viridophara Mushtaq, Mahmood and Ahmed, 1992 (Shakila, 1984?)
Mitropodes Baptista, Ferreira & Da-Silva, 2006
Mozzela Baptista, Ferreira & Da-Silva, 2006

Subfamily OGERIINAE Fieber, 1872: 4 (as Orgeriae)
Tribe Almanina Kusnetzov, 1936 [1933?]
Almana Stål, 1861
Bursinia Costa, 1862
Subgenus Bursinia Costa, 1862
Subgenus Struthionia Emeljanov, 2009
Cnodalum Emeljanov, 1978 (to Almanini Kusnezov, 1936 by .. ?)
Coppa Emeljanov, 1969
Coppidius Emeljanov, 1969
Haumavarga Oshanin, 1907
Iphicara Emeljanov, 1978
Mesorgerius Kusnezov, 1933
Nymphorgerius Oshanin, 1913
Orgamarella Emeljanov, 1969
Parorgerioides de Bergevin, 1928
Scirtophaca Emeljanov, 1969
Sphenarchus Emeljanov, 2003 (missing in FLOW as of 5 Feb. 2018)
Tachorga Emeljanov, 1969
Tigrahauda Oshanin, 1891
Tilimontia Emeljanov, 1969

Tribe Colobocini Emeljanov, 1969
Colobocus Emeljanov, 1969

Tribe Orgeriini Fieber, 1872: 4
Subtribe Orgeriina Fieber, 1872 (see also Fennah, 1962; Emeljanov 2006)
Acinaca Ball and Hartzell, 1922
Almanetta Emeljanov, 1999
Aridia Ball and Hartzell, 1922
Austrorgerius Woodward, 1960
Deserta Ball and Hartzell, 1922
Orgamara Ball, 1909
Orgerius Stål, 1859
Ticida Uhler, 1891 (= Loxophora Van Duzee, 1908)
Subgenus Heicophora Emeljanov, 2006
Subgenus Timodema Ball, 1909
Ticrania Emeljanov, 2006
Timonidia Ball and Hartzell, 1922
Yucanda Ball and Hartzell, 1922

Subtribe Ototettigina Emeljanov, 1969
Kumlika Oshanin, 1913
Ototettix Oshanin, 1913

Tribe Ranissini Emeljanov, 1969
Elysiaca Emeljanov, 1969
Subgenus Elysiaca Emeljanov, 1969
Subgenus Eupolia Emeljanov, 2009
Subgenus Sebasma Emeljanov, 2009
Parorgerius Melichar, 1912
Phyllorgerius Kusnezov, 1928
Ranissus Fieber, 1866 (= Schizorgerius Kusnezov, 1930, Palaeorgerius Fennah, 1944; synonyms by …?)
Subgenus Antherus Emeljanov, 2003
Subgenus Ranissus Fieber, 1866
Sphenocratus Horvath, 1910
Subgenus Calladrus Emeljanov, 2009
Subgenus Lentisca Emeljanov, 2009
Subgenus Sphenocratistus Emeljanov, 2009
Subgenus Sphenocratus Horváth, 1910

Fulgoridae (transferred from Dictyopharidae by Emeljanov 1979 etc.)

Subfamily DICHOPTERINAE Melichar, 1912: 15 (as tribe; http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/5566526)
Tribe Cladodipterini Metcalf, 1938 http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/5566448 (subfamily in Emeljanov 2011: 1122[1])
= Cladyphini Melichar, 1912: 7 (Cladyphinae)
Cladodiptera Spinola, 1839
Diacira Walker, 1858
Sclerodepsa Emeljanov, 2011

Tribe Dichopterini Melichar 1912
Dichoptera Spinola, 1839 (= Awaramada Distant, 1914)
Wedelphus† Szwedo & Wappler, 2006

Tribe Dorysarthrini Emeljanov, 1979b
Dorysarthrus Puton, 1895
Pibrocha Kirkaldy, 1902

Tribe Protachilini Emeljanov, 2013
Protachilus Fennah, 1944a

Subfamily Lyncidinae Schmidt, 1915: 345, 358 (as tribe) (http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/8826130)
Tribe Lyncidini Schmidt, 1915
= Bursini Melichar 1912: 175 (http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/5566636); repalced by Lyncidini by Schmidt 1915: 245 http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/8826117
Lyncides Stål, 1866

Tribe Risiini Fennah, 1962
Risius Stål, 1859

Subfamily Strongylodematinae Fennah, 1962 (see Emeljanov, 1979)
Tribe Capocleini Emeljanov, 2004b
Capocles Emeljanov, 2004b

Tribe Strongylodematini Fennah, 1962
Capenopsis Melichar, 1912
Codon Fennah, 1962
Strongylodemas Stål, 1853
Tecmar Fennah, 1962

Other transfers out of Dictyopharidae

Family Achilidae
Myrophenges Fennah, 1965 to Achilidae by ….
Issomimus Jacobi, 1910 to Cixiidae by …

Family Tropiduchidae
Bananellodes Strand, 1928. To Tropiduchidae by … [Zoo record 1958]
Euhiracia Melichar, 1908 (transferred from Dictyopharidae, Orgeriinae, Lyncidini to Tropiduchidae, Eutropistini, Duriina according to Fennah 1982: 640)
Intandela Hesse, 1925
Lagoana Melichar, 1905 (transferred from Dictyopharidae, Orgeriinae, Lyncidini to Tropiduchidae, Eutropistini, Duriina according to Fennah 1982: 640)
Montrouzierana Signoret, 1861 to Tropiduchidae by … ?

Family Cicadellidae
Daridna Walker, 1858 [Metcalf, 1946:29 in Dictyopharidae; 1964(VI:11):46, 56, 77 as jr. syn. of Coelidia] [by Evans, 1947:194. Status restored by Nielson, 1982:229.]

[1] Pagination of English version of text.

 

Literature for Dictyopharidae

This list of references should include al those that had a nomenclatural act that impacted higher taxa and genera, but may also include some that provided species descriptions, notes on biology, etc.  The list is probably incomplete (but also may have duplicates).

Amyot, C. J. B. & Audinet-Serville J. G. 1843. Deuxième partie. Homoptères. Homoptera Latr. Histoire Naturelle des insectes. Hemiptères 1843: 1-676.

Ball, E. D. 1902. Some new North American Fulgoridae. The Canadian Entomologist, 34, 147–157.

Ball, E. D. 1909. Some remarkable new leaf-hoppers of the family Fulgoridae. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington. Washington, D. C 22: 197-204.

Ball, E. D. 1937. Some new Fulgoridae from Western United States. Bulletin of the Brooklin Entomological Society 32: 171-183.

Ball, E. D. and A. Hartzell. 1922. A review of the desert leafhoppers of the Orgerini (Rhynchota Fulgoridae). Annals of the Entomological Society of America. Columbus, Ohio 15: 137-152 [146].

Bartlett, C. R., L. B. O’Brien and S. W. Wilson. 2014. A review of the planthoppers (Hemiptera: Fulgoroidea) of the United States. Memoirs of the American Entomological Society 50: 1-287.

Berg C. 1879. Hemiptera. Argentina. (Continuacion.). Anales de la Sociedad Cientifica Argentina. Buenos Aires 8: 178-192.

Bodenheimer, F. S. 1937. Prodromus Faunae Palestinae. Mémoires à l’Institut d’Egypte 33: 1-286.

Bourgoin, T. 2018. FLOW (Fulgoromorpha Lists on The Web), a world knowledge base dedicated to Fulgoromorpha. Version 8, updated 5 Feb. 2018. http://hemiptera–databases.org/flow/

Breakey, E. P. 1928. The genus Scolops (Homoptera, Fulgoridae). Bulletin of the University of Kansas, 18, 417–455.

Burmeister, H. C. C. 1835. Schnabelkerfe. Rhynchota. Fascicule 1. In: Burmeister H. C. C. 1835. Handbuch der Entomologie, 2. p. 99-183.

Costa, A. 1862. Rivista de’ generi e delle specie di Folgoridei e Dictioforidei dell ‘Italia meridionale continentale. Annuario del Museo Zoologico della R. Università di Napoli. Naples 1: 71-79.

de Bergevin, E. 1918. Description d’une nouvelle espèce de Bursinia. (Hém. Dictyopharinae) de la province d’Alger (massif du Zaccar). Bulletin de la Société Entomologique de France 1918: 160-162.

de Bergevin, E. 1923. Descriptions of two new species Hemiptera Homoptera of Egypt. Bulletin de la Société d’Histoire Naturelle de l’Afrique du Nord. Alger XIV: 173-176 [173].

de Bergevin, E. 1931. Résultats Hémiptèrologiques in Spedizione Scientifica all’Oasi di Cufra. (Marzo-Luglio 1931). Annali del Museo civico di Storia Naturale di Genova. Genova 55: 422-430.

Distant, W. L. 1887. Rhynchota: Homoptera. Biologia Centrali-Americana; contributions to the knowledge of the fauna and flora of Mexico and Central America 1: 33-40.

Distant, W. L. 1892. Contribution to a knowledge of the homopterous family Fulgoridae. Transactions of the Entomological Society of London, 1892, 275–286.

Distant, W. L. 1893. Contribution to a knowledge of the homopterous family Fulgoridae. Transactions of the Entomological Society of London (1892): 275-286.

Distant, W. L. 1906a. Rhynchotal notes. xl. Annals and Magazine of Natural History. London. (Ser. 7) 18: 349-356 [349].

Distant, W. L. 1906b. Some undescribed genera and species of South African Rhynchota. Transactions of the South African Philosophical Society, 16, 413–418.

Distant, W. L.  1906c. The Fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Rhynchota Vol. III (Heteroptera–Homoptera). Taylor & Francis, London.

Distant, W. L. 1910. Rhynchota Philippinensia, Part I. Philippine Journal of Science. Manila 5: 57-66.

Distant, W. L. 1914. Some additions to the genera and species in the Homopterous family Fulgoridae. Annals and Magazine of Natural History. London. (Ser. 8) 13: 409-424 [412].

Dlabola, J. & Heller F. 1962. Iranische Zikaden II (Ergebnisse der Entomologischen Reisen Willi Richter, Stuttgart, im Iran 1954 und 1956-Nr. 42). Stuttgarter Beitrage zur Naturkunde 90: 1-8 [2].

Dlabola, J. (1957) Results of the Zoological Expedition of the National Museum in Prague to Turkey. 20. Homoptera Auchenorrhyncha. Acta Entomological Museum Prague, 31, 19–68.

Dlabola, J. (1979) Neue Zikadenarten aus Anatolien, Iran und südeuropäischen Länden (Homoptera, Auchenorrhyncha). Acta Zoologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae, 25, 235–257.

Dlabola, J. (1986) Neue arten der fulgoromorphen zikaden–familien vom mittelmeergebiet und nahen osten (Homoptera, Auchenorrhyncha, Cixiidae, Meenoplidae, Derbidae, Dictyopharidae, Lophopidae und Issidae). Acta Entomologica Musei Nationalis Pragae, 42, 169–193.

Dlabola, J. 1957. Results of the Zoological Expedition of the National Museum in Prague to Turkey. 20. Homoptera Auchenorrhyncha. Acta Entomological Museum Prague 31: 19-68.

Dlabola, J. 1965. Jordanische Zikaden (Homoptera Auchenorryncha). (Bearbeitung der von J. Klapperich im Jahre 1956-9 in Jordanien, Libanon und Syrien gesammelten Ausbeute). Sborník entomologického oddelení Národního Musea v Praze 36: 419-450.

Dlabola, J. 1979. Neue Zikadenarten aus Anatolien, Iran und südeuropäischen Länden (Homoptera: Auchenorrhyncha). Acta Zoologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 25(3-4): 235-257.

Dlabola, J. 1984. Neue Zikadenarten aus Mediterraneum und dem Iran mit weiteren beitragen zur iranischen Fauna (Homoptera – Auchenorrhyncha). Acta Musei Nationalis Pragae 40B(1): 21-84.

Dlabola, J. 1986. Neue arten der fulgoromorphen zikaden-familien vom mittelmeergebiet und nahen osten (Homoptera, Auchenorrhyncha: Cixiidae, Meenoplidae, Derbidae, Dictyopharidae, Lophopidae und Issidae). Acta Entomologica Musei Nationalis Pragae 42: 169-193.

Dlabola, J. 1989. Neue Issiden und Andere Zikadenarten des Mediterraneums und von Zuliegenden Eremial (Homoptera, Auchenorrhyncha). Sborník Národního muzea v Praze, Rada B Pírodní Vedy = Acta Musei Nationalis Pragae, (Ser. B) 45(1): 21-59.

Doering, K. C. and H. H. Darby. 1943. A Contribution to the Taxonomy of the Genus Orgerius in America, North of Mexico (Fulgoridae, Homoptera) (Continued). Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 16(3): 73-98 [85].

Donovall, L.R., III. 2008 A generic revision of the new world Dictyopharinae (Hemiptera: Dictyopharidae). Masters Thesis. University of Delaware, Newark, Delaware.

Duffels, J.P. & Turner, H. (2002) Cladistic analysis and biogeography of the cicadas of the Indo–pacific subtribe Cosmopsaltriina (Hemiptera, Cicadoidea, Cicadidae). Systematic Entomology, 27, 235–261.

Dufour, L. 1849. Sur une nouvelle espèce du genre Dyctiophora. Annales des Sciences Naturelles. Comprenant la Physiologie animale et végétale, l’Anatomie comparée des deux règnes, la Zoologie, la Botanique, la Minéralogie et la Géologie. Paris. (Ser. 3) 11: 98-105 [98].

Emeljanov, A. F. 1964. New Cicadina from Kazakhstan (Homoptera, Auchenorrhyncha). Trudy Zool. Inst. AS USSR [Proc. Zool. Inst. Ac. Sci. USSR] 34: 3-51 [3].

Emeljanov, A. F. 1969. Reclassification of planthoppers the subfamily Orgeriinae (Homoptera, Dictyopharidae) of the palaearctic fauna. Entomologicheskoe Obozrenie 48(2): 324-339. [In Russian] [English translation: Entomological Review, 1969, 48(2): 189-198]

Emeljanov, A. F. 1972. New species of the subfamily Orgeriinae of palaearctic fauna (Homoptera, Dictyopharidae). Trudy VEO [Proc. Allunion Ent. Soc.] 55: 14-38.

Emeljanov, A. F. 1978. New genera and species of leafhoppers (Homoptera, Auchenorrhyncha) from the USSR and Mongolia. Entomologicheskoe Obozrenie 57(2): 316-332 [322].

Emeljanov, A. F. 1979a. Problema razgranichenhiya semeïstv Fulgoridae i Dictyopharidae (Homoptera, Auchenorrhyncha). [The problem of family distinction between the Fulgoridae and the Dictyopharidae (Homoptera, Auchenorrhyncha)] Trudy Zoologicheskogo Instituta Akademii Nauk SSSR, 82, 3–22. [In Russian]

Emeljanov, A. F. 1979b. New species of the leafhoppers (Homoptera, Auchenorrhyncha) from the Asiatic part of the USSR. Entomologicheskoe Obozrenie 58(2): 322-332.

Emeljanov, A. F. 1980. Filogeniya i evolyutsiya podsemseïstva Orgeriinae (Homoptera, Dictyopharidae). Chteniya pamyati Kholodkovskovo, 32, 3–96.

Emeljanov, A. F. 1983. Dictyopharidae from the Cretaceous deposits on the Taymyr Peninsula (Insecta, Homoptera). Paleontologicheskii Zhurnal 17(3): 79-85 (In Russian; English translation: Paleontological Journal 1983, 17: 77-82).

Emeljanov, A. F. 1997a. A new genus and species of the Dictyopharidae from Australia belonging to a new tribe (Homoptera, Cicadina). Zoosystematica Rossica 6 (1-2):77-82.

Emeljanov, A. F. 1997b. New species and new data on the distributin of the subfamily Orgeriinae in the Palaearctic Region (Homoptera: Dictyopharidae). Zoosystematica Rossica 6(1-2): 83-90 [86].

Emeljanov, A. F. 1998. A new genus of the family Issidae (Homoptera, Auchenorrhyncha) from Vietnam. Entomologicheskoe Obozrenie 77(3): 534-536.

Emeljanov, A. F. 1999. A new genus of planthoppers of the subfamily Orgeriinae (Homoptera, Dictyopharidae) from the Mediterranean. Entomologicheskoe Obozrenie 78(4): 825-827.

Emeljanov, A. F. 2003. The subgeneric division of the genus Dictyophara Germar, 1833 (Homoptera: Dictyopharidae). Russian Entomological Journal 12(4): 357-358.

Emeljanov, A. F. 2006. Taxonomic changes in American Orgeriinae (Homoptera; Dictyopharidae). Zoosystematica Rossica 15:73-76.

Emeljanov, A. F. 2008. New genera and new species of the family Dictyopharidae (Homoptera), with notes on the systematics of the subfamily Dictyopharinae. Entomologicheskoe Obozrenie 87(2): 360-396. [Russian, English translation Entomological Review 88: 296-328].

Emeljanov, A. F. 2009. Subgeneric division of some genera of the family Orgeriinae, with description of new subgenera (Homoptera: Dictyopharidae). Russian Entomological Journal 18(1): 47-50 [47].

Emeljanov, A. F. 2010. A New Genus of the Family Dictyopharidae (Homoptera) from Argentina. Entomological Review, 90, 724–726.

Emeljanov, A. F. 2011a. A new genus and a new species of lanternflies of the subfamily Cladyphinae (Homoptera, Fulgoridae). Entomologicheskoe Obozrenie 90(1): 159-165 [Entomological Review, 91, 484–489.].

Emeljanov, A. F. 2011b. Improved tribal delimitation of the subfamily Dictyopharinae and description of new genera and new species (Homoptera, Fulgoroidea, Dictyopharidae). Entomological Review, 91, 1122–1145.

Emeljanov, A. F. 2012a. [A new subgenus and new species of the planthopper family Lophopidae (Homoptera, Fulgoroidea) from Papua-NewGuinea]. Entomologicheskoe Obozrenie 91(4): 775-780. [Russian]

Emeljanov, A. F. 2012b. [Reviews and Scientific Discussions: Kuntz, H. R. Nickel, R Niedringhaus, Fotoatlas der Zikaden Deutschlands]. Entomologicheskoe Obozrenie 91(4): 889-890. [Russian [Russian, English translation Entomological Review 93(2): 194-198.]

Emeljanov, A. F. 2013. A new species of the genus Pibrocha Kirkaldy (Homoptera, Fulgoridae) with notes on the systematics of the subfamily Dichopterinae and with description of a new tribe. Entomologicheskoe Obozrenie 92(1): 123-129. [Russian, English translation Entomological Review 93(6): 775-780.]

Emeljanov, A. F. 2014. A new tribe, a new genus, and a new species of the subfamily Dictyopharinae (Homoptera, Dictyopharidae) from Chile. Entomologicheskoe Obozrenie 93(3): 646-652. [Entomological Review 94(9): 1323-1328.]

Emeljanov, A. F. 2015. A New Genus of Dictyopharidae (Homoptera) from Chile [in Russian]. Entomologicheskoe Obozrenie 94(1): 138-142 [Entomological Review, 95, 214–217].

Emeljanov, A. F. and F. Mozaffarian. 2012 A review of the Orgeriine (Homoptera, Dictyopharidae) fauna of Iran with description of new species. Zoologichesky Zhurnal 91(4): 428-434.

Emeljanov, A. F. and M. R. Wilson. 2009. First record of the family Dictyopharidae (Hemiptera, Fulgoromorpha) from Fiji, with the description of a new species of the genus Anasta Emeljanov. Bishop Museum Occasional Papers 106: 35-41.

Emeljanov, A. F. and V. M. Gnezdilov. 2014. Order Hemiptera, families Dictyopharidae and Fulgoridae. Arthropod Fauna of the United Arab Emirates 5: 247-253.

Emeljanov, A. F., Kuznetsova, V.G., Nokkala, C., Nokkala, S. (2005) Phylogeny and evolution of the subfamily Orgeriinae (Homoptera, Dictyopharidae). In: Abstracts of the 12th International Auchenorrhyncha Congress and the 5th International Workshop on Leafhoppers and Planthoppers of Economic Importance. Berkeley: University of California, CA, Symposium Auchenorrhychan Feeding Processes, S-15.

Emeljanov, A. F., T. Stern and A. Freidberg. 2012. The Dictyopharidae (Homoptera: Cicadina: Fulgoroidea) of Israel. Israel Journal of Entomology 41-42: 7-20.

Fabricius, J. C. 1781. Ryngota. In: Fabricius J. C. 1781. Species insectorum exhibentes eorum differentias specificas, synonyma auctorum, loca natalia, metamorphosin adiectis observationibus, descriptionibus, 2. p. 313-331. [315]

Fabricius, J. C. 1803. Rhyngota. In: Fabricius J. C. 1803. Systema Rhyngotorum secundum ordines, genera, species, adiectis synonymis, locis, observationibus, descriptionibus, 1803. p. 1-101.

Fennah, R. G. 1944a. New Dictyopharidae from the New World (Homoptera: Fulgoroidea). Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington. Washington, D. C 57: 77-94.

Fennah, R. G. 1944b. New Neotropical Fulgoroidea. American Museum Novitates. Published by the American Museum of Natural History. New York City 1265: 1-9.

Fennah, R. G. 1945. The Fulgoroidea, or lanternflies, of Trinidad and adjacent parts of South America. Proceedings of the United States National Museum. Washington 95: 411-520 [462].

Fennah, R. G. 1947 Notes on Neotropical Dictyopharidae and Synonomy in two other groups. Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections 107 (3904): 1-15.

Fennah, R. G. 1958a. Fulgoroidea from the Belgian Congo (Hemiptera: Homoptera). Annales du Musée du Congo Belge (Sciences Zoologique). (Ser. 8) (1957) 59: 1-206.

Fennah, R. G. 1958b. Fulgoroidea from West Africa. Bulletin de l’Institut Français Afrique Noire, 20, 460–538.

Fennah, R. G. 1962a. New Orgeriine Dictyopharidae from South Africa (Homoptera). Annals of the Natal Museum 15: 219-245.

Fennah, R. G. 1965. Fulgoroidea from Southern Chile (Hemiptera). Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History). Entomology, 17, 233–272.

Fennah, R. G. 1967. New and little known Fulgoroidea from South Africa (Homoptera). Annals of the Natal Museum 18(3): 655-714.

Fennah, R. G. 1978. Fulgoroidea (Homoptera) from Vietnam. Annales Zoologici Warszawa 34(9): 207-279.

Fieber, F. X. 1872. Katalog der europäischen Cicadinen, nach Originalien und Benützung der neuesten Literatur. Carl Gerold, Wien. Pp. I-IV, 1-19.

Fieber, F. X. 1876. Les Cicadines d’Europe d’après les originaux et les publications les plus récentes. Deuxième partie: Descriptions des espèces. Revue et Magasin de Zoologie pure et appliquée. Paris. (Ser. 3) 4: 11-268 [239].

Filippin, L., Jovic J., Cvrkovic T., Forte V., Clair D., Tosevski I, Boudon-Padieu E., Borgo M. & Angelini E. 2009. Molecular characteristics of phytoplasmas associated with Flavescence dorée in clematis and grapevine and preliminary results on the role of Dictyophara europaea as a vector. Plant Pathology 58: 826-837.

Fowler, W. W. 1900. Order Rhynchota. Suborder Hemiptera-Homoptera. (Continued). The subfamily Acanaloniinae with descriptions of the species. Biologia Centrali-Americana; contributions to the knowledge of the fauna and flora of Mexico and Central America 1: 44-48.

Gebicki, C., D. Swierczewski and J. Szwedo. 2013. Planthoppers and leafhoppers of Poland (Hemiptera: Fulgoromorpha et Cicadomorpha). Systematics. Check-list. Bionomy. The Monograph. Annals of the Upper Silesia Museum, Entomology 21-22: 5-259.

Germar, E. F. 1818. Bemerkungen über einige Gattungen der Cicadarien. Magazin der Entomologie. Halle 3: 177-227.

Germar, E. F. 1830. Species Cicadarium enumeratae et sub genera distributae. Thon’s Entomologisches Archiv 2(2): 1-57 [48].

Germar, E. F. 1833. Conspectus generum Cicadariarum. Revue entomologique, publiée par Gustave Silbermann. Strassburg et Paris 1: 174-184.

Gerstaecker, C. E. A. 1895. Ueber einige bemerkenswerthe Fulgorinen der Greifswalder zoologischen Sammlung. Mittheilungen des Naturwissenschaftlichen Vereines für Neu-Vorpommern und Rügen. Greifswald 27: 1-50.

Guérin-Méneville, F. E. 1849. Famille des Cicadaires in Partie entomologiques. In: Lefebvre A. 1849. Voyage en Abyssinie exécuté pendant les années 1839, 1840, 1841, 1842 et 1843, 6. p. 243-398. [343]

Haupt, H. 1917. Neue paläarktische Homoptera nebst Bemerkungen über einige schon bekannte. Wiener Entomologische Zeitung. Wien 36: 229-262.

Haupt, H. 1926. Beitrag zur Kenntnis der Homopteren-Fauna der Philippinen. Philippine Journal of Science. Manila 29: 431-445 [431].

Horváth, G. 1905. Hemipteren in Ergebnisse einer naturwissenschaftlichen Reise zum Erdschias-Dagh (Kleinasien). Annalen des k.k Naturhistorischen Hofmuseums. Wien 20: 179-189.

Horváth, G. 1910. Ad cognitionem Dictyopharinarum regionis palaearcticae. Annales Historico-Naturales Musei Nationalis Hungarici. Budapest 8: 175-184.

Horváth, G. 1911. Hemiptera nova vel minus cognita e regione palaearctica. II. Annales Historico-Naturales Musei Nationalis Hungarici. Budapest 9: 573-610 [609].

Horváth, G. 1936. ?. Eos 11: 385-386.

ICZN, 1955. Opinion 322. Validation, under the Plenary Powers, of the generic name Fulgora Linnaeus, 1767 (Class lnsecta, Order Hemiptera) and designation for the genus so named of a type species in harmony with current nomenclatorial practice. Opinions and declaractions rendered by the International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature 9(13): 185-208.

Jacobi, A. 1917. Die Zikadenfauna Madagascars und der Comoren. In: Jacobi A. 1917. Voeltzkow’s Reise in Ostafrika, 3. p. 519-552.

Jacobi, A. 1943. Neue Fulgoriden aus Belgisch Congo (Rhynchota Homoptera). Revue de Zoologie et de Botanique Africaines. Ostend 37: 8-9.

Kirby, W. F. 1891. Catalogue of the described Hemiptera Heteroptera and Homoptera of Ceylon, based on the collection formed by Mr. E. Ernest Green. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society. London 24: 72-176.

Kirkaldy, G. W. 1902. Memoirs on Oriental Rhynchota. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society. Bombay 14: 46-58.

Kirkaldy, G. W. 1904. Bibliographical and nomenclatorial notes on the Hemiptera No. 3. The Entomologist. An illustrated Journal of Entomology. London 37: 279-283.

Kirkaldy, G. W. 1906. Leafhoppers and their natural enemies. (Pt. IX Leafhoppers. Hemiptera). Report of work of the Experiment Station of the Hawaiian Sugar Planters’ Association. Division of Entomology. Bulletin, 1, 271–479.

Kirkaldy, G. W. 1913. On some new species of leafhoppers. Part 1. Bulletin. Hawaiian Sugar Planters’ Association Experiment Station. Division of Entomology 12: 7-27.

Kolenati, F. 1857. Homoptera Latreille. Leach. Gulaerostria Zetterstedt. In: Meletemata Entomologica. Bulletin de la Société Impériale des Naturalistes de Moscou. Moscou 30: 399-429.

Krstic, O., Radonjic S., Hrncic S., Cvrkovic T., Mitrovic M., Kosovac A., Tosevski I & Jovic J. 2012. Diverzitet faune Auchenorrhyncha u vinogradima Crne Gore. Zastita Bilja 63(2): 107-112.

Kusnezov, V. 1928. Orgeriaria. (Homoptera-Fulgoridae). Konowia. Zeitschrift für systematische Insektenkunde (mit Ausschluss von Coleopterologie und Lepidopterologie) unter Mitwirkung führender Entomologen. Wien 7: 88-92.

Kusnezov, V. 1933. Beiträge zur Kenntnis der asiatischen Arten der Tribus Orgeriaria (Homoptera). Revue d’Entomologie de l’URSS. Publiée par la Société entomologique de l’URSS. 25:145-153.] [Almanina?]

Kusnezov, V. 1936. Ubersicht der asiatischen Orgeriidae. (Homopt. Fulgoridae-Orgeriidae.). Konowia. Zeitschrift für systematische Insektenkunde (mit Ausschluss von Coleopterologie und Lepidopterologie) unter Mitwirkung führender Entomologen. Wien 15: 65-84. [may not be correct reference]

Lallemand, V. 1935. Homoptères des Iles de la Sonde et de l’Australie du Nord. Revue Suisse de Zoologie. Annales de la Société Zoologique Suisse et du Muséum d’Histoire Naturelle de Genève. Genève 42: 661-681 [672].

Lallemand, V. 1942. Homoptères recueillis par M. L. Chopard en Afrique Occidentale (nov.1938-janv. 1939). Bulletin de la Société Entomologique de France 47: 68-71 [69].

Lethierry, L. F. 1892. Liste d’Hémiptères récoltés à Mahé (Inde) par M. Em. Deschamps. Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France. Paris 1892: 207-209.

Liang, Ai-Ping 2001. Taxonomic notes on Oriental and Eastern Palaearctic Fulgoroidea (Hemiptera). Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society [2000], 73(4): 235-237.

Liang, Ai-Ping 2005. Occurrence of the latero-subapical labial sensillum in Borysthenes maculata and Andes marmorata (Hemiptera: Fulgoromorpha: Cixiidae). Journal of Entomological Science 40(4): 428-437.

Liang, Ai-Ping and Zhi-Shun Song. 2006. Revision of the Oriental and eastern Palaearctic planthopper genus Saigona Matsumura, 1910 (Hemiptera: Fulgoroidea: Dictyopharidae), with descriptions of five new species. Zootaxa 25-54.

Liang, Ai-Ping and Zhi-Shun Song. 2012 Revision of the Austro-Oriental Planthopper Genus Dictyomorpha with Description of a New Genus Indodictyophara gen. nov. from South India (Hemiptera: Fulgoroidea: Dictyopharidae). Annals of the Entomological Society of America 105(3): 403-421.

Liang, Ai-Ping, Zhi-Shun Song and Guo-Mei Jiang. 2006. Sphenocratus xinjiangensis Liang, sp. nov., the first authentic record of the dictyopharid subfamily Orgeriinae (Hemiptera: Fulgoroidea: Dictyopharidae) in China. Zootaxa 55-61.

Linnaeus, C. 1758. Systema Naturae per Regna Tria Naturae, Secundum Classes, Ordines, Genera, Species, cum Characteribus, Differentiis, Synonymis, Locis. (Editio Decima, Reformata ed. Tomus 1). Holmiae (= Stockholm), L. Salvii.

Linnaeus, C. 1767. Systema Naturae per Regna Tria Naturae, Secundum Classes, Ordines, Genera, Species, cum Characteribus, Differentiis, Synonymis, Locis. (Editio Duodecima, Reformata ed. Tomus 1). Holmiae (= Stockholm), L. Salvii. [p. 703-712.]

Linnavuori, R. E. 1953. Contributions to the Hemipterous fauna of Palestine II. Annales Entomologici Fennici 19: 119-124.

Linnavuori, R. E. 1962. Hemiptera of Israel. Annales Zoologici Societatis Zoologicae-Botanicae Fennicae ‘Vanamo’. (Ser. 3) 24: 1-108.

Linnavuori, R. E. 1965. Studies on the South- and East- mediterranean Hemipterous fauna. Acta Entomologica Fennica., Helsinki 21: 1-69.

Linnavuori, R. E. 1970. On some Palearctic Hemiptera. Annales Entomologici Fennici 36: 91-99.

Matsumura S. 1910. Monographie der Dictyophorinen Japans. Transactions of the Sapporo Natural History Society. Sapporo 3: 99-113.

Matsumura, S. 1913. Thousand insects of Japan additamenta. 1: 184 pp.

Matsumura, S. 1940. New species of Dictyophridae (Homoptera) from Manchoukuo and the neighbouring countries. Insecta Matsumurana, 15, 14–20.

McPherson, K.R. & Wilson, S.W. (1995) The planthopper genus Phylloscelis in the United States (Homoptera: Dictyopharidae). Insecta Mundi, 9, 177–188.

Melichar, L. 1903. Homopteren-Fauna von Ceylon. 1903: 248 pp. [21]

Melichar, L. 1905. Beitrag zur Kenntnis der Homopterenfauna Deutsch-Ost-Afrikas. Wiener Entomologische Zeitung. Wien 24(9 et 10): 279-304.

Melichar, L. 1912. Monographie der Dictyopharidae (Homoptera). Abhandlungen der K. K. Zoologisch-Botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien 7 (1): 1-221. http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/5566456.

Meng, R. and Y.L. Wang. 2012. Two new species of the genus Celyphoma Emeljanov, 1971 (Hemiptera: Fulgoromorpha: Issidae) from China. Zootaxa 3497: 17-28.

Metcalf Z. P. 1923. A key to the Fulgoridae of Eastern North America with descriptions of new species. Journal of the Elisha Mitchell Scientific Society, 38, 139–230.

Metcalf, Z. P. 1938. The Fulgorina of Barro Colorado and other parts of Panama. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology at Harvard College. Cambridge, Mass 82: 277-423.

Metcalf, Z. P. 1946. Part 8. Dictyopharidae. In: Metcalf Z. P. 1954. General Catalogue of the Homoptera. Fascicule IV, North Carolina State College, Raleigh (United States of America). p. 1-246.

Metcalf, Z. P. 1955. New names in Homoptera. Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences. Washington 45: 262-267.

Mitjaev, I. D. 1967. New and poorly known species of Homoptera, Auchenorrhyncha from East Kazakhstan. Entomologicheskoe Obozrenie 46: 712-723.

Mitjaev, I. D. 1994. New species of cicades of the genus Cnodalum (Cicadinea, Orgeriinae) from Kazakhstan. Zoologicheskii Zhurnal 73(1): 55-58.

Mozaffarian, F. and M. R. Wilson. 2011. An annotated checklist of the planthoppers of Iran (Hemiptera, Auchenorrhyncha, Fulgoromorpha) with distribution data. ZooKeys 145: 1-57.

Muir, F. A. G. 1923a. On the classification of the Fulgoroidea (Homoptera). Proceedings of the Hawaiian Entomological Society 5: 205-247.

Muir, F. A. G. 1923b. On the Classification of the Fulgoroidea (Homoptera). Proceedings of Hawaiian Entomological Society, 5, 205–247.

Muir, F. A. G. 1931. New and little-known Fulgoroidea from South America. Proceedings of the Hawaiian Entomological Society. Honolulu 7: 469-480 [470].

Muir, F. A. G. 1934. LVIII. New and little known Fulgoroidea (Homoptera). Annals and Magazine of Nature History (series 10), 14, 582–586.

Mushtaq, S. 1989. Some less known families of Fulgoroidea recorded from Pakistan and adjoining countries. Ph.D. Thesis. Department of Zoology, Universty Karachi, Karachi, Pakistan.

Mushtaq, S. 1994. Family Dictyopharidae, Fulgoroidea: Homoptera) from Pakistan. Pakistan Entomologist, 16, 1–32.

Mushtaq, Shakila. 1984. Morphotaxonomical studies of some families of Fulgoroidea found in Pakistan and adjoining countries (Homoptera: Fulgoroidea). Thesis. 387 pp. University of Karachi, Department of Zoology, Karachi (Oregon).

Mushtaq, Shakila. 1991. Gilgitia, a new genus of the family Dictyopharidae (Homoptera: Fulgoroidea) from Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Zoology 23(4): 289-290 [289].

Nast, J. 1949. Notes on the genus Aluntia Stal with description of a new species Aluntia hova sp. n. from Madagascar (Homoptera, Dictyopharidae). Annales Musei Zoologici Polonici. Warsaw 14: 121-124 [121].

O’Brien, L. B. 2002. The wild wonderful world of Fulgoromorpha. Leafhoppers, Planthoppers, and Cicadas (Insecta, Hemiptera, Auchenorrhyncha) (ed. by W.E. Holzinger), pp. 83–102. Zikaden, Oberosterreichisches Landesmuseum, Linz, Austria.

Onuki, S. 1901. [Study of the Homoptera injurious to the rice fields.]. [Special Report of the Agricultural Experiment Station, Nishigahara. Tokio] 10:[1-74]. Plate(s): [1-14]. [Text and title in Japanese.]

Oshanin, V. T. 1879. Materials for the study of the fauna of the Hemiptera of Turkestan. Annales de la Section du Turkestan de la Société des Amis des Sciences Naturelles, de l’Antropologie et de l’Ethnographie 1: 99-163.

Oshanin, V. T. 1891. A list of species with notes on distribution. Mémoires de la Section caucasienne de la Société russe impériale de géographie 23(1): 1-116.

Oshanin, V. T. 1908. Beiträge zur Kenntnis der palearktischen Hemipteren. I. Neue Gattungen und Arten von Homopteren aus Russisch-Asien. Annuaire du Musée Zoologique de l’Académie Impériale des Sciences de St.-Pétersbourg. Saint Petersburg 12: 463-477 [471].

Oshanin, V. T. 1913. Synopsis der Tribus Orgeriaria der russischen Fauna. (Hemiptera-Homoptera). Revue Russe d’Entomologie. Publiée par la Société Entomologique de Russie. St. Petersbourg 13: 135-147.

Palisot de Beauvois, A. M. F. J. 1820. Insectes recueillis en Afrique et en Amérique, dans les Royaumes d’Oware et de Benin, à Saint-Domingue et dans les Etats-Unis, pendant les années 1786-1797. 1820: 167-170.

Puton, A. 1884. Hémiptères nouveaux. Revue d’Entomologie. Publiée par la Société Française d’Entomologie 3: 85-88.

Puton, A. 1895. Hémiptères nouveaux. Revue d’Entomologie. Publiée par la Société Française d’Entomologie 14: 83-91.

Puton, A. 1899. Catalogue des Hémiptères (Hétéroptères, Cicadines et Psyllides) d’Europe et du bassin de la Méditerranée. 4ème Ed. 121 pp.

Remes Lenicov, A. M. M. & Hernández M. C. 2010. A new species of Taosa (Hemiptera: Dictyopharidae) from South America associated with water hyacinth. Annals of the Entomological Society of America. Columbus, Ohio 103(3): 332-340.

Rui, M. and Y.L. Wang. 2012. Two new species of the genus Celyphoma Emeljanov, 1971 (Hemiptera: Fulgoromorpha: Issidae) from China. Zootaxa 3497: 17-28.

Sacco, J., G.C. Walsh, M.C. Hernandez, A.J. Sosa, M.V.Cardo, and G. Elsesser. 2013. Feeding impact of the planthopper Taosa longula (Hemiptera: Dictyopharidae) on water hyacinth, Eichhornia crassipes (Pontederiaceae). Biocontrol Science and Technology 23(2): 160-169.

Schaum, H. R. 1850. Fulgorellae. Erster Section A-G. In: Ersch I. S. & Gruber I. G. 1850. Allgemeine Encyklopädie der Wissenschaften und Kunste in alnhaberischen folge von Genannten Schriftstellern bearbeitet und herausgegeben, 51. p. 58-73.

Schmidt, E. 1906. Beitrag zur Kenntnis der Fulgoriden. Die Gattung Miasa Distant. Stettiner Entomologische Zeitung, 67, 280–286.

Schmidt, E. 1911. Beitrag zur Kenntnis der Homopteren. (Neue Gattungen und Arten). Entomologische Zeitung. Herausgegeben von dem entomologischen Vereine zu Stettin. Stettin 72: 238-307.

Schmidt, E. 1915. Die Dictyopharinen des Stettiner Museums. (Hemiptera Homoptera). Entomologische Zeitung (Herausgegeben von dem entomologischen Vereine zu Stettin). 76: 345-358. http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/8826117.

Schumacher, F. 1915. Homoptera in H. Sauter’s Formosa-Ausbeute. Supplementa Entomologica 4: 108-142.

Scudder, S. H. 1890. The fossil insects of North America (with notes on some European species). 2. The Tertiary insects of North America. Report of the United States geological Survey of the Territories 13: 1-734.

Song, Z.-S. 2007. Taxonomic study on Dictyopharidae (Hemiptera, Fulgoroidea) from China and Adjacent regions. Ph.D. Thesis, Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China.

Song, Zhi-Shun and Ai-Ping Liang. 2006a. First record of the genus Dictyopharina Melichar, 1903 (Hemiptera: Fulgoroidea: Dictyopharidae) from China, with descriptions of two new species. Zootaxa 1166: 21-23.

Song, Zhi-Shun and Ai-Ping Liang. 2006b. Two new species of the genus Dictyopharina Melichar (Hemiptera, Fulgoroidea, Dictyopharidae) from Southeast Asia. Acta Entomologica Sinica 31(3): 595-600.

Song, Zhi-Shun and Ai-Ping Liang. 2007. A new species of the Oriental planthopper genus Tenguna Matsumura, 1910 (Hemiptera: Fulgoroidea: Dictyopharidae) from Xizang, China. Zootaxa 1439: 57-64.

Song, Zhi-Shun and Ai-Ping Liang. 2008a. New record of the genus Indrival Fennah, 1978 (Hemiptera, Fulgoroidea, Dictyopharidae) from China. Acta Entomologica Sinica 33(1): 33-36.

Song, Zhi-Shun and Ai-Ping Liang. 2008b. The palaearctic planthopper genus Dictyophara Germar, 1933 (Hemiptera: Fulgoroida: Dictyopharidae) in China. Annales Zoologici Warszawa 58(3): 537-549.

Song, Zhi-Shun and Ai-Ping Liang. 2011a. Taxonomic revision of the Oriental planthopper genus Putala, with description of a new species and resurrection of the genus Avephora (Hemiptera: Fulgoroidea: Dictyopharidae). Annals of the Entomological Society of America. Columbus, Ohio 104(2): 154-170.

Song, Zhi-Shun and Ai-Ping Liang. 2011b. Two new genera and two new species of Oriental dictyopharid planthoppers (Hemiptera: Fulgoromorpha: Dictyopharidae) from Sri Lanka and southern India. Zootaxa 2740: 24-34.

Song, Zhi-Shun and Ai-Ping Liang. 2012a. Taxonomic revision of the Oriental genus Metaurus Stål (Hemiptera: Fulgoromorpha: Dictyopharidae), with description of a new species. Journal of Natural History 46(41-41): 2563-2575 [2571].

Song, Zhi-Shun and Ai-Ping Liang. 2012b.Dictyotenguna choui, a new genus and species of Dictyopharinae (Hemiptera: Fulgoromorpha: Dictyopharidae) from China. Entomotaxonomia 34(2): 207-214.

Song, Zhi-Shun and Ai-Ping Liang. 2013. A Preliminary Molecular Phylogeny of Planthoppers (Hemiptera: Fulgoroidea) Based on Nuclear and Mitochondrial DNA Sequences. PLoS ONE, 8(3), e58400.

Song, Zhi-Shun and Ai-Ping Liang. 2013. Review of the genus Anasta Emeljanov (Hemiptera: Dictyopharidae: Hastini) from the Australasian region. Zootaxa 3741(4): 551-568.

Song, Zhi-Shun and Ai-Ping Liang. 2013a. Review of the genus Doryphorina Melichar, 1912 (Hemiptera: Fulgoromorpha: Dictyopharidae). Journal of Insect Biodiversity 1(7): 1-12.

Song, Zhi-Shun and Ai-Ping Liang. 2013b. Review of the genus Anasta Emeljanov (Hemiptera: Dictyopharidae: Hastini) from the Australasian region. Zootaxa 3741(4): 551-568.

Song, Zhi-Shun, I. Malenovsky and Ai-Ping Liang. 2016. Revision of the Afrotropical genus Fernandea Melichar, 1912 (Hemiptera: Fulgoromorpha: Dictyopharidae), with description of a new species from Equatorial Guinea. Zootaxa 4139(1): 106-116.

Song, Zhi-Shun, I. Malenovsky and Ai-Ping Liang. 2017. Revision of the Afrotropical planthopper genus Centromeriana Melichar, 1912 (Hemiptera, Dictyopharidae). European Journal of Taxonomy 278: 1-21.

Song, Zhi-Shun, J. Deckert and Ai-Ping Liang. 2012. Revision of the Oriental genus Leprota Melichar (Hemiptera, Fulgoromorpha, Dictyopharidae), with description of a new species from northern Borneo, Malaysia. Deutsche entomologische Zeitschrift 59(2): 217-224.

Song, Zhi-Shun, J. Deckert and Ai-Ping Liang. 2017. Review of the oriental genus Protolepta Melichar, with description of the second species from Sulawesi, Indonesia (Hemiptera: Auchenorrhyncha: Dictyopharidae: Orthopagini). Entomologica Americana (2016) 122(3): 467-475.

Song, Zhi-Shun, J. Szwedo, Rong-Rong Wang and Ai-Ping Liang. 2016d. Systematic revision of Aluntiini Emeljanov, 1979 (Hemiptera: Fulgoromorpha: Dictyopharidae: Dictyopharinae): reclassification, phylogenetic analysis, and biogeography. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society. London 176: 349-398.

Song, Zhi-Shun, M. D. Webb and Ai-Ping Liang. 2016. Phylogenetic analysis of the Oriental genera of Orthopagini Emeljanov, 1983 (Hemiptera: Fulgoromorpha: Dictyopharidae: Dictyopharinae), with a systematic revision of the genus Centromeria Stål, 1870. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society. London 178: 33-87.

Song, Zhi-Shun, M.D. Webb, and Ai-Ping Liang. 2014. Systematic revision of the oriental planthopper genus Miasa Distant (Hemiptera: Fulgoromorpha: Dictyopharidae), with description of a new genus from southern India. Arthropod Systematics and Phylogeny 72(2): 137-164.

Song, Zhi-Shun, T. Bourgoin, and Ai-Ping Liang. 2011. Review of the Oriental monotypic genus Pibrocha Kirkaldy (Hemiptera, Fulgoromorpha, Fulgoridae, Dorysarthrinae). ZooKeys 132: 1-12.

Spinola, M. 1839. Essai sur les Fulgorelles, sous-tribu des Cicadaires, ordre des Rhyngotes. Annales de la Société Entomologique de France 8: 133-337, pls. 1-7.

Spinola, M. 1852. Tribu IV.-Hipocefalocera. Gay’s Historia fisica y politica de Chile 7: 238-305.

Stål, C. 1859. Hemiptera. Species novas descripsit. Fregatten Eugenies Resa. Arkiv for Zoologi. Utgifvet af K. Svenska Vetenskaps-akademien. Stockholm 4: 219-298 [273].

Stål, C. 1861. Miscellanea hemopterologica. Entomologische Zeitung. Herausgegeben von dem entomologischen Vereine zu Stettin. Stettin 22: 129-153 [150].

Stål, C. 1862a. Synonymiska och systematiska anteckningar öfver Hemiptera. Ofversigt af Kongliga Svenska Vetenskaps-Akademiens Förhandlingar. Stockholm 19: 479-504.

Stål, C. 1862b. Bidrag till Rio de Janeiro–tratkens Hemipterfauna.II. Handlingar. Kongliga Svenska Vetenskaps Akademien, 3, 1–75.

Stål, C. 1866. Hemiptera Homoptera Latr. Hemiptera Africana 4: 1-276.

Stål, C. 1870. Hemiptera insularum Philippinarum. Bidrag till Philippinska öarnes Hemipter-fauna. Ofversigt af Kongliga Svenska Vetenskaps-Akademiens Förhandlingar 27: 607-776.

Stroinski, A. and J. Szwedo. 2015. Why so scarce? Dictyopharidae from Madagascar (Hemiptera: Fulgoromorpha). Zootaxa 4033(3): 363-379.

Synave, H. 1965. Dictyopharidae. Exploration du Parc National Garamba. Mission H. de Saeger (1949-1952) 47: 1-63.

Synave, H. 1969. Note sur le genre Taosa Distant (Dictyopharidae) et sur Harmosa bivulneratum Fennah (Eurybrachidae) (Homoptera Fulgoroidea). Bulletin de l’Institut Royal des Sciences Naturelles de Belgique, 45, 1–17.

Synave, H. 1971 Le genre Raphiophora Schaum (Homoptera-Dictyopharidae). Bulletin de l’Institut Royal des Sciences Naturelles de Belgique, 47, 1–12.

Synave, H. 1979. Description d’espèces nouvelles appartenant aux familles: Cercopidae, Cixiidae, Derbidae, Dictyopharidae et Tropiduchidae (Homoptera). Bulletin du Musée Royal d’Histoire Naturelle de Belgique. Bruxelles 51(6): 1-31 [11].

Szwedo, J. 2008. A new tribe of Dictyopharidae planthoppers from Eocene Baltic amber (Hemiptera: Fulgoromorpha: Fulgoroidea), with a brief review of the fossil record of the family. Palaeodiversity 1: 75-85.

Szwedo, J. and T. Wappler. 2006. New planthoppers (Insecta: Hemiptera: Fulgoromorpha) from the Middle Eocene Messel maar. Annales Zoologici 56(3): 555-566 [556].

Uhler, P. R. 1876. List of Hemiptera of the Region West of the Mississippi River, including those collected during the Hayden Exploration of 1873. Bulletin of the United States Geological and Geographical Survey of the Territories, 1, 269–361.

Uhler, P. R. 1891. Remarkable new Homoptera. Transactions of the Maryland Academy of Sciences. Baltimore 1: 143-147.

Uhler, P. R. 1896. Summary of the Hemiptera of Japan presented to the United States National Museum by Professor Mitzukuri. Proceedings of the United States National Museum, 19, 255–297.

Urban, J. M. and J. R. Cryan. 2009. Entomologically famous, evolutionarily unexplored, The first phylogeny of the lanternfly family Fulgoridae (Insecta, Hemiptera, Fulgoroidea). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 50, 471–484.

Van Duzee, E. P. 1908. Studies in North American Fulgoridae. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia. Philadelphia 1907: 467-498 [473].

Van Duzee, E. P. 1923. Expedition of the California Academy of Sciences to the Gulf of California in 1921. The Hemiptera (Trus Bugs, etc.). Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences. San Francisco. (Ser. 4) 12: 123-200 [187].

Van Duzee, E. P. 1934. An interesting new Fulgorid. (Hemiptera). Pan-Pacific Entomologist. San Francisco 10: 191-192.

Walker, F. 1851. List of the specimens of Homopterous Insects in the collection of the British Museum. Part II. Order of the Trustees, London.

Walker, F. 1857. Catalogue of the Homopterous insects collected at Singapore and Malacca by Mr. A. R. Wallace, with descriptions of new species, Journal of the Proceedings of the Linnean Society, 1, 82–100.

Walker, F. 1858a. Supplement. In: Walker F. 1858. Supplement. List of the specimens of Homopterous insects in the collection of the British Museum, p. 1-307.

Walker, F. 1858b. Insecta saundersiana: or characters of undescribed insects in the collection of William Wilson Saunders. Homoptera. Hohn Van Voorst, Paternoster, London.

Westwood, J. O. 1845. Illustrations of some new Fulgoridae from Colombia and Mexico. In: Westwood J. O. 1845. Arcana Entomologica or illustrations of new, rare, and interesting insects, 2. p. 90

Willman, R. 1977. Mecopteren aus dem untereozänen Moler des Limfjordes (Dänemark). Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie Monatshefte 12: 735-744.

Willman, R. 1984. Zur systematischen Stellung mesozoischer und tertiäirer Mecopteren einschlietBlich Eoses triassica Tindale (angeblich Lepidoptera) (Insecta, Holometabola). Palaeontologische Zeitschrift 58(3/4): 231-246.

Wilson, S. W. and L. B. O’Brien. 1987. A survey of planthopper pests of economically important plants (Homoptera, Fulgoroidea). Proceedings of the 2nd International Workshop on Leafhoppers and Planthoppers of Economic Importance (ed. by M.R. Wilson and L.R. Nault), pp. 343–360. CAB International Institute of Entomology, London.

Wilson, S. W., C. Mitter, R. F. Denno and M. R. Wilson. 1994. Evolutionary patterns of host plant use by delphacid planthoppers and their relatives. Planthoppers, Their Ecology and Management (ed. by R.F. Denno and T.J. Perfect), pp. 7–45. Chapman and Hall, New York.

Woodward, T. E. 1960. Studies on Queensland Hemiptera. Part IV. The first record of Orgeriinae (Fulgoroidea; Dictyopharidae) from Australia. University of Queensland Papers, Department of Entomology 1(10): 149-156 [149].

Xing, Ji-Chun and Xiang-Sheng Chen. 2013. Two new replacement names for the planthopper genera in Dictyopharidae (Hemiptera, Fulgoromorpha). ZooKeys 309: 66-69 [68].

Zheng, Y.L. and Xiang-Sheng Chen. 2012 A new species of the genus Dictyopharina Melichar (Hemiptera, Fulgoroidea, Dictyopharidae) from China. Acta Zootaxonomica Sinica 37(1): 144-147. http://www.zootax.com.cn/viewmulu_en.aspx?qi_id=749&mid=20225

Zheng, Y.L. and Xiang-Sheng Chen. 2014. A new species of Dictyotenguna Song & Liang, 2012 from China (Hemiptera, Fulgoromorpha, Dictyopharidae). Zookeys 429: 63-68. DOI: 10.3897/zookeys.429.6950.

Zheng, Y.L. and Xiang-Sheng. Chen. 2014 Two new species of the genus Doryphorina Melichar, 1912 (Hemiptera, Fulgoromorpha, Dictyopharidae) from China. ZooKeys 416: 31-39. DOI: 10.3897/zookeys.416.7498.

Zheng, Y.L., L. Yang, and Xiang-Sheng Chen. 2014 Four new species of the genus Saigona Matsumura (Hemiptera, Fulgoromorpha, Dictyopharidae) from China. Zookeys 462: 27-41. DOI: 10.3897/zookeys.462.7500.

Print Friendly, PDF & Email