- 1 Family Derbidae Spinola, 1839
- 1.0.1 Subfamily Derbinae Spinola, 1839
- 1.0.2 Tribe Cenchreini Muir, 1917
- 126.96.36.199 Genus: Omolicna Fennah, 1945: 440.
- 188.8.131.52 Subgenus:
- 184.108.40.206 Synonyms:
- 220.127.116.11 Distribution:
- 18.104.22.168 Recognized species
- 22.214.171.124 Economic Importance:
- 126.96.36.199 Plant associations:
- 188.8.131.52 Recognition:
- 184.108.40.206 Online resources.
- 220.127.116.11 Collecting
- 18.104.22.168 Molecular resources:
- 22.214.171.124 Selected references:
Family Derbidae Spinola, 1839
Subfamily Derbinae Spinola, 1839
Tribe Cenchreini Muir, 1917
Genus: Omolicna Fennah, 1945: 440.
Type species: Omolicna proxima Fennah, 1945: 440.
The subgenus Agoo Bahder & Bartlett, 2019 contains (for now) the species Omolicna (Agoo) xavieri Bahder & Bartlett, 2019. All other species are in the subgenus Omolicna.
**Bahder et al. (2020) gave Agoo the new status of a full genus.
Phaciocephalus Kirkaldy, 1906: 428 (in part; type species Phaciocephalus vitiensis Kirkaldy 1906: 428); Caldwell 1951: 201 (in Caldwell & Martorell 1951), also Fennah 1952: 126. (Caldwell and Martorell 1951 specified only the ‘uhleri group’)
Nearctic (especially southeast) and Neotropics.
Distribution of Omolicna from FLOW (13 Jan. 2020)
There are 6 species in the genus in the US (Omolicna nigripennis gets into Texas) plus 17 Neotropical species. All species except O. xavieri are in the subgenus Omolicna.
Omolicna fulva (Van Duzee, 1909) [Metcalf 1945: 102] – USA: FL; Cuba; Panama.
= Cenchrea fulva Van Duzee, 1909: 195
= Phaciocephalus fulvus (Van Duzee, 1909); comb. by Myers 1926: 91, 103; also Fennah 1952: 136.
= Syntames fulvus (Van Duzee, 1909); comb. by Metcalf 1938: 328. = Omolicna fulvus (Van Duzee, 1909); comb. by implication Fennah 1952: 136; also Wilson & McPherson 1980b: 13.
= Omolicna fulva (Van Duzee, 1909); emendation by O’Brien 1982b: 320.
Omolicna joi Wilson, Halbert and Bexine (in Halbert et al. 2014) – USA: FL
Omolicna mcateei (Dozier, 1928) [Metcalf 1945: 102] – USA: FL, GA, MS, NC, TN
= Cenchrea mcateei Dozier, 1928: 128.
= Syntames mcateei (Dozier, 1928); comb. by Metcalf 1938: 328, 329
= Phaciocephalus mcateei (Dozier, 1928); comb. by Caldwell 1944b: 102.
= Phaciocephalus nicatiei (Dozier, 1928); missp. by Wray 1967: 30
= Omolicna mcateei (Dozier, 1928); comb. by implication Caldwell & Martorell 1951: 201; also O’Brien 1982b: 320.
Omolicna texana (Caldwell, 1944b) – USA: TX
=Phaciocephalus texanus Caldwell, 1944b: 103.
= Omolicna texana (Caldwell, 1944b); comb. by implication Caldwell & Martorell 1951: 201; emendation by O’Brien 1982b: 320.
Omolicna uhleri (Ball, 1902b) [Metcalf 1945: 103] – USA: AL, DC, GA, IL, KS, MD, MO, MS, NC, NJ, NY, OH, TN, VA; CAN: ON
= Cenchrea uhleri Ball, 1902b: 261
= Phaciocephalus uhleri (Ball, 1902b); comb. by Muir 1918a: 418
= Lamenia uhleri (Ball, 1902b); comb. by Smith 1910.
= Syntames uhleri (Ball, 1902b); comb. by Fennah 1952: 136.
= Omolicna uhleri (Ball, 1902b); comb. by implication Caldwell & Martorell 1951: 201; also O’Brien 1982b: 320.
Neotropical species (see O’Brien 1982)
Omolicna anastomosus (Caldwell 1944: 104) – Guatemala
= Phaciocephalus anastomosus Caldwell 1944: 104.
= Omolicna anastomosus (Caldwell 1944); comb. by implication Caldwell & Martorell, 1951: 200.
Omolicna brunnea (McAtee 1924: 178) – Costa Rica, Mexico (Veracruz), Panama, Guatemala
Omolicna cocoana Rodríguez-León & González 2005: 138 – Cuba
Omolicna cubana (Myers, 1926) – Jamaica, Cuba, Puerto Rico
Omolicna dominicana Fennah 1952: 135 – Dominica
*Omolicna dubia (Caldwell 1944: 105) – Mexico (Chiapas) (moved to Anchimothon Fennah by Bahder et al 2020)
Omolicna fulva (Van Duzee 1909: 195) – Cuba, Panama, USA: Florida (listed above under Nearctic species)
Omolicna latens Fennah, 1952: 136 – Trinidad
Omolicna mariajosae Bahder & Bartlett, 2021 – Costa Rica
Omolicna nero Fennah 1971: 327 – Cayman Is. (Grand Cayman)
Omolicna nigripennis (Caldwell 1944: 103) – Mexico (Chiapas, Michoacan, San Luis Potosi, Veracruz)
Omolicna nigripennis var. flavipennis (Caldwell 1944: 104) – USA: TX; Mexico (Chiapas, Oaxaca, San Luis Potosí, Sinaloa, Veracruz); Guatemala
Omolicna proxima Fennah 1945: 441 – Trinidad, Venezuela
Omolicna puertana Caldwell, 1951: 201 (in Caldwell & Martorell 1951) – Puerto Rico
Omolicna puncta (Caldwell 1944: 104) – Mexico
Omolicna quadrispinosa (Caldwell 1944: 103) – Mexico (Chiapas)
*Omolicna rubrimarginata Fennah, 1945: 442 – Trinidad (moved to Agoo Bahder & Bartlett by Bahder et al. 2019)
Omolicna tarco Fennah 1971: 325 – Cayman Is. (Cayman Brac)
Omolicna triata (Caldwell 1944: 104) – Belize, Costa Rica
Subgenus Agoo Bahder & Bartlett, 2019
Omolicna (Agoo) xavieri Bahder & Bartlett, 2019 – Costa Rica (Agoo status changed to full genus by Bahder et al. 2020)
Omolicna joi is a potential vector of palm lethal yellows or Texas Phoenix Palm Decline. Omolicna xavieri, O. brunnea, O. triata and O. puertana have all been collected from palms and may also vector phytoplasmas (e.g., Segarra-Carmona et al. 2013, Bahder et al. 2019). Omolicna cocoana from Cuba was described from palm.
Omolicna cocoana – Coccothrinax litoralis León (Arecales, Arecaceae) (Rodriguez-Leon & Hidalgo- Gato 2005: 138)
Omolicna joi – Sabal palmetto (Walter) Lodd. ex Schult. & Schult. f. (Cabbage palmetto) and Serenoa repens (W. Bartram) Small (Saw palmetto) (both Arecaceae)
Omolicna mcateei – Physalis L. (groundcherry, Solanaceae)
Omolicna puertana – Carica papaya L. (papaya, Caricaceae), Solanum melongena L. (eggplant, Solanaceae), Melia azedarach L. (Chinaberrytree, Meliaceae) (Caldwell & Martorell 1951: 202)
Omolicna sp. – Pritchardia thurstonii F. Muell. & Drude, Cocos nucifera L. (coconut palm), Roystonea hispaniolana L.H. Bailey, Sabal umbraculifera Mart. (Arecaceae), Veitchia merrillii (Becc.) H.E. Moore (all Arecaceae)
Omolicna xavieri – Coconut palm (Cocos nucifera L.), Arecaceae
Pale (usually orangish, not grey to black as most Cedusa), robust; frons compressed but not extremely; pustules along claval vein; Media with more than two branches, connected to cubitus by crossvein; size less than 6 mm; projections of pronotum partially subtending antennae.
Description of the genus from Fennah 1945: 441:
Vertex broad, depressed along middle, lateral margins converging apically, apical margin straight or slightly concave, posterior margin shallowly excavated, width across base greater than length down middle, two rows of sensoria on raised area near each lateral margin; frons longer than wide at apex (about 2 to 1), width at apex approximately one and one-half times width at base, lateral margins diverging gradually to apex, devoid of granules, median carina absent, usually a longitudinal depression down middle of frons, a series of sensory pits inside each lateral margin; frontoclypeal suture impressed, clypeus slightly tumid with a median carina; genae devoid of a subantennal process. Pronotum with antennal foveae large. Tegmina long, parallel sided, Sc + R + M fork at basal quarter, Sc+R fork between basal third and middle of costal margin, subcostal cell long, M forking about level with apex of clavus, Cu1 forking level or slightly distad of junction of claval veins, M with five veins reaching apical margin, three arising from a discal cell. “Wings with R and M simple to apex, linked by a transverse vein four-fifths from base, Cu1a forked just basad of its midpoint, where it is joined by a transverse vein from M, the limbs of the fork scarcely diverging to margin, Cu1b simple to apex, Cu2 simple. Anal segment of male narrow, tubular, pygofer with a simple pointed medioventral process, genital styles incurved at apex. Anal segment of female very short, pregenital sternite with a broad lobe at middle of posterior margin. Egg bluntly ovoid, smooth, transparent, twice as long as broad.
Genotype : Omolicna proxima new species [Fennah 1945].
This genus differs from Syntames Fowler in the absence of a median carina on the frons, from Cenchrea Westwood in the lower lateral carinae of the vertex and the tegminal and wing venation, and from Phaciocephalus Kirkaldy in tegminal and wing venation.
An amended description from Bahder et al 2019 is as follows
The members of this genus can be separated from similar cenchreine derbids by the relatively broad vertex with pit-like sensoria bordering the lateral margins (these pits were given as a tribal feature in Emeljanov (1995). Vertex wider than long (midline less than 2x as long as broad at widest part), medially concave, with the lateral margins diverging caudally. Frons moderately compressed, elongate, narrowed between eyes, without a longitudinal median carina, lateral margins foliately keeled. A scroll-like extension of the lateral aspect of the pronotum partially surrounds and subtends the base of the antennae forming antennal fossae (a tribal feature). Forewings with pits on postcubitus in clavus (a tribal feature), clavus closed (combined Pcu + A1 reaching CuP), extending beyond midlength of forewing. The male pygofer with a median ventral process, phallotheca (periandrium) with terminal flagellum (endosoma) folded anterodorsally with an asymmetrical arrangement of spines.
The subgenus Agoo is described as follows
Frons narrower and paranota more strongly foliate than subgenus Omolicna. Ventral lobe of pygofer (ventral view) broad, distally attenuating to rounded apex. Aedeagus and endosoma nearly bilaterally symmetrical. Segment 10 elongate, ventrally sinuate (lacking convexity found in most Omolicna s.s.).
Support for the subgenus Agoo is given by the 18S gene, which differs by about 10.6% from O. brunnea, O. triata, and O. joi (which differed from each other by 0.1-0.9%) (Bahder et al. 2019)
The recognition of species of Omolicna from the U.S. is problematic because the genitalia of O. fusca, O. mcateei & O. uhleri are not adequately described, and the types of O. mcateei appear to be lost. Halbert et al. (2014) present a key to Omolicna of Florida species as follows:
Key to species of Omolicna potentially in Florida (From Halbert et al. 2014)
1. Forewing with dark brown stripe paralleling costal margin, costa pale; male pygofer median process spatulate, parameres with a serrate subtriangular process on inner margin; aedeagus with anteroventrally-directed curved spine originating from apex on the right side (see Caldwell 1944, fig. 1) … Omolicna uhleri (Ball)
1’. Forewing without dark brown stripe paralleling costal margin; costa concolorous … 2
2. Vertex not strongly elevated; male pygofer median process broadly rounded with a small tooth on each side (fig. 2e – included below), parameres with a serrate subtriangular process on inner margin (fig. 2f); aedeagus with anterodorsally-directed broad spine and a parallel slender spine originating from apex on the left side (fig 2a) … Omolicna joi Wilson, Halbert & Bexine, 2014
2’. Vertex strongly elevated; male pygofer median process with strong lateral tooth and small basal tooth on each side (see Caldwell 1944, fig. 2) or subtriangular … 3
3. Body pink; larger, 6.5 mm; male pygofer median process subtriangular … Omolicna fulva (Van Duzee)
3’. Body fulvous; smaller, 3.5-4.0 mm; male pygofer median process with strong lateral tooth and small basal tooth on each side … Omolicna mcateei (Dozier)
Omolicna joi from Halbert et al. 2014
Common – come so lights and often collected sweeping.
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