Genus Acanalonia Spinola, 1839

[Back to North American Acanaloniidae]

Family Acanaloniidae Amyot & Serville, 1843

Subfamily Acanaloniinae Amyot & Serville, 1843

Tribe Acanaloniini Amyot & Serville, 1843

Genus Acanalonia Spinola, 1839.
Type species: Acanalonia servillei Spinola, 1839: 448.


= Acanonia Amyot & Serville, 1843 (type species Acanalonia servillei Spinola, 1839); replacement name for Acanalonia Spinola, 1839.

= Amphiscepa Glover, 1878 [nec. Germar 1830] (type species Flata bivittata Say, 1825); syn. by Stål 1862a: 311 (genus mis-attributed to Say, 1825 by Melichar 1906: 215; see e.g., Van Duzee 1917: 750).

= Chlorochara Stål 1869: 107 (type-species Cicada vivida Fabricius, 1775: 683), syn. by Caldwell & Martorell 1951: 261; restored by Metcalf 1954 and subsequent authors.

Misspelling: Acalonia Kramer (1950: 10, 80)


New World from South America (to Argentina) to southern Canada; 1 species adventive into Europe.  Acanalonia includes 19 species north of Mexico, and 71 species (and subspecies) distributed throughout the Nearctic and Neotropical regions.

Distribution of Acanalonia from FLOW

Distribution of Acanalonia from FLOW (as of 8 Feb. 2022)

Recognized species

There are 65 species plus 6 subspecies or varieties of Acanalonia as follows [Genus: Metcalf 1954: 5].

I have a draft key to species for taxa north of Mexico here.

Acanalonia affinis Fowler, 1900: 48 – Guatemala
Acanalonia albacosta Caldwell, 1947: 165 – Mexico (Oaxaca)
Acanalonia bivittata (Say, 1825) – USA: AL, AR, CT, DC, DE, FL, GA, IA, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MA, MD, ME, MI, MN, MO, MS, NC, NJ, NY, PA, TN, TX, VA, WI, WV; CAN: ON
= Flata bivittata Say, 1825: 335 (Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 4:335 )
= Amphiscepa malina Germar, 1830: 52 (Thon’s Entomologisches Archiv. 2 (2) :52); syn. by Stal, 1862: 311.
= Acanonia malina (Germar), comb. by Schaum, 1850 (Allgemeine Encyklopadie Ersch und Gruber 51: 71-72.
= Poeciloptera bivittata (Say), comb. by Schaum, 1850: 72 (Allgemeine Encyklopadie Ersch und Gruber 51: 72)
= Poeciloptera nana Walker, 1851: 466 (List of Homopterous Insects 2: 466); syn. by Stal 1862: 489.
= Acanonia bivittata (Say), comb. by Stal, 1862 (Berliner Ent. Zeit. 6:311)
= Acanalonia bivitatta [sic] (Say), comb. by Van Duzee, 1916: 81 (Check List of Hemiptera of America North of Mexico 1916: 81)
= Amphiscepa bivittata rubescens Melichar, 1901: 183 (Ann. Nat. Hofmus. Wien 16: 183)
= Acanalonia bivittata rubescens (Melichar, 1901); comb. by Van Duzee, 1916: 1816 (Check List of Hemiptera of America North of Mexico 1916: 81)
   = Acanalonia bivittata var rubescens (Melichar, 1901)  (note: This is a pink color variation); syn. by Bartlett et al. 2014: 75
Acanalonia bonducellae Fennah 1955: 39 – Montserrat, St. Kitts
Acanalonia brevifrons Muir, 1924 – Puerto Rico, St. Thomas, St. Croix, Anegada, Mona. (moved to Bulldolonia Gnezdilov 2012c)
Acanalonia caelata Fowler, 1900: 47 – Guatemala
Acanalonia calida (Fowler, 1904: 118) – Mexico
= Amphiscepa calida Fowler, 1904: 118 (Biologia Centrali-Americana 1: 118)
= Acanalonia calida (Fowler), comb. by Melichar, 1906: 215 (Abh. Zool. Bot. Ges. Wien 3: 215)
Acanalonia carinata Metcalf and Bruner, 1930: 413 – Cuba
Acanalonia caymanensis Fennah 1971 – Cayman Is.
Acanalonia chloris (Berg, 1879) – Argentina, Uruguay, Chile
= Acanonia chloris Berg, 1879: 210 (An. Soc. Cient. Argentina 8: 210)
= Acanalonia chloris (Berg), comb. by Melichar, 1901: 184, 187 (Ann. Nat. Hofmus. Wien 16: 184 [Key] :187)
Acanalonia clarionensis Van Duzee, 1933: 38 – Clarion Island, Socorro Island (Mexico)
Acanalonia clypeata Van Duzee, 1908: 496 – USA: AZ, CA, NV, UT
Acanalonia coacta Schmidt, 1908: 517 – Peru, Ecuador
Acanalonia concinnula Fowler, 1900: 49 – USA: FL, TX; Mexico (Jalisco, Guerrero)
Acanalonia consors Fennah 1971 – Cayman Is
Acanalonia conica (Say, 1830: 238) – USA: AL, AR, CA, CT, DC, DE, FL, GA, IA, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MD, MO, MS, NE, NC, NJ, NY, OH, PA, VA, TN, TX; CAN: ON; Italy (adventive to CA and Italy)
= Flata conica Say, 1830: 238 (Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 6:238)
= Acanonia conica (Say), comb. by Schaum, 1850: 71-72 (Allgemeine Encyklopadie Ersch und Gruber 51: 71)
= Poeciloptera (?) conica (Say), comb. by Walker, 1852: 1140 (List of Homopterous Insects 4: 1140)
= Chlorochroa [sic] conica (Say), comb. by Chittenden, 1900: 98 (Bull. United States Dept. Agr. Div. Ent. (n.s.) 22: 98)
= Acanalonia panimae Fowler, 1900: 47; Syn by Melichar 1901: 189; Van Duzee, 1916: 82 (also Van Duzee 1917: 792).
= Acanalonia conica (Say), comb. by Melichar, 1901: 184, 189 (Ann. Nat. Hofmus. Wien 16: 184 [Key] :189); equals Acanalonia paminae [sic] Fowl. (?), Equals Amphiscepa conica (Say).
Acanalonia decens (Stal, 1864) – Mexico (Guerrero, Vera Cruz, Nuevo León, Hildalgo), Guatemala
= Acanonia decens Stal, 1864: 56 (Stett. Ent. Zeit. 25: 56)
= Acanalonia decens (Stal), comb. by Fowler, 1900: 46 (Biologia Centrali-Americana 1:46)
Acanalonia delicatula Fowler, 1900: 49 – Panama, Uruguay (error?)
Acanalonia depressa Melichar, 1901: 190 – St. Jean (John?), Jost Van Dyke Island (moved to Bulldolonia Gnezdilov 2012c)
Acanalonia dubia Fowler, 1900: 46 – Mexico (Guanajuato, Vera Cruz, Tabasco), Guatemala, Panama
Acanalonia ecuadoriensis Schmidt, 1908: 518 – Ecuador
Acanalonia excavata Van Duzee, 1933: 38 – USA: FL; Nicaragua
Acanalonia fasciata Metcalf, 1923 – USA: AZ, TX, UT
Acanalonia gaumeri Fowler, 1900: 48 – Honduras (Roatan Island)
Acanalonia grandicella Doering, 1932 – USA: AZ, CA
Acanalonia gundlachi Metcalf and Bruner, 1930: 415 – Cuba
Acanalonia hadesensis Caldwell, 1938 – USA: TX
Acanalonia hewanorrae Fennah 1955: 40 – St. Lucia, St. Vincent, Grenada
Acanalonia humeralis Caldwell, 1947: 164 – Mexico (Coahuila de Zaragoza)
Acanalonia immaculata (Kirkaldy, 1907) – USA: AZ; Mexico (Vera Cruz)
= Amphiscepa immaculata Kirkaldy, 1907: 60.
= Acanalonia immaculata (Kirkaldy, 1907); comb. by Van Duzee 1917: 81.
Acanalonia impressa Metcalf and Bruner, 1930: 408 – Cuba (moved to Bulldolonia Gnezdilov 2012c)
Acanalonia inclinata Melichar, 1901 – Honduras
Acanalonia ingens Fennah 1971 – Cuba
Acanalonia insularis Metcalf and Bruner, 1930: 416 – Isle of Pines (Cuba)
Acanalonia invenusta Doering, 1932 – USA: NM, TX
Acanalonia laticosta Doering, 1932 – USA: TX
Acanalonia laurifolia (Walker, 1858: 117) – Brazil
= Poeciloptera laurifolia Walker 1858: 117.
= Acanonia [laurifolia] comb. by Stal 1862: 491
= Acanalonia laurifolia Walker 1858, comb. by Distant, 1910, 298
Acanalonia lineata Metcalf and Bruner, 1930: 411 – Cuba
Acanalonia mintho Fennah 1965 – Grenada
Acanalonia mollicula Van Duzee, 1914 – USA: AZ, CA, NV, UT
Acanalonia ohausi Schmidt, 1908: 516 – Ecuador
Acanalonia ohausi var fulva Schmidt, 1908: 516 – Ecuador
Acanalonia parva Doering, 1932 – USA: NM, TX
Acanalonia phorcys Fennah 1971 – Haiti
Acanalonia plana (Van Duzee, 1907) – Jamaica
Acanalonia planata Ball, 1933: 150 – USA: TX
Acanalonia puella Van Duzee, 1923: 194 – Mexico (Sonora)
Acanalonia pumila (Van Duzee, 1908) – USA: FL, SC, NC; Bermuda
Acanalonia robusta (Walker 1851: 449); resurrected by Fennah 1971 – Jamaica
= Poeciloptera robusta Walker, 1851 : 449 (List of Homopterous Insects 2: 449)
= Poeciloptera quadrata Walker, 1851: 460 (List of Homopterous Insects 2: 460)
= Poeciloptera lata Walker, 1851: 462 (List of Homopterous Insects 2: 462)
= Acanonia lata (Walker), comb by Stal, 1862: 491 (Ofv. Svenska Vet. Akad. Forh. 19: 491)
= Acanonia quadrata (Walker), comb. by Stal, 1862: 491 (Ofv. Svenska Vet. Akad. Forh. 19: 491)
= Acanonia robusta (Walker), comb. by Stal, 1862: 491 (Ofv. Svenska Vet. Akad. Forh. 19: 491)
= Acanalonia lata (Walker 1851: 462); (comb. by implication Van Duzee, 1916: 81); syn. by Fennah 1971 – Jamaica
= Acanalonia quadrata (Walker 1851: 460); (comb. by implication Van Duzee, 1916: 81); syn. by Fennah 1971 – Jamaica
Acanalonia saltonia Ball, 1933: 149 – USA: CA
Acanalonia servillei Spinola, 1839: 448 – USA: FL, GA, LA, MD, MS, NC, NY, PA, SC
= Acanalonia latifrons (Walker, 1851: 457); Syn. by Fennah, 1971: 334-336. [Not listed as new syn.]
= Poeciloptera complanata Walker, 1851: 461 (List of Homopterous Insects 2: 461)
= Acanalonia complanata (Walker, 1851: 461); comb. by comb. by Distant, 1910 (Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (8) 5: 298); Syn. by Fennah, 1971:334-336.
= Poeciloptera latifrons Walker, 1851: 457 (List of Homopterous Insects 2: 457)
= Acanonia latifrons (Walker), comb. by Stal, 1862: 491 (Ofv. Svenska Vet. Akad. Forh.19: 491)
= Acanalonia latifrons (Walker), comb. by Melichar, 1901: 184, 186 (Ann. Nat. Hofmus. Wien 16: 184 [Key] :186)
= Acononia [sic] servillei (Spinola), comb. by Smith, 1890: 437 (Geological Survey of New Jersey 2 (2) :437)
Acanalonia similis Doering, 1932 – USA: NM, TX
Acanalonia sublinea (Walker, 1858) – Cuba, Dominican Republic
Acanalonia tehuacana Caldwell, 1947: 164 – Mexico (Puebla)
Acanalonia theobromae Fennah, 1945 – Trinidad
Acanalonia tripartita Caldwell, 1947: 165 – Mexico (San Luis Potosí)
Acanalonia umbellicauda Fennah, 1945 – Trinidad
Acanalonia umbraculata (Fabricius, 1803) – Brazil, Dominican Republic, Venezuela, Bolivia, Guayana
= Flata umbraculata Fabricius, 1803: 50 (Systema Rhyngotorum 1803: 50)
= Poeciloptera umbraculata (Fabricius), comb. by Burmeister, 1835: 162 (Handbuch der Entomologie 2 (1):162)
= Acanonia umbraculata (Fabricius), comb. by Schaum, 1850: 71 (Allgemeine Encyklopadie Ersch und Gruber 51: 71)
= Acanalonia florea Stal, 1862: 10 (Handl. Svenska Vet. Akad. 3 (6):10); syn. by Melichar 1901: 185 (Melichar treated florea as valid umbraculata as jr syn.; Kirkaldy, 1903: 78 reversed the synonymy)
= Acanalonia florea Stal 1862; syn/ by Melichar 1901: 185.
= Acanonia florea (Stal); comb. by Stal, 1869: 106 (Handl. Svenska Vet. Akad. 8 (1):106)
= Acanalonia umbraculata (Fabricius), comb. by Kirkaldy, 1903: 78 (Entomologist 36: 78)
Acanalonia varipennis (Walker, 1858: 113) – Brazil
= Poeciloptera varipennis Walker, 1858: 113 (List of Homopterous Insects. Supplement 1858: 113)
= Poeciloptera viridissima Walker, 1858: 54 (Insecta Saundersiana 1858: 54); syn. by Distant, 1910: 298 (Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (8) 5: 298)
= Acanonia varipennis (Walker), comb. by Stal, 1862 (Ofv. Svenska Vet. Akad. Forh. 19: 491)
= Acanalonia varipennis (Walker), comb. by Melichar, 1901: 184, 185 (Ann. Nat. Hofmus. Wien 16: 184 [Key] :185)
Acanalonia viequensis Caldwell in Caldwell and Martorell, 1951 – Vieques Island, Antigua
Acanalonia virescens (Stål, 1864: 56) – USA: FL, TX; Mexico
= Acanonia virescens Stal, 1864: 56 (Stett. Ent. Zeit. 25: 56)
= Acanalonia virescens (Stal), comb. by Fowler, 1900: 49 (Biologia Centrali-Americana 1 : 49)
Acanalonia viridicata Schmidt, 1932: 43 – Columbia
Acanalonia viridis Melichar, 1901: 187 – Haiti, Dominican republic
Acanalonia viriditerminata (Lethierry, 1881) – Guadeloupe, Martinique, Puerto Rico, St. Thomas
Acanalonia viriditerminata muscosa Fennah 1955: 39 – Dominica
Acanalonia viriditerminata sylvestris Fennah 1955: 38 – Montserrat, St. Kitts
Acanalonia viridula Metcalf and Bruner, 1930: 414 – Cuba
Acanalonia vivida (Fabricius, 1775: 683) (see Chlorochara Stål) – Suriname, Cuba, Puerto Rico
Acanalonia vivida avivida Caldwell in Caldwell and Martorell, 1951 – Puerto Rico
Acanalonia vivida coniceps Osborn, 1929 – Puerto Rico, Caja de Muertos Island

Incertae sedis

Amphiscepa subpellucida Fowler 1904: 119 – Guatemala; this species currently retained in Amphiscepa Germar, but possibly belongs in Acanalonia if original placement was Amphiscepa sensu Say, a jr homonym of Amphiscepa  Germar.

Amphiscepa calida and Amphiscepa subpellucida

Amphiscepa calida and Amphiscepa subpellucida from Fowler 1904; calida was subsequently transferred to Acanalonia.

Plant associations

Acanalonia bivittata – polyphagous
Acanalonia bonducellae Caesalpinia bonducella (L.) Fleming (Fabaceae)
Acanalonia chlorisEucalyptus globulus Labill. (“eucalipto azul”, MYRTACEAE); Populus alba L. (“álamo blanco”, SALICACEAE) (Campodonico, 2020).
Acanalonia clypeataProsopis L. (Mesquite; Fabaceae), Baccharis L. (baccharis, Asteraceae), Atriplex canescens (Pursh) Nutt.(fourwing saltbush; Chenopodiaceae), Salsola tragus L. (prickly Russian thistle; Chenopodiaceae as Salsola pestifer A. Nelson)
Acanalonia conica – Polyphagous; Reported from Amorpha fructicosa L. (Fabales, Fabaceae); Buddleja davidii Franch. (Lamiales, Scrophulariaceae); Chenopodium sp. (Caryophyllales, Amaranthaceae); Cornus sanguinea L. (Cornales, Cornaceae); Corylus avellana L. (Fagales, Betulaceae); Humulus lupulus L. (Rosales, Cannabaceae); Morus sp. (Rosales, Moraceae); Parietaria officinalis L. (Rosales, Urticaceae); Prunus sp. (Rosales, Rosaceae); Solanum nigrum L. (Solanales, Solanaceae); Ulmus sp. (Rosales, Ulmaceae);  Urtica dioica L. (Rosales, Urticaceae); and Xanthium italicum Moretti (Asterales, Asteraceae) according to D’Urso & Uliana (2006); Nymphs and adults are common on Robinia pseudoacacia
Acanalonia hadesensisProsopis L. (Mesquite; Fabaceae)
Acanalonia invenustaProsopis L. (Mesquite; Fabaceae)
Acanalonia laticostaProsopis L. (Mesquite; Fabaceae), Helenium L. (sneezeweed; Asteraceae), Croton L. (croton; Euphorbiaceae), Anthemis arvensis L. (corn chamomile; Asteraceae), Chrysopsis (Nutt.) Elliott (goldenaster; Asteraceae), Siderocarpos flexicaulis (Benth.) Small (misspelled as Siaerocarpus flexicaula; Fabaceae)
Acanalonia pumilaBorrichia arborescens (L.) DC. (tree seaside tansy; Asteraceae), Argusia gnaphalodes (L.) Heine (sea rosemary; Boraginaceae; as Mallotonia gnaphalodes (L.) Britton); Batis maritima L. (turtleweed; Bataceae), Salicornia depressa Standl. (Virginia glasswort; Chenopodiaceae, as Salicornia virginica L), Suaeda linearis (Elliott) Moq.(annual seepweed; Chenopodiaceae)
Acanalonia servilleiCapparis comosa Jacq. (Capparaceae)
Acanalonia theobromaeTheobroma cacao L. (cacao; Sterculiaceae), Flacourtia Comm. ex L’Hér. (flacourtia; Flacourtiaceae), Caesalpinia pulcherrima (L.) Sw. (pride-of-Barbados; Fabaceae)
Acanalonia umbellicauda Theobroma cacao L. (cacao; Sterculiaceae), Caesalpinia L. (nicker; Fabaceae), Asparagus L. (asparagus; Liliaceae)

Host data from Wilson et al. (1994); scientific names, authorship, and common names from the USDA Plants database, except where absent, then try Tropicos or The Plant List). (Still working on adding links)  Thanks to Vassili Belov for deciphering the misspelling of Siderocarpos.

ALSO see the list of hosts for genus on FLOW.

Predators, parasites

Acanalonia bivittataHesperodryinus amphiscepae Perkins, 1907 (Krombien 1979: 1242), Perodryinus amoenus Perkins, 1907 (Krombien 1979: 1244). (both Dryinidae; The locality of the later record suggests that it might actually have been Acanalonia fasciata)

Acanalonia immaculataApterodryinus torvus Perkins, 1907 (Dryinidae; Krombein 1979: 1246)

Bugguide has a photo of an Epipyropid larva (Fulgoraecia exigua) on A. conica, which I have also observed (a second photo here). Another on A. servillei.

Economic Importance

Limited in the US, but Acanolonia conica adventive in Italy and California. Not recorded as a plant disease vector to my knowledge.


Similar to Issidae, with no spines on hind tibiae. Wings broad, venation reticulate, held perpendicular to the body. Near,y always green (sometimes pink – scroll to the A. parva image).  In the US, most species are in the southwest; in the eastern US, 2 species are very common, 2 additional gulf states (pumila is coastal), A. excavata is adventive to Florida; 1 additional eastern species needs confirmation.

This genus is heterogeneous.

Description of the genus by Doering 1932

Head about as wide as thorax. Clypeus without lateral carinae. Vertex straight or somewhat angularly rounded anteriorly. Postclypeus flat, almost quadrangular, sometimes a longitudinal median carina and also two small lateral carinae present. Antennae short. Ocelli small. Pronotum usually without carinae, with sometimes a
median carina. Posterior margin of pronotum straight or only slightly concave. Mesonotum large. Elytra steeply tectiform, reticulated with a network of veins, the longitudinal ones more prominent; elytra usually green in color with sometimes brown dots or lines at apex. Ovipositor incomplete. Aedeagus complex, penis and periandrium appear to be amalgamated into a complete tube with appendages.

Fruend & Wilson (1995) reviewed the species of Acanalonia known to occur in the United States, they were previously reviewed by Doering 1932. Life history of 2 species described by Wilson & McPherson 1981.

A key to species will be posted on a separate page (at this point, the key only contains species from the US, modified from Doering).

Acanalonia conica

Acanalonia conica (Chester Co., AP), Photo by Dave Funk of Stroud Water Resources Center.

Acanalonia conica

Acanalonia conica (Oxford, PA), Photo by Doug Tallamy, University of Delaware, Department of Entomology and Wildlife Ecology.

Nymph of Acanalonia conica (from Bug Life Cycles). The green shad appears to ve characteristic of nymphs of this species.

Acanalonia conica and nymph (image from Austin Bug Collection, The Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center Fauna Project, Here).

(Photographs below – except  as indicated [A. excavata, and the pink A. fasciata] – by Kimberley Shropshire, Department of Entomology, University of Delaware)

Acanalonia bivittata (Alabama, Vitaly Charny)

Acanalonia bivittata (Alabama, by Vitaly Charny, used by permission)

Acanalonia bivittata

Acanalonia bivattata

Acanalonia probably bivittata

Acanalonia probably bivittata (from Vitaly Charny Birmingham Alabama, ~8 April 2020), on a grass, possibly Panicum.

grass that Acanalonia prob bivittata was photographed on Vitaly Charney, Burmingham AL 8 April 2020

Grass that Acanalonia prob. bivittata was photographed on (by Vitaly Charney, Birmingham, AL., ~8 April 2020)

Acanalonia clypeata

Acanalonia clypeata

Acanalonia conica

Acanalonia conica

Acanalonia conica

Acanalonia conica by Vitaly Charny (Alabama, used by permission)

Acanalonia excavata

Acanalonia excavata from Florida

Acanalonia fasciata

Acanalonia fasciata

Here is another one on Flickr from Arizona State.

Acanalonia fasciata

Acanalonia fasciata (by Salvador Vitanza, Nogales, Santa Cruz County, Arizona, 31.338129, -110.962642, August 16, 2017)

Acanalonia grandicella

Acanalonia grandicella

Acanalonia immaculata

Acanalonia immaculata

Acanalonia invenusta

Acanalonia invenusta

Acanalonia laticosta

Acanalonia laticosta

Acanalonia laticosta (image from Austin Bug Collection, The Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center Fauna Project, Here).

Acanalonia mollicula

Acanalonia mollicula

Acanalonia parva

Acanalonia parva

Acanalonia parva

Acanalonia parva, laying egs (image from Austin Bug Collection, The Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center Fauna Project, Here).  The nature of the eggs is the same in A. conica and A. bivittata)

Acanalonia servillei

Acanalonia servillei

Acanalonia sp.

Acanalonia sp. from Tipituni (Ecuador, 6 April 2018) by Kelly Swing, used by permission; undetermined as yet although very similar to a Brazil species.

Images from Fowler (1904)

1 Acanalonia dubia
2 Acanalonia panimae
3 Acanalonia caelata
4 Acanalonia pinniformis
5 Acanalonia affinis
6 Acanalonia gaumeri
7 Acanalonia virescens
8 Acanalonia delicatula
9 Acanalonia concinnula

1 Acanalonia dubia, 2 Acanalonia panimae

1 Acanalonia dubia, 2 Acanalonia panimae

3 Acanalonia caelata, 4 Acanalonia pinniformis

3 Acanalonia caelata, 4 Acanalonia pinniformis

5 Acanalonia affinis, 6 Acanalonia gaumeri

5 Acanalonia affinis, 6 Acanalonia gaumeri

7 Acanalonia virescens, 8 Acanalonia delicatula

7 Acanalonia virescens, 8 Acanalonia delicatula

8 Acanalonia delicatula, 9 Acanalonia concinnula

8 Acanalonia delicatula, 9 Acanalonia concinnula

Acanalonia from Caldwell & Martorell 1951

Cuban Acanaloniidae from Metcalf and Bruner 1930

Acanalonia carinata and A. viridula

Acanalonia carinata and A. viridula from Metcalf & Bruner, 1930

Acanalonia servillei and A. pumila

Acanalonia servillei and A. pumila from Metcalf and Buner, 1930

Acanalonia impressa Inow Bulldonia) and A. lineata

Acanalonia impressa (now Bulldonia) and A. lineata from Metcalf & Bruner, 1930

Acanalonia insularis

Acanalonia insularis from Metcalf and Bruner 1930

Acanalonia gundlachi from Metcalf and Bruner 1930

Acanalonia gundlachi from Metcalf and Bruner 1930

Online resources

Discover Life.
Hoppers of North Carolina.
Kunzweb Gallery.
American Insects.
Arizona State Flickr.
CASC specimens.
Bug Life Cycles (A. conica)
The Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center Fauna Project.  Photos of A. parva and A. laticosta with nymphs (and eggs also for A. parva) I thought were particularly useful.
BugLady at the University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee (College of letters and Science Field Station): Acanalonia planthoppers.

Molecular resources

GenBank has data for Acanalonia bivitatta, A. depressa, A. vivida.  Barcode of Life has sequence data for 6 species and 1 undetermined Acanalonia (viz. Acanalonia bivittata, A. chloris, A. concinnia, A. conica, A. fasciata, and A. immaculata).

Selected references

Amyot, C. J. B. and J. G. Serville. 1843. Deuxième partie. Homoptères. Homoptera Latr. Histoire Naturelle des insectes. Hemiptères 1843: 1-676.

Ball, E. D. 1933d. Notes on the Fulgoridae with some new species. Psyche 40: 145-150.

Bartlett, C. R., E. R. Adams and A. T. Gonzon. 2011. Planthoppers of Delaware (Hemiptera, Fulgoroidea), excluding Delphacidae, with species incidence from adjacent States. ZooKeys 83: 1-42.

Bartlett, C. R., L. B. O’Brien and S. W. Wilson. 2014. A review of the planthoppers (Hemiptera: Fulgoroidea) of the United States. Memoirs of the American Entomological Society 50: 1-287.

Berg, C. 1879e. Hemiptera Argentina Enumeravit Speciesque Novas Descripsit. i-vii, 9-276. [Pp. 212-231 only; Reprint of Berg 1879a, b, c, and d with different pagination; see pp. 203-276.]

Caldwell, J. S. 1947b. New Acanaloniidae from Mexico. (Homoptera). Bulletin of the Brooklyn Entomological Society 41: 164-165.

Caldwell, J. S. and L. F. Martorell. 1951 [dated1950]. Review of the Auchenorynchous [sic] Homoptera of Puerto Rico. Part II. The Fulgoroidea except Kinnaridae. Journal of Agriculture of the University of Puerto Rico 34(2): 133-269.

Campodonico, J.F. 2020. First record of an Acanaloniidae (Hemiptera: Auchenorrhyncha: Fulgoroidea) in Chile. Revista de la Sociedad Entomológica Argentina 79(1): 34-36.

Chireceanu, C., A. Teodoru, M. Gutue, M. Dumitru & P. Anastasiu. 2017. Two new invasive hemipteran species first recorded in Romania: Orientus ishidae (Matsumura 1902) (Cicadellidae) and Acanalonia conica (Say 1830) (Acanaloniidae). Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies 5(2): 824-830.

D’Urso, V. and M. Uliana. 2004. First record of Acanalonia conica (Issidae) in Italy. Third European Hemiptera Congress, Abstracts, St. Petersburg, Russia, 8-11 June 2004: 26-27.

d’Urso, V. and M. Uliana. 2005. Acanalonia conica (Hemiptera, Fulgoromorpha, Acanaloniidae), a Nearctic species recently introduced in Europe. Deutsche Entomologische Zeitschrift 53(1): 103–107.

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