Athletic Training Research Lab
The primary focus of this lab within the domain of Sports Medicine is to study sensorimotor and neurocognitive aspects of musculoskeletal related injury. In addition, there is a strong emphasis on sport related concussions.
- Examine injury mechanisms, prevention and rehabilitation strategies in athletes for accelerated return to competition
Research in this lab focuses on a broad range of topics in biomechanics, including gait mechanics, figure skating simulation software, biomechanical analysis of sport, clinical applications of biomechanics, rehabilitation biomechanics, pediatric obesity, and community-based activity programs.
- Gait mechanics that contribute to risk factors associated with the development of knee osteoarthritis, and gait mechanics and energetics of human locomotion
- Developing custom Figure Skating Simulation Software program to be used in support of a project funded by United Sates Figure Skating
- Development of new tools for measurement and analysis of human motion and biomechanical analysis of sport
- Rehabilitation biomechanics, pediatric obesity, and community-based activity programs
- Modulating asymmetrical lower-extremity joint loading via split-belt treadmill ambulation
- The inter-relationship among load carriage, gait mechanics and metabolic cost
- Measurement of scapular orientation and position using motion capture technology.
- Rapid manufacture of personalized rehabilitation devices
Gait Adaptations to Passive Dynamic Ankle-Foot Orthosis Use
- Changes in the distribution of human body shape incidences and incidence of overweight and obesity in US children
- Ankle Joint Pseudo Stiffness Changes with Walking Velocity
- Roll-over dynamics during natural walking
- Vascular Effects of Dietary Potassium in Humans
- Vascular Effects of Dietary Salt in Humans with Salt-Resistant Blood Pressure
- The Role of Antioxidants on Attenuating the Acute Effects of a Salty Meal
- Vegetarian Diets and Vascular Function
- Vascular Function and Diet
- Neural Control of the Cardiovascular System in Health and Disease
Concussion Research Lab
The overarching goals of the Concussion Research Group are to explore balance following sports related concussion particularly during recovery and beyond return to participation & to investigate the effect of repetitive head impacts on neurological health and physiology in collision sport athletes.
- NCAA/DoD Grand Alliance Concussion Education Research Education (CARE) program
- Unresolved Post-Concussion Balance Deficits and Subsequent Musculoskeletal Injury
- Neurobiological Consequences Subconcussive Impacts and Concussion in Ice Hockey
- Effects of Dual-Task Cognitive Training on Head Impact Kinematics
Control of Balance and Locomotion Lab
The primary goal of the CoBaL lab is to understand the neural and biomechanical basis of human upright balance. The bipedal human is inherently unstable and needs a sophisticated control system to remain upright. We investigate how the nervous system uses sensory information (vision, inner ear) to estimate body dynamics and guide motor processes for upright balance control. The applied goal is to better understand patient populations with neurological disease and injury that lead to balance problems.
- Mechanisms of Balance Control during Locomotion
- Sub-Concussion and Balance Control
- Sensory Processing and Balance Control during Walking in CP
- Sensory Processing and Balance Control during Walking in Parkinson’s Disease
- Balance During Obstacle Avoidance
- Sensor Fusion for Balance Control in Children with Cerebral Palsy
Developmental Motor Control Lab
Research focuses on ways to improve the ability of children to move successfully in their everyday lives. In particular, we study the development of motor control and coordination as well as perceptual/cognitive/motor relationships in typically and atypically developing children and adults.
- Prefronal cortex activation patterns as function of motor planning with different Tower of Hanoi puzzles in children with and without Developmental Coordination Disorder
- A longitudinal study of neural biomarkers of brain plasticity in a biofeedback rehabilitation protocol for stroke patients
Exercise Neuroscience Lab
The goal of the ExNeuro Lab is to provide new knowledge about the use of exercise to improve mobility and fitness in people with Parkinson’s disease and older adults. We focus on the effects of exercise on the nervous system and the prevention of age- or disease-related slowing.
- Coming Soon
Falls and Mobility Lab
The long-term goal of our research is to reduce the incidence of falls, lessen the severity of fall injury, and enable physical activity in patient populations. We employ clinical and biomechanical analyses of mobility and balance, including tests of fall recovery. Our research is applicable to many groups of people, including older adults, individuals with chronic stroke, and children with cerebral palsy.
- Fall-recovery training for individuals with chronic stroke
- Development of a comprehensive evaluation of postural control in children with cerebral palsy
- A study of how counter-rotation movements help maintain balance
- The effects of backward walking training on balance, mobility, strength and fall recovery in older adults
Molecular Physiology Lab
The focus of our lab is to understand the molecular mechanisms responsible for physiological and pathological processes. Our lab primarily focuses on skeletal muscle related pathologies and sports related head impact.
- Neurological and Neuromuscular disorders including head impact/injury
- Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy
- Tay-Sachs Disease
- Cachexia and Muscle Atrophy
Motor Control Lab
Our research is focused on the hand function as seen through force coordination of various manipulation tasks & the evaluation of neuromuscular function and movement performance through novel muscle strength and power tests.
- Not currently accepting students
Our lab studies the neurologic and biomechanical aspects of injury proneness. Most common neuromusculoskeletal injuries are caused by brief errors in judgment and coordination. This momentary loss of situational awareness can be studied by measuring how the brain controls protective muscle tone/stiffness. Life often requires focused attention and split-second decisions to avoid unintentional injuries so applying our results to injury prevention and rehabilitation programs will help mitigate future accidents.
- Neuromechanical contributions to hamstring stiffness dysregulation and injury
- Neuromechanical links between cognition, fear, and joint instability
- Factors influencing upper extremity tissue characteristics and injury in youth overhead athletes
Neurovascular Aging Lab
Our laboratory is interested in understanding the mechanisms by which impaired vascular function contributes to cognitive impairment and risk of Alzheimer’s disease in older adults. Our long term goal is to develop novel pharmacological, lifestyle and dietary interventions to delay or reverse age-associated cognitive decline by increasing blood flow to the brain.
- Effect of nicotinamide riboside supplementation on memory and cerebrovascular function in patients with MCI
- Mechanisms of impaired cerebrovascular function in human aging
- Impact of vascular aging on brain stiffness and cognitive function
Orthotics & Prosthetics for Enhanced Mobility Lab
Our lab primary focuses on orthotic and prosthetic biomechanics, with goals of understanding the interaction between the human musculoskeletal system and orthotic/prosthetic devices, and optimizing the design and prescription of orthotic and prosthetic devices to enable all orthotic and prosthetic users to reach their optimal functional level. To achieve these goals, we employ engineering tools alongside experimental and computational biomechanical approaches.
Website: Orthotics & Prosthetics for Enhanced Mobility Research Lab
Director: Elisa S. Arch
- Personalization of ankle-foot orthoses for individuals post-stroke
- Quantification of ankle stiffness during different activities
- Optimization of the design of passive-dynamic ankle-foot orthoses
- Assessment of the accuracy of a mobile gait analysis system for prosthetic users
- Evaluation of the interaction between orthotic and prosthetic devices and the musculoskeletal system
Vascular Function in Chronic Disease Lab
Our laboratory is interested in understanding vascular function and blood flow regulation throughout the lifespan and in the face of chronic disease, with particular emphasis on cardiovascular disease. Our long term goal is to improve the overall health and ultimately quality of life in these people through exercise, lifestyle, and pharmacological interventions.
- Vascular Consequences of Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy
- Arterial Stiffness and Vascular Function in Children
- Vascular Function in Chronic Kidney Disease
- Assessment of Vascular Function: Changes throughout the Menstral Cycle
Vascular Physiology Lab
The focus of this lab is studying vascular function/dysfunction in healthy and diseased states, with particular emphasis on chronic kidney disease. Additionally, vascular responses to exercise and diet are studied. A variety of techniques are utilized to examine macro- and microvascular function as well as arterial stiffness in humans and animal models.
- Chronic Kidney Disease Research
- Vascular Effects of Dietary Salt in Humans with Salt-Resistant Blood Pressure
Womens Cardiovascular Research Lab
Our research focus is on cardiovascular health in women throughout the lifespan. We study mechanism contributing to vascular dysfunction in women as they age, and the role estrogen may play in maintaining vascular health. We also study blood pressure regulation in women to understand why the prevalence of hypertension is greater in women after menopause.
- Effects of Menopause on Vascular Function in Women
- Estrogen effects on Vascular Function in Women
- Vascular Function in Hypertensive Women
- Impacts of Dietary Salt on Sympathetic Blood Pressure Regulation (Collaboration: William Farquhar & Sean Stocker)