How it Works: BIA and EIM

By Matt Ballman, Ellen Dudzinski, Danny Livingston, Kathleen Wright

Recommended Further Reading:

BIA: Once Flawed, Not Anymore

Bio-electrical Impedance Analysis

Comparison of single- or multifrequency bioelectrical impedance analysis and spectroscopy for assessment of appendicular skeletal muscle in the elderly.

Electrical Impedance Myography: Background, Current State, and Future Directions

Monitoring Muscle

Multifrequency bioelectrical impedance analysis and bioimpedance spectroscopy for monitoring fluid and body cell mass changes after gastric bypass surgery

What Does Bioelectrical Impedance Spectroscopy (BIS) Measure?

How It Works: NIRS for Determining Oxygen Use


By: Elspeth Grasso, Dan Owens and Laura Sturgill

Recommended Further Reading:

Recent developments in near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) for the assessment of local skeletal muscle microvascular function and capacity to utilize oxygen

Near-infrared spectroscopy-derived tissue oxygen saturation in battlefield injuries: a case series report

Moxy device guidebook

Indocyanine green kinetics with near-infrared spectroscopy predicts cerebral hyper fusion syndrome after carotid artery stenting

The Use of Portable NIRS to Measure Muscle Oxygenation and Haemodynamics During a Repeated Sprint Running Test