The University of Delaware is a Tier 1 Research University (according to the Carnegie Classification) and our program will benefit from the campus-wide resources available in this regard. The Minerals, Materials and Society program will offer research delivery from a vast resource base. Below are some examples of research that are ongoing by faculty members across campus that are relevant to this program.
Pyrite, metal sulfide and aluminosilicate nanoparticles as kinetically stable sources of iron and other metals to the ocean.
PI: George W. Luther, III, School of Marine Science & Policy
Funding Agency: NSF Marine Geology and Geophysics, OCE-1558712
Unlike minerals which are stabilized in hydrothermal vent chimneys, nanoparticles or nanominerals (size between 1 – 200 nanometers) can be transported great distances from their source. Pyrite and iron-silicate nanoparticles form and emanate from hydrothermal vents. Iron from these materials eventually is uptaken by microbes for metabolic processes essential to their growth. Thus, iron from vents fertilizes the greater ocean.
Mineral-Fluid Interactions: Synchrotron Radiation Studies at the Advanced Photon Source
PI: Neil C.Sturchio, Department of Geological Sciences
Funding Agency: DOE Office of Basic Energy Sciences, Chemical Sciences, Geosciences, and Biosciences Program (via Argonne National Laboratory)
This program seeks to develop a fundamental molecular-scale understanding of mineral–water interface processes that control the geochemical transport and cycling of elements in Earth’s near-surface environment. Processes of interest include adsorption/desorption, growth/dissolution, and oxidation/reduction reactions which play a critical role in controlling the bio-availability of nutrients and the sequestration or transport of toxic metals, radionuclides, and CO2. The program strategy emphasizes direct experimental observations of such geochemical reactions through in situ studies at mineral–fluid interfaces at molecular-scale resolution.
Research: Forced Relocation and Resettlement: Bhil Lives after the Sardar Sarovar Dam on Narmada River, India
PI: Vikramaditya Thakur, Dept. of Anthropology, College of Arts and Sciences
This study focuses on the forced displacement and relocation of over four thousand families of Bhils, a hill community in western India, due to one of the largest dams in the world on Narmada River in rural western India. It is informed by fieldwork and archival research.
Pearls for the Crown: European Courtly Art and the Rise of the Pearl Trade, 1498-1728
PI: Mónica Domínguez Torres, Department of Art History, University of Delaware
In the Age of European expansion, pearls became potent symbols of imperial supremacy. Since direct access to the marine gems depended on political domination over remote pearling grounds and over the workforce needed for their extraction, pearls were not only appreciated for their beauty and price, but also because they were perceived as imbued with political meaning. Focusing on selected examples related to the Atlantic pearl industry, the book project Pearls for the Crown examines the interplay between materiality, labor, and consumption that drove artistic production in the early modern period.
Funded by a grant from Tiffany and Co. Foundation, the Gemstone and Sustainable Development Knowledge Hub is the research arm of Minerals, Materials and Society. The Gemstone Knowledge Hub seeks to carry out research and connect with past and existing initiatives across four major themes that have been developed through consultations with industry, academia and gem mining communities. These four themes are:
Mining and geology of colored gemstone deposits
Processing and manufacturing of colored gemstones
Gender analysis of colored gemstone supply chains
Economic Development Impact of the colored gemstone sector.
“In a sector with multiple stakeholders and ever-evolving challenges, the importance of sound research, forward-looking solutions and increased understanding among practitioners cannot be overstated. To this end, The Tiffany & Co. Foundation is proud to have supported the establishment of the Gemstone and Sustainable Development Knowledge Hub, which is one of the research arm of the Minerals, Materials and Society program. Through the Hub, industry leaders, academic experts and mining communities can share key findings with each other to help improve the sector through an interdisciplinary approach.”
Anisa Kamadoli Costa, The Tiffany & Co. Foundation
Bolivia’s lithium frontier: Can public private partnerships deliver a minerals boom for sustainable development? Link to more details