The Bloomsbury Group
The Bloomsbury Group refers to an influential group of intellectuals with an “intricate network of social, sexual, and hereditary relationships […] united by shared interests, attitudes of mind, and reformist ideals” who held informal meetings and discussions in the Bloomsbury area of London (Spalding 7). Many of the meetings, called ‘at homes’, were held at 46 Gordon Square, the home of Vanessa and Clive Bell. The group, however, lacked a single political affiliation or credo and is characterized as ¨primarily an association of friends¨ (Spalding 11).
Members of the original Bloomsbury Group included:
Writer Virginia Woolf, political writer Leoonard Woolf, Vanessa Bell, Adrian Stephen, Karin Stephen, civil servant Saxon Sydney-Turner, art critics Robert Fry and Clive Bell, critic Lytton Strachey, Desmond and Molly MacCarthy, artist Duncan Grant, economist John Maynard Keynes, novelist E.M. Forester, James and Alix Strachey, suffragette Marjorie Strachey, society hostess Lady Ottoline Morrell.
The Tate Museum’s Resources on the Bloomsbury Group
(Brief Biographies, General Information, and Artwork)
Spalding, Frances. The Bloomsbury Group. London: The National Portrait Gallery, 2005.