Personal Life

Born in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma. Lived in Bethany Oklahoma where I went to Earl Harris Elementary and Putnam City High School. I have lived in eight states for periods longer than four months and overseas for one year where I attended middle school at Glebelands in England. My first experience in research was when I was 18 (?) in the area of genetics and microbiology, the picture is below.

My hobbies are running, volleyball, collecting Brittney Spears concert memorabilia, yoga, and modern housing design. Below are a few photographs I have taken in a small gallery.

Spring is so anticipated after a long cold winter, and it is so encouraging to see the plants come back from dormancy. Here are a few pictures in the spring. The Heathers come out first in Jan and Feb, then the white forsythia Feb to March, followed by the Yoshino Cherry in late March. April is a big month, with the Donald Wyman and Indian Summer crabapples, the maple blossoms including my favorite half moon japanese maple, the Eastern Redbud, primroses, and bleeding hearts. Now the color has come back as the garden is revived.

The lasers in the lab generate basically two frequencies, 1000Hz and 10Hz. This can become somewhat, well, predictable after a few years. Internet radio and MP3 have solved this problem in our lab. My favorite artists are 3Oh!3 (They are back with NightSports!), Galantis, Nicki, Rhianna, David Guetta <3, Blink 182, The Struts. I have an addiction to EDM, … dealing with it. Favorite old song/video would be Kickstart by EXAMPLE -> . 2016 artists would be The 1975, Chainsmokers, Daya, Melanie Martinez, Alessia Cara. Halsey is good … but her lyrics are a little edgy scary. Fetty, he has `that voice' and I hope he makes it.

Budget Priorities


National budget priorities hit a wall in 2013. Increasing expenditures since 2008 had the federal government spending $3 in programs for every $2 in tax revenue. Within a few years the federal debt (which is debt held by the US public) increased from roughly a third of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) to three-quarters of the GDP. This is outlined in the Congressional Budget Office publication for 2013.

Sequestration, a process by which expenditures were frozen and cut across the board was implemented as stalemate solution to keep the spending under control. The commensurate shift in priorities towards social programs, primarily health care, led to across the board, long term cuts in nearly every program in the Federal budget including many in science and technology. Long term projections out to 2023 have expenditures for discretionary spending cut by roughly one-third (33 cents out of every dollar) by 2023. Additional information can be found at




Large shifts in the US and globally required a new level of flexibility. I believe 2012 required a new beginning. Success will be defined by learning to do what we need to by adapting and embracing new ideas rather than rely on previous conventions. A reduction in carbon footprint due to global warming, new and radical fiscal responsibility in government budgets [1], large changes in how information is shared, e.g. MOOCs, and understanding the revolutionary wave of demonstrations and protests such as the Arab Spring.

The practice of Vinyasa yoga in yoga centers from Philly (Dhyana Yoga), Boulder (Yoga Loft), and San Diego (Yoga One) helped me to improve my perspective to deal with these changes. As a scientist, approaching and solving problems in the future will certainly require an openness to creativity, new ideas, and solutions that border on what would be viewed as science fiction only a few years ago




Science Community

Science Olympiad

The National Science Olympiad is a widely recognized competitionfor some of the best elementary, middle and high school students in the country. Testing the knowledge of various science topics and engineering ability across 15,000 schools from 48 U.S. states each year. The Science Olympiad is one of the leaders in the revolution for science education in America.

Beginning with (and still involving) a grassroots assembly of science teachers, the science olympiad is now one of the premiere science competitions in the nation, providing rigorous, standards-based challenges to nearly 6,000 teams in 50 states. Science Olympiad's ever-changing event lineup provides a variety of career choices and exposure to practicing scientists and mentors. Previously I was able to participate when UD hosted the 2002 Nationals for Science Olympiad. This year I was able to help with the Delaware State Competition with Cesar Caro in the Optics Test and Experimental Section. Cesar I could not have done this without your help! Grading this many problems and evaluating the experimental section in time for the awards ceremony was a lot of work!


Global Perspective

Engineers Without Borders

Growing from a handful of members in 2002 to over 12,000 today, Engineers Without Borders has 350+ projects in more than 45 developing countries around the world including water, renewable energy, and sanitation. These projects, in partnership with local communities, strive to create a more stable and prosperous world by addressing basic needs. There are 180 student chapters in the United States.

The UD Student Chapter of Engineers without Bordershosted an Inaugural Engineers With Out Borders 5k, Run on the perfectly clear, 60 degree day November 14, 2010 at the loop by Christiana Towers. The event was to benefit the UD Chapter of Engineers Without Borders for designing clean water facilities for villages in Cameroon (2010 picture shown above) and Guatemala. My participation involved 40th place overall, 4th place in division (Male/Age) at a time of 22:55 for a 7:24 pace 🙂 In case you were thinking this was an easy race, the first place time was 15:53 for a 05:07 / mile pace, which is rocket fast. The world record is 4:00 / mile for a 5k set by Kenenisa Bekele (Ethiopia) in 2004!



Annie Jump Carson

Annie Jump Cannon (December 11, 1863 – April 13, 1941) accomplished herself as one of the first women in science. Regretably, the hundreds of variable stars she discovered and other firsts in her career are easy to overlook. With Edward C. Pickering, she is credited with the first serious attempt to organize and classify stars based on their temperatures. She was nicknamed "Census Taker of the Sky" for classifying 230,000 stellar bodies, more than any other person, male or female. In an effort to highlight her legacy at Delaware, which has an endownment in her name, a named conference room was designed and renovated from space within Sharp Laboratory at the University of Delaware.

The efforts created “The Annie Jump Cannon Conference Room” in 223SHL. The room features her portrait, brief story, and some of the most modern AV equipment in a setting that easily accommodates larger groups of up to 14 people. While maintaining its use as a scheduled conference room during the day, during the evening the room reverts to a place where students meet and study in groups.






A normal scientist's 'pop-culture' hyperbole / stereotype does not encompass athletic prowess. (If you need a refresher watch an episode of Big Bang Theory 🙂 However, we like to play hard just as much as work. The health benefits are clear and sport helps balance the cerebral inclination of our discipline. Below are the recent teams. Contact me directly or through imleagues if you want to play on a team. The sports we have played in the past include: beach volleyball, court volleyball, indoor badminton, Chicago softball, ultimate, tennis, dodgeball, yoga (okay I know this is really not a sport BUT it is really good for you). All sports are co-ed since science and life run that way as well.



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