How To Meet Accessibility Requirements (from webdesignledger.com)
In order to provide for the access needs of the disabled, it’s important to understand the technology challenges these users face everyday.
- Use of non-standard browsers, earlier versions of mainstream browsers, or specially designed text-to-speech and text-to-braille readers that do not function in the way we normally understand browsers to function.
- Lower screen resolutions, the need for larger fonts, and reduced screen size.
- Colorblind users who cannot easily “Click the red button to cancel your order.”
- Users with motor impairment may use non-standard pointing devices and keywords.
The UD Information Technologies has compiled a list of Best Practices that are recommended by the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) and used by other higher ed institutions for accessible web design. This information is based on the Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG 2.0) and Accessible Rich Internet Applications (W A I-ARIA 1.0) standards published by the W3C.
A Word About Conformance
As you might expect, there are levels of conformance for a web page. The University of Delaware recommends satisfying a minimum success criteria for WCAG 2.0 Level A. Please consult the WCAG 2.0 section for Conformance for more information.
Please visit our modified list of WCAG 2.0 standards. Our hope is make this easier for you to understand and to implement.
Let’s Get to It!
Each of the following items are needed to conform with WCAG 2.0 Level A Guidelines. For a more itemized list, visit our modified WCAG 2.0 standards page.
Let’s get right to it…
- Navigation – skip-navigation links, accessible menus, proper headings, meaningful link text, document landmark roles for page parts
- Text Equivalents – provide alt attributes to non-text elements
- Color Contrast
- Accessible Documents
- pdf for wcag 2.0
- Standards Validation
In general, it is highly recommended to explore and incorporate as much as possible in the Level AA Conformance as possible. We recognize that this is not always achievable based on costs and time. Nonetheless, web developers are strongly urged to work towards this goal. For further assistance, please contact us.