A growing number of women receive medication to treat addiction for opioid use disorders in the United States. Maternal drug use is a known risk factor for poor parenting and parental stress. These all hinder the relationship between mother and child and can result in negative health impact on both. In addition, mothers with opioid use disorders are often burdened by trauma histories as children and adults, and this trauma is associated with poorer mental and physical health. Previous studies have found associations with attachment disorder and poor parenting in women in drug treatment.

The present observational study aimed to measure the impact of a trauma-informed mindfulness-based parenting (MBP) intervention on quality of parenting behaviors of mothers primarily with opioid use disorders as well as examine associations between exposure to adverse childhood experiences and self-reported mindful parenting. A pretest posttest design was used with repeated measures. A total of 160 women were recruited from a substance use treatment program into the 12-week-long group-based intervention comprised didactic and experiential mindfulness activities. An objective measure of parenting behavior was used to investigate parenting quality. In addition self-reported adverse childhood experiences and mindful parenting were investigated as potential predictors of parenting change.mindfulness-based parenting

The MBP intervention resulted in clinically significant improvements in all domains of measured parenting quality and self-reported mindful parenting. Data suggested higher baseline Adverse Childhood Experiences and higher program attendance significantly predicted improved overall quality of parenting behaviors at a greater rate over time. Higher mindful parenting scores were associated with greater rate of improvement in parenting quality. Study findings suggest a trauma-informed MBP intervention for parenting women with opioid use disorders is associated with significant clinical improvements in quality of parenting behavior.

The link to the articlie : https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28746242

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