OPPORTUNITIES AFTER GRADUATION

WHAT ARE MY OPTIONS AFTER GRADUATION?


ATHLETIC TRAINING

The Athletic Training major is fully accredited by the Commission on Accreditation of Athletic Training Education (CAATE). This curriculum prepares students for taking the BOC exam for certification as an Athletic Trainer (ATC.) Students receive extensive hands-on experience working closely with the university’s 22 Division I athletic teams, as well as in local clinics and high schools. Certified Athletic Trainers may find careers in the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of athletic injuries working in educational settings (high school, junior college, university), or clinical settings. The major also serves as excellent preparation for post-graduate work in Physical Therapy, Occupational Therapy, Medicine, or a field of Exercise Science.

EXERCISE SCIENCE

The Exercise Science major at the University of Delaware is a rigorous, scientifically based program designed specifically to prepare students for successful entry into post-graduate programs (see info below.) Students not seeking post-graduate training can select career opportunities in health-related clinical or research environments.

Frequently Asked Questions

Does AP credit count for grad schools?

This varies by school. Often if the course is accepted by another college or university and appears on that transcript, Advanced Placement (AP), International Baccalaureate (IB), and College Level Examinations Program (CLEP) may be considered.

What does it mean to take a ‘Gap Year’?

This is the time between completing your undergraduate degree and the time you begin graduate school. Many students take gap year(s) for various reasons. Some are not quite ready to buckle down for graduate school immediately after graduation. Using this time to gain experience, direction, emotional and cognitive growth, and to satisfy curiosity about the real world are all valid uses of time. Many students will use this time to take prerequisite classes for grad school or gain patient contact hours.

Do I need to complete all prerequisite courses before I apply?

Generally, no, but in order to fulfill the requirements prior to starting a program, you will need to have approximately 50% of them complete (or be enrolled in) at the time of application.

May I take prerequisite courses at a community college?

This varies by school. Often it is acceptable to take courses at any accredited college or university.

How does a grade I earn at another college or university affect my GPA?

The grades will be listed on your transcript, but are not factored into your GPA. Therefore, they will have no affect on your overall GPA.

What is meant by a ‘Post Bacc’?

A premedical post-Baccalaureate can help those with a non-science related bachelor’s degree to prepare for medical school or other health professional schools. UD’s certificate program includes core prerequisite credit hours in primarily science-related subjects including biology, chemistry and biochemistry, physics, sociology, math, philosophy and psychology and recommended elective courses.

What is the difference between Volunteer/Shadow/Patient Contact Hours?

Shadowing a healthcare professional is generally observing them in their typical day-to-day duties, or in some cases, meeting with them to ask questions about their professions. Shadowing is a great way to explore a field and evaluate if it is something you would enjoy and if it would be a good fit with your goals and personal strengths. It is a good idea to shadow a variety of people in different settings to make sure your reflections and opinions are not solely based on one person’s attitude or even an atypical day you observed.

What does it mean to get hours in more than one setting?

It is important to get exposure to a career field in varied settings. Outpatient clinics (UD and others), hospital inpatient, rehab hospital, VA hospitals, children’s hospitals, nursing homes, doctors offices are some examples of different settings.

How do I get Volunteer/Shadow Hours?

The more hands-on patient care experience you have, the stronger you will be as a candidate. You have many options. Send out a request to your Facebook or Linkedin network. Search global health opportunities. Call your local hospital or children’s hospital. Call the local veterans association or senior living center. Say you are willing to work for free and do an awesome job.

How can I get Patient Contact Hours?

Patient contact hours are hands-on rather than volunteer or shadow hours. Often these experiences require training or certifications and can be more challenging to acquire. EMT, First Responder, Phlebotomist, Medical Assistant, Certified Nurse Assistant, Scribe are some examples of jobs that would allow you to get patient contact hours. Here are some links that can get you started:

Who should I ask for Letters of Recommendation for graduate school?

This will depend on what programs you are applying to and what their requirements are. Many graduate programs will want to see at least one recommendation letter from a professional in that field. Some programs may not have a preference, or ask for other types of recommendation letters. In other cases, you want to make sure you are getting a recommendation letter from someone who knows you very well and can speak with great detail to your abilities, personality, and motivation; this person does not have to be closely related to the field you are pursuing or an instructor from a related course.[\learn_more]

What is the GRE?

The Graduate Record Exam (GRE) is the official site for the GRE. Includes answers to frequently asked questions and information on registration and testing sites. It is very important to prepare for and take these tests early. We recommend that you take these tests by the end of your junior year, so that you can submit your application materials early and have ample time to retake the test if necessary.[\learn_more]

When should I schedule the GRE?

Sign up early to ensure that you can take the test on your desired date. There are no registration deadlines for computer based tests (GRE General and Written Assessment, GMAT), but registration is first come, first serve. The registration deadlines for GRE Subject Tests are approximately six weeks prior to the exam dates. Check with each testing organization to verify their policies.[\learn_more]

Can I take the GRE at the University of Delaware?

Yes! Refer to this link for information on the UD computer based testing center.[\learn_more]

Is there test prep offered at UD?

Yes! Prepare for success with the GRE test prep course.[\learn_more]

What if I’m unsure of which direction in the health professions I want to pursue, what are some good options for elective courses?

HDFS201 (Lifespan Development) HLTH/PHIL241(Ethical Aspects of Healthcare) PHIL202 (Contemporary Moral Problems) PHIL203 (Ethics) CHEM321/322 (Organic Chemistry) CHEM527 (Biochemistry) BISC300 (Microbiology)

Should I have a minor?

The short answer is that it depends. If you have a subject you’d LOVE to explore, college is the perfect time to take a few literature or music classes, or anything else! A minor can be a great way to do this. A minor is between 15 and 24 extra credits. This means a minor takes an extra commitment to a tougher schedule to graduate on time. You don’t want to put in all this extra time for the sole fact of having a minor. It only makes sense if you are sure of the value it will add to you personally or professionally. And most importantly, you must protect your GPA; if a minor stretches you too thin, it’s not a good idea. Consider the options for UD Majors and Minors and review the requirements.

PROFESSIONAL ADVANCEMENT AND CERTIFICATION OPPORTUNITIES

American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) Certifications

A number of certifications are available including Health/Fitness, Clinical, and Specialty. Each certification requires a different level of education and experience. ACSM is considered the gold standard for certifications of these types. American College of Sports Medicine (PDF)

Certified Strength & Conditioning Specialists (CSCS)

CSCS are professionals who apply scientific knowledge to train athletes for the primary goal of improving athletic performance. They conduct sport-specific testing sessions, design and implement safe and effective strength training and conditioning programs and provide guidance regarding nutrition and injury prevention. Minor in Strength & Conditioning in Kinesiology and Applied Physiology prepares students for CSCS exam. National Strength and Conditioning Association

Public Health

The science and art of preventing disease, prolonging life and promoting health through organized efforts and informed choices of society, organizations, public and private, communities and individuals. Minor available in the BHAN department. Opportunities for graduate study. American Public Health Association Council on Education for Public Health

Additional Career Resources

Explore Health Careers Occupational Outlook Handbook – United States Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics

GRADUATE PROGRAMS IN HEALTH PROFESSIONS

This guide is for students planning for possible admission to health professions graduate programs. Students should check the admissions standards for individual schools, as there is variability in requirements between programs as well as schools. Many schools have additional course prerequisite requirements beyond the minimum or generalities listed in this document. The Center for Premedical and Health Profession Studies (CPHPS), supports all pathways for premedical studies as well as to provide additional advisement/referral services for students pursuing professions in other health related professions. Drop-in hours and advisement appointments are available.

Physical Therapy

 PTs help patients reduce pain and improve or restore mobility – in many cases without expensive surgery and often reducing the need for long-term use of prescription medications and their side effects. They examine each individual and develop a plan, using treatment techniques to promote the ability to move, reduce pain, restore function, and prevent disability. PTs provide care for people in a variety of settings, including hospitals, private practices, outpatient clinics, home health agencies, schools, sports and fitness facilities, work settings, and nursing homes. A Doctorate in Physical Therapy (DPT) is required to practice in the US.

Profession Website:  www.APTA.org
Central Application:  www.ptcas.org
Admission Test:  GRE > 50th  percentile
GPA:  > 3.2
Hours:  > 50

Early Decision for UD Applicants Only – Deadline June 1 (after completion of junior year)  
http://sites.udel.edu/pt/study-with-us/

UD Club: Physical Therapy Interest Club

Sample prerequisite requirements:

University of Delaware Thomas Jefferson Univ., PA Rutgers, State Univ. of New Jersey
Human or Mammalian Anatomy &
Physiology w/labs (8)
Anatomy & Physiology I and II w/ labs (8) Human Anatomy & Physiology w/labs (8)
General Biology w/labs (8) General Biology I and II w/labs (8)
General Chemistry w/labs (8) General Chemistry I and II w/labs (8) General Chemistry w/labs (8)
General Physics w/labs (8) Physics I and II w/labs (8) General Physics w/labs (8)
Recommended: Calculus (3) College Algebra/Trigonometry or higher math (3) College-level Math (Precalculus, Calculus, Trigonometry or Geometry) (3)
General Statistics (3) Statistics (3) Statistics (3)
General Psychology (3) Psychology (6) Psychology (3)
Recommended: English Composition (3) English Composition/Writing (6)
Recommended: Psychology Upper-level (3) Sociology/Cultural course (3)
(not religion or history-based)
Philosophy/Ethics (3)
Occupational Therapy

OTs help people across the lifespan participate in the things they want and need to do through the therapeutic use of everyday activities (occupations). Common occupational therapy interventions include helping children with disabilities to participate fully in school and social situations, helping people recovering from injury to regain skills, and providing supports for older adults experiencing physical and cognitive changes. While a Master’s degree is the current entry-level degree for OT, the Doctorate OTD degree will soon replace this as the entry-level requirement.

Profession Website:  www.AOTA.org
Local Chapter:  Delaware Occupational Therapy Association www.dotaonline.org
Central Application:  www.otcas.org
Admission Test:  GRE > 50th percentile
GPA:  > 3.0
Hours:  > 30

UD Graduate Program:  3+2 BS in Health Sciences from UD and MS in OT from TJU
Apply as a high school senior or at the end of the freshman year only.

UD Club:  UD Occupational Therapy Club

Sample prerequisite requirements:

Towson University, MD University of the Sciences, PA Seton Hall University, NJ
Human anatomy and physiology with lab (2 sem.) Anatomy and physiology (2 semesters) Human anatomy and physiology with lab (8 credits)
General psychology (1 sem.) General psychology (3 cr.)
Abnormal psych. (1 sem.) Abnormal psych. (1 sem.) Abnormal psychology (3 cr.)
Developmental psych. (3 cr.)
Sociology (1 semester) Sociology or cultural anthropology (1 sem.) Sociology (3 credits)
Physics with lab (1 sem.) Physics (1 semester)
Human development (1 sem.) Human growth and development through the life span (1 sem.)
Statistics (1 semester) Statistics (1 semester) Statistics (3 credits)
Medical terminology (1 sem.)
English composition (1 sem.) English (3 credits)
Physician Assistant

A PA is a nationally certified and state-licensed mid-level medical professional who works under the supervision of a licensed medical physician. A PA must have at least a bachelor’s degree, complete a PA master’s program that is accredited by the National Commission of Physician Assistants, and pass a certification exam.

Profession Website:  www.AAPA.org
Central Application:  https://caspa.liaisoncas.com
Directory of Schools: http://directory.paeaonline.org
Admission Test:  GRE > 50th percentile
GPA:  > 3.0
Hours: 200 – 2000 (must be Patient Contact hours)

How can I get direct patient care?
Examples of Direct Patient Care
UD Club:  Physician Assistant Club

Sample prerequisite requirements:

Arcadia University; DE, PA Thomas Jefferson Univ., PA Hofstra University, NY
General Biology (2 sem.) Biology with lab (8 cr) General Biology with lab (8 cr)
Anatomy & Physiology (2 sem.) A & P with lab (8 cr) A & P with lab (8 cr)
Microbiology  (1 sem.) Microbiology with lab (4 cr) Microbiology with lab (4 cr)
General Chemistry (2 sem.) Chemistry with lab (8 cr) General Chemistry with lab (8 cr)
Statistics (1 sem.) Statistics (3 cr) Statistics (3 cr)
Psychology (1 sem.) Psychology (3 cr)
Organic Chemistry (1 sem.) Recommended: Med Term, Genetics,
Biochem, Organic Chem, Physics
Genetics (3-4 cr)
Biochemistry recommended (1 sem.) Completion of prerequisites
at a US-accredited four (4) year college
or university is preferred.
Chiropractor

A chiropractor practices a form of alternative medicine concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of mechanical disorders of the musculoskeletal system, especially the spine.

Profession Website:  www.acatoday.org
Central Application:  https://portal.chirocas.org/
Directory of Schools: http://www.chirocolleges.org/prospective_students.html
Admission Test:  CCAT
GPA:  > 2.75-3.0
Hours:  no minimum standard

Sample prerequisite requirements:

Life University, GA Palmer College of
Chiropractic; IA, FL, CA
University of Bridgeport, CT
Bachelor’s degree earned or a minimum of 90 credits completed Bachelor’s degree earned or a minimum of 90 credits completed Bachelor’s degree earned or a minimum of 90 credits completed
Minimum of 24 credits in the physical/life sciences with a “C” or better in each course (half of the classes comprising the 24 credits must contain labs) Minimum of 24 credits in the physical/life sciences with a “C” or better in each course (half of the classes comprising the 24 credits must contain labs) Minimum of 24 credits in the physical/life sciences with a “C” or better in each course (half of the classes comprising the 24 credits must contain labs) *
English Comp (1 sem.) A well-rounded general education program in the humanities and social sciences *Recommended Courses
General Chemistry with lab
Organic Chemistry with lab
Physics with lab
Biology with lab
Humanities (1 sem.)
Social Sciences (1 sem.)
College Algebra (1 sem.)
Unduplicated Humanities, Social Sciences, Mathematics, Computer or Business courses
Optometrist

An Optometrist is a primary health care provider that specializes in eye care and visual health. Optometrists “examine, diagnose, treat and manage diseases, injuries, and disorders of the visual system, the eye, and associated structures and their related systemic conditions.”

Profession Website:  www.opted.org
Central Application:  https://optomcas.liaisoncas.com
Directory of Schools: http://opted.org/about-optometric-education/professional-o-d-programs
Admission Test:  OAT
GPA:  > 3.0
Hours:  no minimum standard

Sample prerequisite requirements:

Salus University of Pennsylvania
College of Optometry
State University of New York New England College of Optometry, MA
General Biology with labs (2 sem.) General Biology with labs (2 sem.) General Biology with labs (2 sem.)
General Chemistry with labs (2 sem.) General Chemistry with labs (2 sem.) General Chemistry with labs (2 sem.)
Physics with labs (2 sem.) Physics with labs (2 sem.) Physics with labs (2 sem.)
Organic Chemistry with lab (1-2 sem.) Organic Chemistry with lab (2 sem.) Organic Chemistry with lab (1 sem.)
Biochemistry (1 sem.) Biochem, A&P recommended (1 sem each) Biochemistry (1 sem.)
Microbiology (1 sem.) Microbiology recommended (1 sem.) Microbiology (1 sem.)
Calculus (1 sem., 2 sem. recommended) Calculus (1 sem.) Calculus (1 sem.)
Statistics (1 sem.) Statistics (1 sem.) Statistics (1 sem.)
Psychology (1 sem.) Psychology (1 sem.) Psychology (1 sem.)
English (2 sem.) English (2 sem.) English (2 sem.)
A&P, Histology, Cell Bio, Genetics,
Experimental and Physiological
Psych recommended (1 sem each)
Humanities (2 sem.)
Pharmacist

Pharmacists are the medication specialists on the healthcare team. The principal goal is to achieve positive outcomes from the use of medication to improve patients’ quality of life with minimum risk.

Profession Website:  www.aacp.org
Central Application:  http://www.pharmcas.org/
Directory of Schools: https://www.acpe-accredit.org/pharmd-program-accreditation/
Admission Test:   PCAT (or sometimes GRE)
GPA:  > 3.0
Hours:  no minimum standard

Sample prerequisite requirements:

Humanities (9) – Languages, Literature, Philosophy, Religion, ArtsEconomics (3)Humanities (9) -English literature, composition,
U.S. history, Western Civilization, or cross-disciplinary humanities coursesElectives (9) – 6 of the 9 semester hours must be liberal arts credits. Liberal arts electives include art, music, sociology, history, psychology, anthropology, foreign language, political science, economics and English

Thomas Jefferson Univ.
College of Pharmacy, PA
Fairleigh Dickinson Univ.
School of Pharmacy, NJ
Albany College of
Pharmacy and Health Sciences, NY
Anatomy & Physiology I and II w/ labs (8) Anatomy & Physiology I and II w/ labs (8)
General Biology I and II w/labs (8) General Biology I and II w/labs (8) General Biology I and II w/labs (8)
General Chemistry I and II w/labs (8) General Chemistry I and II w/labs (8) General Chemistry I and II w/labs (8)
Physics I and II w/labs (8) Physics I and II w/labs (8) Physics I and II w/labs (8)
Organic Chemistry I and II w/labs (8) Organic Chemistry I and II w/labs (8) Organic Chemistry I and II w/labs (8)
Calculus (3) Calculus (3) Calculus (4)
Microbiology with lab (4) Biochemistry (3) Microbiology with lab (4)
Applied Statistics (3) Applied Statistics (3)
English Composition/Writing (3) Speech or Professional Communication (3) +
English Composition/Writing (3)
Public Speaking (3)
Social Sciences (9) – Psychology,
Sociology, Anthropology,
Political Science, Economics,
Geography, History
General Psychology (3)

 

Prosthetics / Orthotics

A podiatrist is a doctor of podiatric medicine (DPM), also known as a podiatric physician or surgeon. Podiatrists diagnose and treat conditions of the foot, ankle, and related structures of the leg. podiatrists are the most qualified doctors to care for your feet. They complete four years of training in a podiatric medical school and three years of hospital residency training. This training is similar to that of other doctors. Podiatrists can specialize in many fields, including surgery, sports medicine, wound care, pediatrics (children), and diabetic care.

Profession Websites:
 http://www.ncope.org/,
http://www.oandp.org/,
http://www.opcareers.org/what_is_op/

Central Application: OPCAS
Admission Test: GRE
GPA:  > 3.0
Hours:  up to 250 observation hours

Sample prerequisite requirements:

University of Hartford, CT University of Pittsburgh, PA Georgia Tech, GA
General Biology with lab (4 cr) General Biology with lab (4 cr) General Biology with lab (4 cr)
General Chemistry with lab (4 cr) General Chemistry with lab (4 cr) General Chemistry with lab (4 cr)
Physics with labs (8 cr) Physics with labs (4 cr) Physics with labs (4 cr)
Anatomy & Physiology with labs (8 cr) Anatomy & Physiology (6 cr) Anatomy & Physiology (6 cr)
Human Growth and Development (3 cr) Human Growth and Development (3 cr) OR Human Growth and Development (3 cr) OR
Abnormal Psychology (3 cr) Abnormal Psychology (3 cr) Abnormal Psychology (3 cr)
Statistics (3 cr) Statistics (3cr) Statistics (3cr)
Trigonometry (3 cr) Algebra or higher (3 cr) Psychology (3 cr)
Accelerated Nursing

An accelerated degree program is for individuals who have obtained a baccalaureate degree in another field and wish to pursue a bachelor of science in nursing (BSN).

Profession Website:  http://www.aacn.nche.edu/students/accelerated-nursing-programs
Central Application:  http://www.nursingcas.org/
Admission Test:  no
GPA:  >  3.0
Hours: none
UD Program:  http://sites.udel.edu/nursing/accelerated/

Sample prerequisite requirements:

University of Delaware Pace University, NY Thomas Jefferson Univ., PA
General Biology with lab (4 cr)
General Chemistry with lab (4 cr) General Chemistry (3 cr) General Chemistry with lab (4 cr)
Microbiology with lab (4 cr) Microbiology with lab (4 cr) Microbiology with lab (4 cr)
Anatomy & Physiology with labs (8 cr) Anatomy & Physiology with labs (8 cr) Anatomy & Physiology with labs (8 cr)
Bioorganic Chemistry with lab (4 cr) Chemistry II or Biochemistry with lab (4 cr)
Human Development over lifespan (3 cr)
Statistics (3 cr) Statistics (3 cr) Statistics (3 cr)
Psychology (3 cr) Psychology (3 cr)
Nutrition (3 cr) Nutrition (3 cr)
UD breadth (12 cr) Electives (see website) (39 cr)
Critical Reading and Writing (3 cr)

 

Medicine MD/MO

Medical Doctor/Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine

Please visit the following link for following information regarding medical school:
http://www.bio.udel.edu/premedical-or-mdphd-programs

Dentistry

A dentist is a surgeon who specializes in the diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of diseases and conditions of the oral cavity. There are two different degree types that are the same requirements and accreditation, Doctor of Dental Surgery (DDS) and Doctor of Medicine in Dentistry or Doctor of Dental Medicine (DMD/DDM). The dental school will determine what degree it offers. Most programs take approximately 4 years to complete.

Please visit the following link for following information regarding dental school:
http://www.bio.udel.edu/dental-programs