About the FRAME Program

Forest fragments in human-dominated landscapes have been intensively studied by researchers in the FRAME program.


The FRAME program (Forest Fragments in Managed Ecosystems) is a long-term study of small forests in cities and suburbs.

The first stage of the study (completed 2011) was the establishment of a set of 30 sites, and initial assessment of conditions using measures of soil, plants, and animals. This was increased to 38 sites as of 2015.

The second stage (in progress as of 2016) involves experimental studies of soil and key species to understand interactions between plants, invertebrates, and vertebrates.

The third stage of the study will consist of continued monitoring, manipulations aimed directly at site improvement, and technology transfer for better management of urban forest fragments. The structure of the FRAME encourages studies by other researchers: a number of these are already in place and are listed here.



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