Samuel C.K. Lee (Ph.D., P.T., University of Delaware)


Assistant Professor
Physical Therapy
325 McKinly Lab

Research Interests

  • Applied Physiology
  • Cerebral Palsy and Spinal Cord Injuries
  • Neuromuscular Electrical Stimulation
  • Functional Electrical Stimulation

Mentoring In

  • Applied/Exercise Physiol
  • Motor Control/Behavior


  • Post-Doctoral Fellow, University of Pennsylvania, Neurorehabilitation, 1999-2000
  • Ph.D., University of Delaware, Biomechanics and Movement Sciences/Philosophy, 1994-1999
  • MPT, University of Delaware, Physical Therapy, 1992-1993
  • B.S., Boston University, Biomedical Engineering, 1988

Honors & Awards

  • “Researcher of the Month,” College of Health Sciences, University of Delaware, January 2012.
  • Winner of the “Best Student Paper” (to AM  Tokay).  Tokay AM, McRae CGA, Johnston TE, Lee SCK.  The feasibility of using functional electrical stimulation assisted cycling in children with cerebral palsy.  12th Annual Conference of the International FES Society, Nov 10-14, 2007, Philadelphia, PA.
  • 2003 – Honoree, American Physical Therapy Association , Profiles in Excellence, April, 2003
  • “Best Poster Presentation” for the poster:. Ding J, Lee SCK, Tokay A, Prosser L, Stackhouse S,  Wexler AS, Binder-Macleod SA Modeling Isometric Contractions of Leg Muscles for Children with Cerebral Palsy.  Presented at the 3rd Annual Center for Biomedical Engineering Research Symposium, University of Delaware, Newark, DE, 2006.
  • Nominated for the 2005 Gayle G. Arnold Award for Excellence in the Care of Children with Cerebral Palsy for the paper entitled: “Neuromuscular Electrical Stimulation and Volitional Isometric Strength Training of the Quadriceps Femoris and Triceps Surae in Children with Spastic Diplegic CP”. Presented at the 58th Annual Meeting of the American Academy for Cerebral Palsy and Developmental Medicine, Los Angeles, CA, September 29 – October 2, 2004.
  • Mentored Drexel University Senior Design Project: Bohmik M, Ginder M, Kleinberg M, Greising J, Lind D, Lee SCK. Instrumented bicycle pedals for use in a functional electrical stimulation study for children with cerebral palsy.  Electrical and Computer Engineering Department, Drexel University, 2003-2004 Academic Year. Research Day, March 4th, 2004. Awarded 1st place project in the Electrical and Computer Engineering Department. Awarded 3rd place project ($500) in the overall Drexel Engineering Department competition and a private industry award (Cisco Systems $500).
  • “Best Poster” for the poster: The effects of electrical stimulation vs. volitional strength training on gait in children with cerebral palsy. Gait and Clinical Motion Analysis Society Annual Meeting, Lexington, KY, April, 2004.
  • “Chattanooga Research Award”. American Physical Therapy Association, 2002 for the article: Stackhouse SK, Stevens JE, Pearce KM, Lee SCK, Snyder-Mackler L, Binder-Macleod SA. Maximum voluntary activation in fresh and fatigued muscle of young and elder individuals. Phys. Ther. May 2001, Phys. Ther. 81:1102-09, 2001.
  • “Outstanding Student Presentation, Muscle Fatigue Poster/Discussion” for the presentation: Maximum Voluntary Recruitment in Fresh and Fatigued Muscle of Young and Elder Individuals.  Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology, Experimental Biology 99, Washington, D.C., April 19, 1999.
  • “Top 10 Speaker”.  Annual Biomedical Engineering Project Conference, Boston University, Boston, MA, April, 1988.